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KAS Prelims Concepts


Ancient India


  • Indus Valley civilization
  • Vedic Period
  • Religious Movement
  • Mahajanapadas
  • Foreign Aggressions
  • Maurya
  • Post Maurya
  • Sangam Age
  • Gupta
  • Post Gupta

Medieval India


  • Delhi Sultanate
  • Kingdoms of North & South India
  • Vijayanagar & Bahmani
  • Religious Reform Movement
  • Mughal Empire
  • Sikh & Marathas

Modern India


  • Later Mughals
  • Advent of Europeans
  • British Reforms, Viceroy & Foreign Policy
  • Revolts 1857 & Peasant Movement
  • Social Reforms
  • Freedom Struggle
  • Revolutionaries

INDIAN CULTURE AND HERITAGE


  • Society, Culture and Tradition of India
  • Indian Architecture, Sculpture & Pottery
  • Indian Painting
  • Performing art (Music/Dance/Theatre/ Circus)
  • Language and literature
  • Philosophy and religion
  • Historical Places
  • Fair and Festivals of India
  • Socio-Religious Movement
  • Indian cinema and calendar
  • UNESCO’s World heritage list

INDIAN POLITY


  • Constitutional Framework
  • Historical background & making of the constitution
  • Preamble of the constitution
  • Union and its territory
  • Citizenship
  • Fundamental rights
  • Directive principles of state policy
  • Fundamental duties
  • Amendment of the constitution
  • System of government
  • Parliamentary system and federal system
  • Centre state relations and interstate relations
  • Emergency provisions
  • Central government
  • President and vice president
  • Prime ministers, council of ministers and their committees
  • Parliament and parliament committees
  • Supreme court and their activism
  • Administrative structure and reform
  • State government
  • Governor
  • Chief minister and council of ministers
  • State legislature assembly and legislature council
  • High court and district courts
  • Local government
  • Panchayati raj
  • Urban local governments (municipalities)
  • Union territories and special areas (scheduled and tribal areas)
  • Constitutional bodies
  • Non constitutional bodies
  • Other constitutional dimensions
  • Political dynamics
  • Amendment bill and Acts

WORLD GEOGRAPHY


  • The universe and the solar system
  • Geomorphology
  • Climatology
  • Oceanography
  • Biogeography
  • Africa
  • Antarctica
  • Asia
  • Australia and Oceania
  • Europe
  • Largest islands of the world
  • Rivers and dams of the world
  • World economic geography
  • Agriculture and irrigation
  • Human geography

INDIAN GEOGRAPHY


  • Physiographical regions and geological structure
  • Drainage system
  • Climate
  • Soils
  • Natural vegetation & environment structure
  • Irrigation
  • Mineral & marine resources
  • Power resources
  • Industry
  • Population
  • Urbanization
  • Language
  • Transports
  • Tribes

ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY


  • Environment ecology
  • Environment pollution
  • Renewable energy
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate change and global warming
  • Agriculture system
  • Institutions Act and policies
  • Environmental issues and health effects

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT


  • Economy of India and outline
  • National income
  • Human development
  • Economic growth and development
  • Poverty and unemployment
  • Public finance
  • Inflation and deflation
  • Monetary policy of RBI
  • Financial system money investment stock exchange, infrastructure and banking (banking reform)
  • Fiscal policy
  • Import and export
  • Economic planning in India
  • New economic policies of 1991
  • Financial inclusion
  • External sector trade and capital
  • Industrial sector
  • Broad sectors, allied sector and food security system
  • Demographical structure
  • Power sector
  • International market and institutions in India economy
  • Government scheme

PHYSICS


  • Astronomy
  • Unit of measurement
  • Motion
  • Work energy and power
  • Gravitation
  • General properties of matter
  • Wave and wave motion
  • Heat and temperature
  • Light
  • Electricity
  • Electronics
  • Radioactivity (radioactive decay)
  • Magnetic and magnetism

CHEMISTRY


  • Matter
  • Atomic structure
  • Chemical bonding & chemical reaction
  • Acids, bases and salts
  • Classification of elements
  • Metals, nonmetals and metallurgy
  • Coal and petroleum
  • Fuel and flames
  • Electrochemistry
  • Air, water, soil and their pollution
  • Carbon and its compound
  • Man made materials
  • Industrial names of some important compounds

BIOLOGY


  • Origin of life and living organisms
  • Cells
  • Biological evolution (origin of human)
  • Classification of organism
  • Heredity and inheritance
  • Human body (system and structure)
  • Respiratory system
  • Excretory system
  • Nervous system
  • Human sense organs
  • Human circulatory system
  • Human heart
  • Skelton system
  • Human reproductive system
  • Human diseases and their treatment
  • Common drugs
  • Diseases of domestic animals
  • Protein and vitamin (nutrients)
  • Endocrine system

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY


  • Energy and neutrino observatory
  • Nuclear technology
  • Information technology
  • Communication system
  • Space technology
  • Material technology
  • Environment technology
  • Defence
  • Biotechnology
  • Public health nutrition & DNA technology
  • Agricultural technology

INTERNATIONAL RELATION & ORGANISATION


  • Making and origin of the Indian foreign policy
  • Indian and its neighborhood relations
  • Bilateral regional and global grouping and agreement
  • International institutions / organization
  • Diplomacy (National security, nuclear, economics and cultural)
  • International issues
  • United nations
  • Organizations treaties and associations promote disarmament
  • Cold war/ other wars
  • Summits / meetings / conferences

KARNATAKA HISTORY


  • Early History and the Shatavahanas
  • The Kadambas and the Gangas
  • The Chalukyas of Badami
  • The Rashtrakutas
  • The Chalukyas of Kalyana and the Kalachuris
  • The Hoysalas
  • The Four Acharyas and Their Teachings
  • The Vijayanagara Empire
  • The Muslim Dynasties, the Portuguese
  • Keladi, Mysore, Chitradurga, Yelahanka and Muslims
  • Modern Mysore, the Nizam
  • Violent Resistance, Renaissance and Backward Classes’ Movement
  • Movement for Freedom and Unification