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A great man is different from an eminent one in that he is ready to be the servant of the society. - B.R.Ambedkar
UPSC IAS

About IAS Officer – Indian Administrative Service

About IAS officer, Responsibilities, Duties
Indian Administrative service (IAS) - The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is a branch of the Indian Civil Service, Supreme services of Government of India.
Roles and Responsibilities of IAS officers will vary from position to position which depends on the posting to particular Department and positions. Overall Following are the few general Roles and Responsibilities of IAS officer
  • Advising and Decision making
  • To collect revenue and function as court officials in matters of revenue and crime
  • To maintain law and order
  • To Implement union and state government policies at the grass-roots level when posted to field positions
  • Intermediation - And to act as an agent of the government in the field, To act as an intermediary between the public and the government
  • To handle the administration and daily proceedings of the government
  • Including the formulation and implementation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge of a specific ministry or department
  • To contribute to policy formulation, and to make a final decision in certain matters, with the agreement of the minister concerned or the council of ministers (depending upon the weight of the matter)

IAS Officers Hierarchy Promotions

CABINET SECRETARY (Top most post)
CHIEF SECRETARY
PRINCIPAL SECRETARY
JOINT SECRETARY
DISTRICT MAGISTRATE / DISTRICT COLLECTOR
ADDITIONAL DISTRICT MAGISTRATE / ADDITIONAL COLLECTOR
SUB DIVISIONAL MAGISTRATE (SDM) / JOINT COLLECTOR
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Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC IPS

About Indian Police Service (IPS)

About IPS Duties and Promotions of IPS Officer
Indian Police service is one of the All India Civil services, the service was envisaged to command and provide leadership to state police forces and the union territories and also Central Armed Police Forces (BSF, SSB, CRPF, CISF, & ITBP) and Central Police Organizations. IPS officers played a key role in formation of Central armed Police Forces and their subsequent growth.
Roles and Responsibilities of IPS officer
The current roles and functions of an Indian Police Service Officer are as follows
  • To fulfill duties based on border responsibilities,
  • Maintenance of public peace and order, crime prevention, investigation, and detection, collection of intelligence, VIP security,
  • Counter-Terrorism, Border Policing, Railway Policing, Tackling Smuggling, Drug trafficking, economic offences,
  • Corruption in public life, disaster management, enforcement of socio-economic legislation, bio-diversity and protection of environmental laws etc.
Leading and commanding the Indian Intelligence Agencies like
  • Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW),
  • Intelligence Bureau (IB),
  • Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI),
  • Criminal Investigation Department (CID) etc.,
  • Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies,
  • Civil and Armed Police Forces in all the states and union territories.
Leading and commanding various Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) Which includes the following-
  • Central Police Organizations (CPO)
  • Border Security Force (BSF)
  • Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
  • Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
  • National Security Guard (NSG)
  • Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
  • Vigilance Organizations and Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies
Human Rights - Mainly to Endeavor and inculcate in the police forces under their command such values and norms as would help them serve the people better.
  • Inculcate integrity of the highest order for Human Values
  • Sensitivity to aspirations of people in a fast-changing Social and Economic milieu
  • Respect for human rights
  • Broad liberal perspective of law and justice and high standard of professionalism

IPS Officers Hierarchy Promotions

DGP / Addl. DGP (Top most post)
INSPECTOR GENERAL ( I G )
DEPUTY INSPECTOR GENERAL ( D I G )
SUPERINTENDENT ( SP Sr. Grade )
SUPERINTENDENT ( SP )
ADDITIONAL SUPERINTENDENT ( ASP )
DEPUTY SUPERINTENDENT ( DSP )
Assistant SUPERINTENDENT
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Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC IFS

About IFS (Indian Forest Service)

Profile, Duties and Promotions of IFS Officer
Indian Forest Service is one among Indian Civil Services.
The main mandate of the service is the implementation of the National Forest Policy in order to ensure the ecological stability of the country through the protection and participatory sustainable management of natural resources.
An IFS officer is wholly independent of the district administration and exercises administrative, judicial and financial powers in his own domain
Roles and Responsibilities of IFS officer
  • Safe guarding the Ecology and Environment System
  • Maintaining Law and Order of Forest and Conservation
  • Protection and Management of Natural Resources
  • To safe guard the lives of Nature

IFS Indian forest service Hierarchy Promotions

Director General of Forests (Top most post)
Principal Chief Conservator of Forests
Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests
Chief Conservator of Forests
Conservator of Forests / Chief Wildlife Warden
Deputy Conservator of Forests
Probationary Officer / Assistant Conservator of Forests
(While joining your journey starts from here)
Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC IFS

About: Indian Foreign Service (IFS) - Profile, Duties and Promotions of IFS Officer

IFS officer is the administrative diplomatic civil service under Group A and Group B of the Central Civil Services of the executive branch of the Government of India.
It is a Central Civil service as Foreign policy is the subject matter and prerogative of Union Government.
The Ambassador, High Commissioner, Consul General,
"Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations and Foreign Secretary are some of the offices held by the members of this service."
The administrative head of the service is the Foreign Secretary, and the Political Head of the service is the External Affairs Minister.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of IFS Officer Functions
  • Representing India in embassies, high commissions, consulates and permanent missions to organisations like the United Nations.
  • Protecting India's national interests in the country where he/she is posted.
  • Promoting friendly relations with the said country and also with its people including PIOs/NRIs.
  • Reporting accurately on the developments in the country of posting, which are likely to influence India.
  • Negotiating agreements on issues with the authorities of the country of his/her posting.
  • Extending consular facilities to foreigners and Indian nationals abroad.
  • In the Ministry of External Affairs, the officer is responsible for all aspects of external affairs such as bilateral political and economic work, policy manning, multilateral organizations, legal matters, protocols, regional groupings, consular affairs, disarmament, Indian diaspora, press and publicity, administration, etc.

