World Refugee Day
Every year on June 20th World Refugee Day held, in order to commemorate the strength, courage and perseverance of millions of refugees. Himalai IAS Coaching Centre in Bangalore aims is to bring awareness about current affairs for the Civil Services Exam like IAS exam, KAS exam, banking exams and other competitive exams.
Who is a refugee?
According to United Nations Refugee Conventions 1951, a refugee is someone who leaves his/her country owing to a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, political or opinion membership in a particular social group. World Refugee Day 2020 celebrated to support those people who flee for their lives for each day from their country.
There are several people across the world that forcibly leaves their home country due to the following reasons and they are honoured in this World Refugee Day 2020 for their contributions.
- Stateless Persons: The person who does not have a recognized nationality and does not belong to any country is a Stateless Person. Statelessness situations caused due to discrimination against certain groups, their lack of identification, lack of citizenship certificate, etc. and they also excluded from the access of important government services like employment, education, health services etc.
- Returnees: Former of refugees are returnees who return to their own country after time in exile. In order to rebuild their lives, they need continuous support and reintegration assistance.
- Asylum seekers: Their claim as refugees not yet definitely evaluated in the country to which they fled but they say they are refugees and have fled their homes as refugees.
- Internally Displaced Person (IDP): The people who moved to a different region than the one they call home within their own country and have not crossed an international border.
UN Action for World Refugee Day
1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol
1951Convention contains a number of rights and duty of refugees towards their host country The 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol help protect refugees. According to the principle of Convention, a refugee should not go back to a country where he or she faces major threats to his/her life or freedom.
World Refugee Day History
- World Refugee Day first marked in 2001 June 20th to recognize and praise the contributions of people who are forcibly displaced.
- Many countries are celebrating their own refugee days and weeks, in this Africa Refugee Day most widespread which is on 20th June.
- On 4 December 2000, UN General Assembly adopted resolutions 55/7, in which 2001 marked the 50th anniversary of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and thus Organization of African Unity (OAU) had agreed to have World Refugee Day coincide with African Refugee Day on 20th June. After that UN General Assembly designated 20th June as World Refugee Day.
- To show that global public stands for refugees who leave their home country for lives because of violence, the UN Refugee Agency launched the With Refugees petition in June 2016 to message to governments that they must work together and do fair to refugees.
World Refugee Day Theme
- World Refugee Day 2020 theme is “Every action counts”. The heath pandemic COVID 19 and the recent anti-racism protests have shown us how urgently we have to fight for a more inclusively and equal world: a world where nobody is left behind.
- #Step with Refugees-Take a Step on World Refugee Day was World Refugee Day 2019 theme.
- On World Refugee Day 2018 theme was “Now More Than Ever, We Need to Stand with Refugees.”
The UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR, in participation with Twitter and 22-year-old Ivorian artist O’Plérou for the launch of the World Refugee Day 2020 emoji. The emoji is with the shape of the heart, two hands connected together represents solidarity and diversity.
World Refugee Day is marked on 20 June every year to celebrate the courage and resilience of 10 million individuals compelled to escape their homes because of war or persecution.