Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a central organization that recruits suitable candidates for various departments of the Indian government. Civil service exam is part of UPSC, which handles Indian civil service recruitment. It also conducts many other exams like Indian Engineering services, Combined defense service etc. The head office of UPSC is at Dholpur House, New Delhi.
Apart from conducting direct recruitment through UPSC exams, UPSC is also responsible for promotion / deputation of officers. In addition, it also handles disciplinary cases relating civil services and frames recruitment rules for posts and services under Indian Government.
We can date back the history of UPSC to the year 1855 of British Raj. British introduced the concept of civil service exam, a merit-based recruitment process. The age limit for civil service exam was 18-23 year. They kept European classics as a major part of the civil service syllabus, which made it difficult for Indians to succeed in the IAS exam.
1864, Satyendranath Tagore brother of Rabindranath Tagore became the first Indian civil service officer. In later years, 4 more Indians succeeded in civil service exam.
At first, the British held civil service exam in London. Later, they started organizing it in both Allahabad and Delhi. In 1919, the British created a public service commission in India, to oversee Indian civil service recruitment. This commission was later reformed to Union public service commission after independence.
Over the years, UPSC has kept a disciplined way of carrying out the recruitment process. Whether its UPSC eligibility, application process or the exam procedure, UPSC has been rigorous in its working. Also, UPSC constantly updates its UPSC exam trends to recruit dynamic candidates for the administrative positions. So, this has set a high standards for recruitment process in India.