IFS Career Growth, Promotional Hierarchy structure of IFS officer

Secretary (Top most post)
Ambassador / High Commissioner
Minister / DCM Ambassador
Director
First Secretary
Second / First Secretary
Attache / Third Secretary
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Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian P & T Accounts & Finance

About: Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service Profile, Duties and Promotions of Indian P & T Accounts Officer

Indian Post & Telecommunication Accounts and Finance Service (I P & T AFS) Group 'A' was constituted in 1973. It is an organized Accounts and Finance Service and caters to the Department of Telecom & Department of Posts. This position carries with it a definite responsibility for posting in throughout the country.
Duties or Roles and responsibilities of the Indian P &T Accounts service
  • Assessment and Collection of License fee and Spectrum usage charges paid by Telecom Licensers.
  • Spectrum Auction
  • Policy making in Department of Telecommunications and Department of Posts.
  • Financial Management of Department of Posts and Department of Telecommunications
  • Internal Audit of Department of Telecommunications and Department of Posts.
  • Accounting of Department of Posts and Department of Telecommunications.
  • Pension Management of DoT, DoP, BSNL and MTNL.
  • Human Resourse Development and Capacity Building of IP&TAFS, Group 'A'.

Promotional Hierarchy Structure of Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service

Higher Administrative Grade (Top most post)
Senior Administrative Grade
Junior Administrative Grade
Senior Time Scale
Junior Time Scale
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Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian Audit and Accounts Service

About: Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS) Profile, Duties and Promotions of IA& AS Officer

is an Central Government service, free of control from any executive authority, under the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (Supreme Audit Institution of India). The officers of the Indian Audit and Accounts Service serve in an audit managerial capacity, in the Indian Audit and Accounts Department. IA&AS is responsible for auditing the accounts of the Union and State governments and public sector organizations, and for maintaining the accounts of State governments. Its role is somewhat similar to the US GAO and National Audit Office (United Kingdom).
Duties Roles & Responsibilities of Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS) Officers
  • Serving as IAAS officers at various levels in Indian state capitals.
  • Serving different tenures as IAAS officers in collaboration with the government of India. Physical locations of discharging their duties at overseas locations could include the CAG at London, Washington, Kuala Lumpur, and Rome, New York, etc.
  • Auditing Indian embassies located in foreign shores.
  • Conducting audits of various united nations offices around the globe and in India.
  • Indian government departments and IAAD.
  • Financial advisers and executive advisors to various IAS officers and their higher cadres and high level administrative officers.
  • Various project-wise and government deputations to World Bank and IMF as IA&AS officers.

Promotional hierarchy structure of Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA & AS)

Deputy Accountant General (Top most post)
Accountant General
Principal Accountant General
Additional Deputy CAG post
Deputy CAG post
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Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian Civil Accounts Service

About: Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS) Profile, Duties and Promotions of ICAS Officer

The Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS) is one of the Civil Services of India ("Group A").
ICAS is under the Department of Expenditure in the Union Ministry of Finance. The service was created in 1976 with the purpose of separating Auditing and Accounting functions of the Union Government with deputation and transfer from Indian Audit and Accounts Department. Since 1977,
Personnel are selected from the Civil Services Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission, like all other Central Civil Services.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of ICAS
  • Indian Civil Accounts Organization performs a key role in delivery of financial management services for the Government of India.
  • The organization provides payment services
  • supports the tax collection system
  • performs government wide accounting
  • financial reporting functions
  • Preparation of budget estimates and carries out Internal Audit in civil ministries of the Union Government.
  • Controller General of Accounts (CGA) in Ministry of Finance heads the organization and is responsible for administering this system.
  • The vast expertise available with the ICAS is utilised by the government at various levels of decision making as well as by International Monetary Fund (IMF) in a number of countries for advising on financial management and accounting functions.
  • This service has sanctioned cadre strength of 226 officers who are supported by around 9000 employees professionally qualified in government accounting system.

