• World leprosy day is celebrated to create the awareness of the leprosy disease and its effects, especially on children.
  • Not only leprosy, early detection of any disease always gives a high advantage in treatment. Creating awareness about the symptoms of disease and precautions will help in disease prevention and transmission.
  • In 2015, there were 212000 leprosy cases in the world and the majority of them were from India. Other highly affected countries include Brazil and Indonesia.
  • World leprosy day is observed on last Sunday of January. The world leprosy day 2019 will be on 29 January 2019.

Know about Leprosy

  •  Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by a bacteria known as Mycobacterium The Disease is also called as the Hansen’s disease.
  • Leprosy is not restricted by any age limit and can affect anyone. The affected parts include skin, peripheral nerves, respiratory system, and
  • Leprosy is a curable disease but severe infection results in disabilities.
  • The symptoms of leprosy can be mainly detected on the skin like disfiguring, sores, lumps, and pale colored skin.
  • Nerve damage can be deducted through loss of feeling in arms & legs or muscle weakness. The symptoms may surface after years of contact with the infectious bacteria, which make it hard to detect the source of disease.
  • The mode of leprosy transmission is through the respiratory
  • Leprosy is curable through MDT- Multi-Drug Therapy (Using a combination of drugs), the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends ‘rifampicin, clofazimine, and dapsone’.

Indian government initiatives in eradicating leprosy

  • In India, medicine and treatment for leprosy are provided at free of cost at all government dispensaries.
  • National leprosy control programme was established in the year 1955. The programme was reformed into National leprosy eradication programme in the year 1983, after the introduction of MDT.
  • The aim of this programme is to eradicate leprosy completely from the country.
  • In 2005 leprosy has been completely eradicated from the country but still, around 57% of leprosy-affected persons live in India.
  • 23% that is 554 districts of the country have achieved leprosy elimination by March 2017.
  • As a part of world leprosy day in India, Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched ‘Sparsh Leprosy Awareness Campaign’ to be conducted every year from 30th January till 13th February.

World Leprosy day celebration

World leprosy eradication day is celebrated every year with different themes. The world leprosy day 2018 theme was ‘Zero Disabilities in Girls and Boys’. The theme aims at protecting the younger generation from getting affected by the disease.

The anti-leprosy day is observed with many awareness camps across the world. Events are organized by both WHO and by National governments. Educative camps are organized by NGO’s and other organization in educating rural people about the disease. Various health camps are also organized across the country.

Leprosy is curable and by spreading awareness we can save lives from disabilities. Himalai IAS coaching wants to create this awareness on the world leprosy day as a part of our India with world events.