When nature calls, we use a toilet but 4.5 billion people across the globe don’t have one. While the world fights for gender equality and women empowerment, lack of toilets threat the basic dignity of women. Moreover, human waste untreated spreads killer diseases.

To address this crisis UN voted for the resolution A/RES/67/291 with the title “Sanitation for all” and dedicated 19th November as World Toilet Day. World Toilet Day 2018 will be on 19th November, Monday. Even though other international communities and organization marked World toilet day, UN made it as an official UN day in 2013.

Why toilet day is celebrated?

  • World toilet day is an initiative to inspire people to act and break the taboos around toilets because toilets save
  • It’s a day to encourage government and other stakeholders to implement policies, so people have better access to sanitization and avoid open-air defecation which puts public health in risk.

World Toilet day Facts

As per the reports of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

  • More than 60% of the global population (4.5 billion) have no access to a safe toilet and around 892 million people are yet practicing open defecation.
  • Worldwide around one-third of schools don’t have any toilet facility and 900 million students have no access to proper hygiene materials like handwashes.
  • 80% of the world’s wastewater is untreated which flows back to the ecosystem.
  • 8 billion people get drinking water from a water source which is not protected from feces contamination.

UN Sustainable Development Goals: Goal 6

  • In the sustainable development goals, UN has dedicated goal 6 to tackle global sanitization problems and wastewater
  • The deadly disease caused by the untreated human waste will be hazardous for global health, education and economic sustainability.
  • UN aims to eradicate open defecation practice and to find possible solutions for wastewater treatment by 2030.

Sanitization in India

  • More than 59% rural and 8% urban parts of India didn’t have proper sanitization facility in 2012. India was on top of the countries in the world where open defecation was practiced (Around 600 million people).
  • Indian government took the initiative of ‘Swachh Bharath Abhiyan’ to face the challenges of sanitization in 2014. Since then many have volunteered to fight the sanitization problem and cleaning the country.
  • Swachh Bharath Abhiyan is a joint mission of Secretary, Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) which aims to make India open defecation free by 2019.
  • Now 95.5% of India is free from open defecation practice with 8,79,29,059 household toilets built across the country. 5,18,938 villages and 25 states and union territories of India are free from open defecation.

World Toilet day activities

Many world toilet day activities are organized around the world by world toilet organization, Governments, communities, schools and NGOs. Educative programs, walkathons, sanitization talk and discussion, and more activities are organized across the globe for world toilet day celebration. ‘Urgent Run’ is organized every year in many countries to spread the awareness of sanitization.

World Toilet day Theme

  • For every world toilet day, UN sets a world toilet day theme to focus global efforts. The world toilet day 2017 theme was ‘wastewater’ to promote wastewater treatment and reuse.
  • The world toilet day 2018 theme is “When nature calls”. This theme aims to eradicate open defecation and use nature help for treating the human waste called as Nature Based sanitation solution (NBS).
  • Nature-Based sanitation solution (NBS): Utilizing the ecosystem power like man-made wetlands and reed beds to treat human waste before its dumped to the environment.

Other World Toilet Day theme

Year Theme
2013 Tourism and Water: Protecting our Common Future
2014 Equality and Dignity
2015 Toilets and Nutrition
2016 Toilets and Jobs
2017 Wastewater
2018 When nature calls

World toilet day in India

Many World Toilet Day activities are conducted in India to spread the awareness of sanitization in rural areas and to boost the efforts of people fighting for the cause. Official events are organized in New Delhi. Many unique and fun ways of promotion for using toilets and breaking taboos are organized for world toilet day celebration in India.

‘Access to clean toilets are is basic human right and maintain hygiene is everyone’s duty’ Himalai IAS coaching wants to spread this word on world toilet day as part of our India with world events.