Promotional Hierarchy structure of Indian Civil Accounts service

Principal Chief Controller General of Accounts (Top most post)
Joint Controller General of Accounts
Deputy Controller General of Accounts
Assistant Controller General
Assistant Controller of Accounts
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Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian Corporate Law Service

About: The Indian Corporate Law Service Profile, Duties and Promotions of Indian corporate law Officer

abbreviated as ICLS, is the regulatory service for the corporate sector in India.
It is one of the Central Civil Services (Group A) and it functions under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India.
The service is entrusted with the responsibility of the implementation of Companies Act,1956, Companies Act, 2013 and The Limited liability Partnership Act, 2008. The overall mandate for the service is to empower and regulate the corporate sector for this country and to protect the rights of the investors, particularly small investors.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of Corporate law services
Work Profile A brief description is provided below:
  1. Registrar of Companies (RoC)
    • Registrars of Companies have jurisdiction over the various States and Union Territories are vested with the primary duty of registering Companies and Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)
    • Ensuring that such companies and LLPs comply with statutory requirements under the Act,.
    • The Ministry exercises administrative control over these offices through the respective Regional Directors
    • The RoC has the power to take action against companies that fail to submit requisite documents in time or for production of incorrect/incomplete information.
    • The registered documents are made available to the Shareholders, Investors and the General public at large through an online portal MCA21 at a payment of nominal fee.
    • The RoC also has suo-moto powers to order for inspection of companies and if deemed necessary,
  2. Official Liquidator (OL)
    • The Official Liquidators are officers appointed by the Central Government and are attached to various High Courts.
    • The Official Liquidators are under the administrative charge of the respective Regional Directors, who supervise their functioning on behalf of the Ministry.
    • The Official Liquidator is responsible for winding up of the companies that are ordered to be wound up by the Hon'ble High Court under several grounds, the most common being the inability to pay its debts.
    • The winding up process includes taking possession of the assets of a company ordered to be wound up, bringing the assets of the company to sale via public auction, recovery of debts due to the company, invitation of claims against the company from the creditors, settlement of claims so received, distribution of funds to the creditors and contributories, prosecution of directors of the company in the event of misfeasance and eventual dissolution of the company.
  3. Regional Directors (RD)
    • The Regional Director (RD) is the head of Regional Directorates and is usually the senior most ICLS Officer in that region.
    • There are seven Regional Directorates spread across the country, each having jurisdiction over several states and Union Territories.
    • The Regional Director supervises the functioning of Registrar of Companies and Official Liquidators that fall within their jurisdiction

Promotional Hierarchy structure of Indian Corporate Law Service

Director General of Corporate Affairs (Top most post)
Regional Director
Secretary, Company Law Board
Official Liquidator
Registrar of Companies
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Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian Defence Accounts Service

About: The Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS) Profile, Duties and Promotions of IDAS Service

was established to provide Financial Advice, Accounts and Audit services to the Defence Services and allied organisations viz.
  • Ordnance Factories
  • Indian Armed Forces - Army, Navy, Air force and Coast guard
  • Military Engineer Services
  • Border Roads Organisation
  • Defence Research and Development Organisation etc.
IDAS officers are Group-A gazetted civilian officers under Government of India, Ministry of Defence.
They are primarily recruited through the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commisiion (UPSC) every year.
The Defence Accounts Department has a history of more than two hundred years having been established to look after the Pay Accounts of Military Services of India. IDAS is one of the Group Á'Central Civil Services of Republic of India. The cadre controlling authority of IDAS is the Ministry of Defence. The selected candidates(IDAS officers) training academy is at Pune(Maharashtra).
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of IDAS
  • IDAS Officers are the one to provide and manage Financial activites in Indian Defence Department
  • Financial Advisors and Decision makers
  • Internal Accounting and Auditing generals
  • The Defence Accounts Department is mandated to provide financial advice, accounts and internal audit to the three Defence Services, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO),Ordnance Factories, Indian Coast Guard and other inter-services organisations.
  • The concurrence of concerned financial advisors from the IDAS cadre at various echelons is needed before any expenditure is undertaken by these organisations under the administrative control of Ministry of Defence.
  • The Controller General of Defence Accounts (CGDA) is the head of the Indian Defence Accounts Service and functions as the Chief Accounts Officer for the Ministry of Defence.

Promotional Structure of IDAS officer

Director General of Accounts (Top most post)
Regional Director
Junior Administrative Grade
Senior Level
Junior Level
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Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian Defense Estates Service

About: The Indian Defense Estates Service Profile, Duties and Promotions of IDES Officer

is Civil Service in the Government of India. Its Cadre Controlling Authority (CCA) is the Ministry of Defence.
Civil Services Examination conducted every year by Union Public Service Commission provides a gateway for entry into this service.
The Service traces its origin to 16 December 1926 and has been constantly evolving since then.
The service was initially known as the Military Lands and Cantonment Service (1926-1983), and then Defence Lands and Cantonment Service (1983-1985). In 1985, it was renamed as the Indian Defence Estates Service. The service is governed by the Indian Defence Estates Service (Group A) Rules, 2013
Roles and Responsibilities of IDES
  • IDES are basically meant for Managing the defence lands.Administering the Cantonment Boards.
  • They are responsible for Developing Cantonments and ensuring health care for all residents, quality schools for all children, social care system for the elderly, differently-abled and the underprivileged sections of society.
  • Resourced information for Economic survey and other surveys which are Conducting a regular survey of defence lands.
  • Direct and indirect Acquiring, hiring and requisitioning immovable properties for defence purposes. Conducting regular audits of defence land.
  • Meant for Maintaining and updating accurate and digitised records of land.
  • Responsible for Preventing and removing encroachments and unauthorized constructions on defence land and Disposing defence land.
  • Held for Handling litigation regarding ownership of defence land.
  • Active Advising the Defence Ministry on matters regarding Cantonments and defence land.

