WORLD FOOD DAY
- World food day is observed on 16th October every year to commemorate the day when United Nation launched of Food and Agriculture Organization.
- The purpose of this day is to promote the significance of food security, avoiding food wastage, maintain a nutritious diet, development of agriculture and more.
- 73rd FAO anniversary or world food day 2018 will be on 16th October 2018, Tuesday.
Food and Agriculture Organization
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is an initiative by UN to defeat global hunger. It serves as an information resource as well as a global platform for countries to share and debate about world food security.
Achievements of FAO Over the years
FAO works to eliminate hunger, malnutrition, and poverty in a sustainable manner. Since its establishment in 1945, FAO has brought the world closer to this goal by supporting several important achievements
- 1963: Codex Alimentarius an international body established to ensure food standards, safety, and consumer protection.
- 1947-2002: Eradicated River blindness from Africa with coordination of other international bodies and saved 40 million people from risk.
- 2001: Adoption of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources by 135 countries.
- 1974: Establishment of Committee on World Food Security (CFS)
- 1990-2014: In 25 years Latin America and the Caribbean region’s hunger have been halved by FAO’s efforts.
- 1994-2011; Eradication of Rinderpest
- 2004: Adoption of “Right to food” in Universal Declaration of Human rights
- 2011: Establishment of Agriculture Market Information System
- 1995: Code of the conduct of responsible fisheries
- 2016: Creation of the Port State Measures Agreement
Sustainable development Goal 2: Zero Hunger
In 17 goals of UN sustainable development goals fighting global hunger “Zero Hunger” takes the second priority after eradication of Global Poverty. To achieve zero hunger by 2030 FAO has taken many initiatives
- Avoiding Wastage of food
- Improving Agricultural growth
- Adoption of Nutritious Diet
- Improving global coordination in achieving ‘Zero Hunger’
World food day theme
To give a purpose for world food day celebration FAO dedicates a theme every year
World food day 2018 Theme “Our actions are our future”
- According to FAO 2018 State of Food Security and nutrition report:
- There are more than 820 million people who suffer from undernourishment whereas there are 672 million obese people and 1.3 billion overweight people.
- This signifies two major concerns a fight to tackle hunger and to promote a nutritious diet. A combined effort from the individual level to global effort is needed to achieve zero hunger.
- Every individual needs to act at a personal level in maintaining a diet, avoiding wastage of food and water and more activities that can benefit everyone.
- The major portion 70% of poor people live in rural areas and depend on agriculture for the lively hood, they need assistance from government and other organization in investments and in the implementation of new technology to produce quality food.
- Zero hunger is beyond any boundary conflict or economic growth, it is the responsibility of everyone. Our actions today will be our future
World Food Day Activities
- Many countries around the world organize world food day activities like in world food day 2017 100 countries participated with over 200 events.
- World food day marches, sports events to encourage healthy lifestyles, concerts, and other entertaining events.
- Seminars, roundtable conferences, and other official world food activities take places around the world.
- FAO has organized World food day 2018 poster contest as an awareness program.
Food statistics of India
- According International Food Policy Research to India stands at 100th position in global health index out of 119 countries
- India produces 277.49 million tons of food grains in the year 2016-2017
- 53% of income from a rural Indian household is spent on food
- 5% of the Indian population is undernutritious
- 53% of Indian women suffer from anemia
There are many Indian government schemes assisting in zero hunger challenge like mid-day meals, agriculture schemes ‘Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana’, implementation of energy efficient irrigation etc.
World Food day in India
- World food day in India is celebrated with many events like # Fight food waste campaign, food exhibition and recipe classes, food serving for hungry people, cooking competition, awareness camp of new technologies among farmers and more events.
- Official collaborative world food day event of FAO, IFAD and WFP organizations will be held at UN House New Delhi on 16th October 2018.
‘We can achieve zero hunger by 2030 if we combine all our effort’ Himalai IAS coaching wants to convey this message on World food day as a part of our India with world events.