Promotional Structure of IDES (Indian Defence Estate Services)

Director General (Top most post)
Principal Director
Joint Director
Deputy Director
Assistant Director
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Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian Information Service

About: The Indian Information Service (IIS) Profile, Duties and Promotions of IIS Officer

is the administrative civil service under Group A and Group B of the Central Civil Services of the executive branch of the Government of India.
Indian Information Service officers are the media managers of the Government of India.
Most IIS officers work in various media units which are under Ministry of Information and Broadcasting such as DD News, All India Radio, Press Information Bureau, DAVP etc.
During their tenure in Press Information Bureau, they are posted with various Ministries as spokespersons to handle the Ministry's information and communication needs and help in policy formulation.
IIS officers are also posted as spokespersons to various constitutional bodies such as Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Election Commission of India and statutory bodies such as Central Bureau of Investigation.
Besides postings all over India, an IIS officer also gets posted to a few foreign assignments under Prasar Bharati.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of Indian Information Service
They act as a vital communication link between the Government and the people by way of disseminating information and communicating various Government policies and schemes to the public at large; and also collecting and providing valuable feedback to the Government for policy formulation.
  • Responsible of handling the information and communication, the Service enjoys a great diversity in its nature of work and responsibilities.
  • To plan and execute the media strategy to provide publicity to various programmes/schemes of the Government for the welfare of the people across the country.
  • Responsible for Organisation of press conferences and visual publicity campaigns for disseminating information to the people on the various activities and policies of the Government of India through various tools of mass communication.
  • To Control, supervision and guidance to News Services units of All India Radio and DD News including regional news units.
  • To look after administration and coordination work of PIB headquarters and day to day publicity works of the Government.
  • To guide, supervise and control the field publicity units of the Central Government spread across the country and to issue timely directions for effective monitoring and evaluation of field units.
  • To monitor the complex legal issues involved in the verification of titles, registration and circulation for Newspapers in India.

Promotional Structure of IIS (Indian Information Services)

Director General (Top most post)
Principal Director
Joint Director
Deputy Director
Assistant Director
(While joining your journey starts from here)
Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian Ordnance Factories Service

About: The Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS) -

is a civil service of the Government of India. IOFS officers are Gazetted (Group A) defence-civilian officers under the Ministry of Defence. They are responsible for the management of the Indian Ordnance Factories, which provide the defence production capabilities of India.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of IOFS officer
The main functions performed by IOFS officers while at the Indian Ordnance Factories include
  • Product research & development,
  • Project management,
  • Materials management,
  • Production planning and control,
  • Quality control,
  • Supplies management,
  • Industrial safety,
  • Labour welfare,
  • Personnel management,
  • Industrial relations,
  • Management and maintenance of residential estates etc.
In the service of these functions, the IOFS officers interact extensively with:
  • R&D organisations such as ARAI, BARC, BPRD, CSIR, ISRO, DRDO.
  • Quality controlling agencies such as Bureau of Indian Standards, Directorate of Standardization,
  • Directorate General of Quality Assurance (Army)
  • Directorate General of Naval Armament Inspection (Navy)
  • Directorate General of Aeronautical Quality Assurance (Air Force).
  • Inter-Services Organisations such as Military Engineer Services,
  • Defence Exhibition Organisation.
  • Educational institutes such as the IITs, NITs, IIMs, Indian Statistical Institutes.
  • Public Sector Undertakings of the Ministry of Defence: HAL, BEL, BEML, BDL, MDL, GSL, GRSE, Midhani; other Govt. PSUs; various Indian and foreign, private as well as government companies.
  • Industrial and trade associations such as CII, FICCI, ASSOCHAM.
  • Ministries such as the Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Labour, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions and others.
  • Besides, in order to meet the day-to-day operational requirements of the organisation, fulfill various statutory obligations, and ensure the welfare of the workforce employed in the ordnance factories, these officers also interact with the officers of the Indian Armed Forces, Central Armed Police Forces, State Armed Police Forces, Paramilitary Forces of India, Special Forces of India; and other bureaucrats from IAS, IPS, IFS, IFoS, IA&AS, IDAS, IRS, IRTS, etc

Promotional Structure of IOFS (Indian Ordnance and factory service)

Director General (Top most post)
Principal Director
Joint Director
Deputy Director
Assistant Director
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Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
Indian Postal Service

ABOUT : Indian Postal Service (IPoS) Profile, Duties and Promotions of IPoS Officer,

one of the Group “A” Central Civil Services of the Government of India, was formed in 1948. For administrative convenience the postal network of the country is divided into twenty two Postal Circles. The Circles are generally co-terminus with a State with a few exceptions. Each circle is headed by a Chief Postmaster General.
The Circles are further divided into Regions Comprising groups of field units, called Divisions (Postal/ RMS Divisions). Each Region is headed by a Postmaster General. In addition to these twenty two Circles, there is a separate wing called the Army Postal Service (APS) Corps to take care of the postal needs of the Armed Forces. The APS is designated as a separate Circle called the Base Circle and is headed by the Additional Director General, Army Postal Service in the rank of a Major General. The officers’ cadre of the APS is drawn on deputation from the Indian Postal Service.
The country has 1.55 lakh Post Offices comprising General Post Offices, Head Post Offices, Sub Post Offices and Branch Post Offices.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of an IPoS Officer
An IPoS Officer, while posted in field as Junior Time Scale (JTS) Officer either as Senior Superintendent of Post Offices (SSPOs) or Senior Superintendent Railway Mail Service (SSRM), is responsible for overall administration of the Postal/ RMS Division, wherein he / she is posted. A Postal Division is generally co-terminus with one or two/ three revenue districts. The functions of SSPOs/ SSRM broadly include the following:-
  • Effective management and monitoring of postal services and operations in the Division.
  • Administering control overall the Post Offices and Mail Offices in the Division.
  • Planning for optimization and expansion of the postal network in the Division.
  • Technology Management
  • Financial Management
  • Materials Management including upkeep and maintenance of Post Offices, Letter Boxes and Vehicles / Mail Vans, etc.
  • Marketing of various products and services of India Post including Banking and Insurance Products.
  • Customer relations and Public Grievance Redressal Mechanism
  • Coordination with District, Police and other public authorities
  • Personnel Management, Recruitment, Transfer, Promotion and Disciplinary matters of employees and staff relations.

Promotions Hierarchy Structure of Indian Postal Service

Director General (Top most post)
Senior Superintendent of Post Offices (SSPOs)
Senior Superintendent Railway Mail Service (SSRM)
Chief Postmaster (CPM)
Assistant Postmaster General (APMG)
(While joining your journey starts from here)
Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian Revenue Service-IT

About: Indian Revenue Service(IRS-IT) Profile, Duties and Promotions of IRS - IT Officer

The Indian Revenue Service often abbreviated to I.R.S., or simply IRS, is the administrative revenue service of the Government of India.
A Central Service, it functions under the Department of Revenue of the Ministry of Finance and is under the administrative direction of the Revenue Secretary and the ministerial command of the Minister of Finance.
The IRS comprises two branches, IRS (Income Taxes) and IRS (Customs and Indirect Taxes), controlled by two separate statutory bodies,
  • The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) and
  • The Central Board of indirect taxes and Customs (CBIC).
The duties of the IRS (IT) include providing tax assistance to taxpayers, pursuing and resolving instances of erroneous or fraudulent tax filings, and formulating and enforcing policy concerning income tax in India. The duties of the IRS (C&IT) include formulation and enforcement of policy concerning the Goods and Services Tax, prevention of smuggling and administration of matters related to Customs and Narcotics.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of IRS IT
  • To overcome the difficulties created by the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
  • Central Board of Revenue Act constituted a Central Board of Revenue – the statutory body with functional responsibilities for the administration of the Income-Tax Act.
  • Commissioners of income tax were appointed for each province and assistant commissioners and tax officers were placed under their control Officers from the Imperial Civil Services (ICS).
  • The Income Tax Service was established in 1944, which was subsequently re-constituted as the Indian Revenue Service (Income Tax) in 1953.
  • The IRS is primarily responsible for collecting and administering direct and indirect taxes accruing to the Government of India.
  • Law enforcement and intelligence organisations like the Central Bureau of Investigation, Research and Analysis Wing, Intelligence Bureau etc.
  • Responsibilities in the Income Tax and Customs Departments - IRS officers are charged with profound responsibilities of identifying the tax evasions.
  • Statutory powers to search for and seize illegally accumulated wealth and arrest the culprits to prevent further evasions.
  • Play a significant role in probing and exposing of many scams in the country IRS officers perform all important border postings and protect the country from smuggling and safeguard its economic borders.
  • Undertake patrolling missions in high seas and preventive operations against piracy and smuggling.

Promotions Hierarchy structure of Indian Revenue Service – IT

Chief Commissioner of Income Tax (Top most post)
Principal Commissioner of Income Tax
Commissioner of Income Tax
Additional Commissioner of Income Tax
Joint Commissioner of Income Tax
Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax
Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax
(While joining your journey starts from here)
Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
Indian Revenue Service- Customs and Indirect Tax

About: Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Indirect Tax)

under the oversight of the Secretary of State for India were split into two arms,
  • The All India Services and
  • The Central Services.Apart from the Central Secretariat,
the more important of these latter were the Railway Services, the Indian Posts and Telegraph Service, and the Imperial Customs Service.
After Independence, the Imperial Customs Service was reconstituted as the Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise) in 1953.
The nature of the service underwent a transformational change which overhauled the administration of indirect taxation in India with the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST).
With the subsumption of several indirect taxes and levies, including Central excise duty and service tax, under the GST, The nomenclature was updated to reflect the changed structure of taxation from IRS (Customs and Central Excise) to IRS (Customs and Indirect Taxes).
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of Indian Revenue Services – (IRS-Customs)
  • Customs officers are majorly responsible for helping to prevent the importation of illegal and/or dangerous goods including
    • Firearms,
    • Drugs,
    • Alcohol,
    • Tobacco and endangered animals.
  • Customs officers enforce legislation to stop smuggling.
  • A customs inspector works in law enforcement, enforcing the laws that govern imports and exports.
  • They inspect those entering and exiting the border.
  • Responsible for goods Importing and Exporting to other countries
  • To maintain regular tax payments of Commercial taxes and GST
  • To increase the value addition to Government of India finance by regular collection of tax
  • Indian Revenue Service officers have been playing a significant role in probing and exposing of many scams in the country.
  • IRS Officers are concerned with the compilation, administration, and policy formation of direct and indirect tax, they are often called as Tax administrators of India.

Promotions and Hierarchy Structure of Indian Revenue service – Customs

Chief commissioner of GST/CUSTOMS (Top most post)
Principal commissioner of GST/CUSTOMS
Commissioner of GST/CUSTOMS
Additional commissioner of GST/CUSTOMS
Joint commissioner of GST/CUSTOMS
Deputy commissioner of GST/CUSTOMS
Assistant commissioner of GST/CUSTOMS
(While joining your journey starts from here)
Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian Revenue Service

About: The Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) Profile, Duties and Promotions of IAS Officer

is a Group 'A' Central Civil Service cadre of the Government of India. The officers of this service are responsible for managing the Human Resources of the Indian Railways and welfare of railway employees and their families. Railways have a work force of about 1.4 million employees. It is the only civil service of its kind in India and it creates a cadre of bureaucrats specialized in human resource management in government of India.
Indian Railway personnel service is meant for the service of people, who are serving for Railways
IRPS officers man the Establishment Directorate and the Personnel department of the Ministry of Railways, at Zonal railway and divisional levels including the railway production units and workshops. While other services in the railway are concerned with the operational or material management of the train, the Personnel Service handles the human resource aspect.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of IRPS
The main functions and responsibility of IRPS Officers in the railway is
  • To recruit staff through RRB/RRC
  • Training of staff
  • Promotion, demotion, transfers etc.
  • Disciplinary actions
  • Retirement, settlement
  • Conducting departmental promotions
  • Managing good industrial relations with trade unions and to see welfare of close to 1.4 million railway employees and their families.
  • Dealing with provisions of various laws and acts such as Industrial dispute Act, Factory Act, Workman Compensation Act, Payment of Wages, Minimum Wages and their implementation. The interpretation of rules and orders is also their responsibility.
  • All matters concerning the welfare of the staff such as:
    • Quarters and colony management
    • canteen/s management
    • Holiday homes
    • consumer societies
    • School/s management
    • clubs
    • Institutes
    • Hospitals etc.
  • To promote cultural activities, sports, scouts and guides etc. They are commissioners of scouts and guides in respective jurisdictions
  • Being responsible for the service, as well as personal issues of the employees, IRPS officer works in close coordination with all other departments in the railways by functioning as consultant and advisor.
Railway is one of the model employers with a large number of welfare measures being implemented to look after the staff and their families. IRPS officer is also the welfare officer in the railways.

Promotions and Hierarchy Structure of Indian Railway Personnel service

Chairman Railway Board/Member staff (Top most post)
Additional Member Staff
Principal Executive Director
Executive Director/Chairperson in RRBs
Director
Joint Director
JTS and STS officers
(While joining your journey starts from here)
Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian Railway Protection Force Service

About: The Indian Railway Protection Force Service (IRPFS), Profile, Duties and Promotions of IRFS

formerly known as the Railway Protection Force (RPF) is a security force, established by the Railway Protection Force Act, 1957 enacted by the Indian Parliament for "The better protection and security of railway property and passenger area".It has the power to search, arrest, investigate and prosecute offences committed under Railway Property (Unlawful Possession) Act 1966, The Railways Act,1989 (amended from time to time). However the power of arrests under other penal laws rests in the hands of the Government Railway Police. The force is under the authority of the Indian Ministry of Railways.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of IRPS
To protect and safeguard railway property and to combat crime against it;
  • To do any other act conductive to better protection and security of railway property;
  • To remove any obstruction in the movement of railway property; and
  • To perform other functions of an armed force of the Union and to exercise powers of a railway servant as conferred by or under the Indian Railways Act, 1890.
  • To identify potential situations where crime can take place (against railway property, be it static, in-transit or mobile) and effect remedial measures
  • Facilitate passenger-travel and security by removing all anti-social elements from trains, railway premises and passenger area.
  • Remain vigilant to prevent trafficking in women and children and take appropriate action to rehabilitate destitute children found in Railway areas.
  • Co-operate with other departments of the Railways in improving the efficiency and image of the Indian Railways.
  • Act as a bridge between the Government Railway Police/local police and the Railway administration.
  • Adopt proactively all modern technology, best human rights practices, management techniques and special measures for protection of female and elderly passengers and children, in the pursuit of these objectives.
  • To register and take up enquires under the Railway Property (Unlawful Possession) Act 1966, apprehend the offenders & participate in subsequent legal proceedings.

Promotional Hierarchy structure of Indian Railways Protection service

Director General of Police (Top most post)
Additional Director General (ADG)
Principal Chief Security Commissioner
Additional Chief Secretary Commissioner
Deputy Chief Security Commissioner
Divisional Security Commissioner
Assistant Security Commissioner (ASC)
(While joining your journey starts from here)
Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian Railway Traffic Service

About: Indian Railway Traffic service profile, Duties and Promotions

Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS) is one of the eight organized Group 'A' services in the Ministry of Railways. Earlier called Officers of the Superior Revenue Establishment of the Traffic, Transportation and Commercial Department of Indian Railways, IRTS in its present form was re- constituted in 1967.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of an Indian Railway Traffic service
An IRTS officer coordinates the production and sale of transportation output and manages the customer interface of railways. There are two main streams of Traffic Department, Operations and Commercial, where these officers are posted. Immediately after the training, the officers are designated as Assistant Operations Manager or Assistant Commercial Manager and posted to one of the divisions of Indian Railways.
The role of an IRTS officer in the operating department is that of ensuring smooth and fast transportation of freight and passengers.
He or she ensures optimum utilization of assets maximizing output with least inputs. This is achieved by coordinating with the service departments looking after various assets of railways like track, wagons, engines, signals, etc.
He/she then combines the outputs of the various departments maintaining the assets - rolling stock and fixed infrastructure to produce a service output - passenger or freight. In the commercial department,
  • An IRTS officer is connected with sales, pricing, marketing and service elements of the passenger business and freight business. The information technology requirement of passenger ticketing is also managed by an IRTS officer in the zonal headquarters.
  • The role changes depending on where an officer is placed in the organization - in the division , the zone or the railway board . In addition, an IRTS officer also has the opportunity to serve in other Ministries under the Central Staffing Scheme and in PSUs.
  • At the Railway Board level, the traffic department is headed by Member(Traffic), who is a secretary level officer.
  • He is assisted by Additional Members/ Advisors who are of the rank of HAG+/HAG officer. At present, there are additional member(s)/advisor(s), each for the commercial, traffic, computerization and information systems, tourism and catering wings of the traffic department. Within each wing, there are directorates which are headed by an Executive Director, a SAG rank officer.
  • Some of the directorates are traffic, commercial(rates), planning, coaching, passenger marketing, statistics and economics (under Financial commissioner), freight marketing, public grievances, computerization and information systems, tourism and catering.

Promotional Hierarchy structure of Indian Railways Protection service

Chairman Railway Board (Top most post)
General Manager/Member Traffic
Advisor
Executive Director
Director
Deputy Director
Assistant Director
(While joining your journey starts from here)
Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian Railway Accounts Service

About: The Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS; Profile, Duties and promotions about IRAS

IRAS - is one of the premier Group A / Class - 1 Central Service of the Government of India.
The Officers of this Service are responsible for the Accounts and Finance Management of the Indian Railways.
About 25-30 IRAS officers are recruited every year through Civil Services Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission,
The Indian Railways (IR) has been a vital component of the social, political and economic life of the country. IR's transportation network has played a key role in weaving India into a nation. This network has not only integrated markets but also people across the length and breadth of this huge country.
IR's role in times of war and natural calamities has also been commendable: it has always risen to the occasion and transported men and materials in large numbers at short notice. It is because of these reasons that IR is one of the foremost institutions of the country today.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of an IRAS
  • The Finance and Accounts functions are integrated with the executive at all levels in the Railways. At the apex level of policy formulation, the Financial Commissioner, Railways, assisted by Additional Member (Finance), Additional Member (Budget), Adviser (Finance) and Adviser (Accounting Reforms) in–charge of Budgeting, Expenditure, Earnings, Accounting and Accounting Development/Reforms, is there to aid and guide the Ministry of Railways (Railway Board).
  • At the Zonal level, the General Manager is aided by the Financial Adviser and Chief Accounts Officer along with his assistants.
  • At the Divisional level, which is only an administrative unit of a Zonal Railway, an identical arrangement exists to assist the Divisional Railway Manager in finance and accounts matters.
  • Besides the major production units and workshops, be they manufacturing units or repair and maintenance units, have an inbuilt system of associate finance and accounts.
  • The stores organisation, which is responsible for procurement of stores and materials worth thousands of crores of rupees, is again assisted by Finance & Accounts. In short, there is hardly any sphere of railway activity with which the Accounts and Finance organisation is not directly associated in the decision-making process. In addition,
  • officers of the Service also occupy management posts such as Divisional Railway Managers, Additional General Managers etc.
  • IRAS cadre of Indian Railways is responsible for the Finance and Accounting functions of the Railways.
  • Core functions of this cadre include maintenance of accounts of Indian Railways and Financial Advice to the executive.
  • At the zonal level, IRAS officers are designated as Financial Advisor and Chief Account Officers
  • while at the Division level, they are Divisional Finance Managers. Budget Management, Expenditure Control, Earnings Accountal, Financial scrutiny of various executive proposals are some of the functions performed by IRAS officers.
  • Every expenditure in Indian Railways has to pass through Financial scrutiny.
  • The IRAS cadre exercises substantial control over the affairs of the Indian Railways.
  • Officers of Indian Railway Accounts Service serve in various government ministries on deputation as Deputy Secretary/Director, Joint Secretary, Additional Secretary.
  • They are also sent to various Public Sector undertakings on deputation to hold finance portfolios.

Promotional Hierarchy Structure of Indian Railway Accounts service

Financial Commissioner (Top most post)
Coordinating financial advisor & CAO
Financial advisor & CAO
Sr. Divisional Accounts Officer
Sr. Divisional Accounts Officer
Divisional Accounts Officer
Assistant Divisional Accounts Officer
(While joining your journey starts from here)
Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Indian Trade Service

About: The Indian Trade Service (ITS),

Group ‘A’ Civil Service, was created as a specialized cadre to handle India's international trade & commerce Import and Export Trade Control Organization, Member of Parliament) in 1965.
At present Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), under Ministry of Commerce, is the cadre controlling authority of the ITS. DGFT has 38 regional offices across India, and plays a significant role in promoting India's international trade with its policy formulation and implementation.
The Department of commerce is headed by a Secretary who is assisted by a Special Secretary & Financial Adviser, three Additional Secretaries, thirteen Joint Secretaries and Joint Secretary level officers and a number of other senior officers. Keeping in view the large increase in workload in matters related to World Trade Organization (WTO), Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs), free trade agreements (FTAs), Special Economic Zones (SEZs), joint study groups (JSGs) etc., two posts each of Joint Secretaries and Directors were created in the Department.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of Indian Trade Service
The Department is functionally organized into the following nine Divisions
  • International Trade Policy Division
  • Foreign Trade Territorial Division
  • Export Products Division
  • Export Industries Division
  • Export Services Division
  • Economic Division
  • Administration & General Service Division
  • Finance Division
  • Supply Division
The main role of ITS officers can be divided into five parts
  • Policy formulation in the area of International trade
  • Trade Policy implementation
  • Export promotion through various initiatives
  • International trade negotiations and commercial diplomacy
  • Miscellaneous and allied responsibilities

Promotional Hierarchy structure of Indian Trade service

Addl Director General of Foreign Trade (Top most post)
Jt. Director General of Foreign Trade
Sr. Divisional Accounts officer
Joint Director General of Foreign Trade
Deputy Director General of Foreign Trade
Assistant Director General of Foreign Trade
(While joining your journey starts from here)
Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service

About: The Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (AFHQ CS)

was constituted in 1968; to set up dedicated administrative pillars, which are quintessential in the functioning of the Ministry of Defence.
The officers of the Service serve in the Integrated Headquarters of the Armed Forces, Integrated Defence Staff Headquarters, various Inter-Services Organisations and the Ministry of Defence.
AFHQ CS officers are dealing with the subjects such as personnel administration, policy planning, budget, logistic, pension, legal matters etc.
The duty posts of the Service are majorly located in Delhi; however certain cadre posts are also authorized at various locations in India. The JS & CAO is the Cadre Controlling Authority of the Service.
Duties or Role & Responsibilities of Officer:
The Department is functionally organized into the following nine Divisions
  • A Section is the basic constituent from where the government decisions are initiated and the Section Officer plays a pivotal role in the process. Holistically,
  • the Section Officer will be responsible for managing the work and staff of the Section. Generally,
  • She/He will be initiating files for proposals/decisions after analyzing the existing policies on the subject.
  • As a Section Officer in the AFHQ CS, the officer will be instrumental in administration and management of the Integrated Headquarters of the Ministry of Defence (Army, Navy and Air), Integrated Defence Staff Headquarters, the Inter- Service Organisations under the Ministry of Defence and the Secretariat of the Ministry of Defence and implementing the orders of Government of India.

Promotional Structure and Hierarchy of AFHQS

Addl Director General (Top most post)
Principal Director/Joint Secretarate
Director
Joint Director/ Secretary
Deputy Director/ Under Secretary
Section Officer
(While joining your journey starts from here)
Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
UPSC Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Civil) Services

About: Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Civil) Services (DANICS) – Profile, Duties, salary and promotions of DANICS -

The Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Civil) Services (DANICS) provide officers to administer the Civil Administration of the Union Territory segments, i.e. Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. DANICS officers are liable to be transferred from one Union Territory to the other. DANICS is governed by DANICS Rules and other Central Civil Services Rules amended from time to time by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) or by Department of Personnel and Training.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of the National Capital Territory of Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli Civil Service.
  • To Implement union and state government policies at the grass-roots level when posted to field positions,
  • Intermediation - And to act as an agent of the government in the field, To act as an intermediary between the public and the government
  • To handle the administration and daily proceedings of the government,
  • Including the formulation and implementation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge of a specific ministry or department
  • To maintain law and Order
  • To maintain Peace

Promotional Hierarchy structure of DANICS

Senior Level Administration (Top most post)
Junior Level Administration
Selection Grade
Entry Level
(While joining your journey starts from here)
Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Police) Services (DANIPS)
The Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Police) Services (DANIPS) provide officers to administer the Police Administration of the Union Territory segments, i.e. Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. DANIPS officers are liable to be transferred from one Union Territory to the other. DANIPS is governed by DANIPS Rules and other Central Civil Services Rules amended from time to time by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) or by Department of Personnel and Training.
Duties or Roles and Responsibilities of the National Capital Territory of Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli Police Service.
  • To Implement union and state government policies at the grass-roots level when posted to field positions,
  • Intermediation - And to act as an agent of the government in the field, To act as an intermediary between the public and the government
  • To handle the administration and daily proceedings of the government,
  • Including the formulation and implementation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge of a specific ministry or department
  • To maintain law and Order
  • To maintain Peace

Promotional Hierarchy structure of DANIPS

Senior Level Administration (Top most post)
Junior Level Administration
Selection Grade
Entry Level
(While joining your journey starts from here)
Note: Hierarchy Promotions happens from bottom to top as shown above.
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