UPSC NCRET GEOGRAPHY NOTES: TOPIC WISE SOLVED MCQ’s

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1. Despite having large coal reserves, why does India import millions of tonnes of coal?

1. Steel companies need a large quantity of cooking coal which has to be imported.

2. It is the policy of India to save its own coal reserves for the future, and import it from other countries for the present use.

3. Most of the power plants in India are coal-based and they are not able to get sufficient supplies of coal from within the country.

Select the right answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 only               b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 and 3 only     d) 1,2 and 3

Ans: B

2. The jet aircraft fly very smoothly and easily in the lower stratosphere. What could be the most appropriate explanation?

1. There are no vertical winds in the lower stratosphere.

2. There are no clouds or water vapor in the lower stratosphere.

Select the right answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 only                     b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2          d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: B

3. La Nina is suspected to have caused recent floods in Australia. How is El Nino different from La Nina?

1. El Nino has an adverse effect on the south-west monsoon of India, but La Nina has no effect on monsoon climate.

2. La Nino is characterized by unusually cold ocean temperatures in the equatorial Indian Ocean whereas El Nino is characterized by unusually warm ocean temperatures in the equatorial Pacific Ocean.

Select the right answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 only                b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2     d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: D

4. What is the difference between comets and asteroids?

1. Comets show a perceptible glowing tail, while asteroids do not.

2. steroids are small rocky planetoids, while comets are formed of frozen gases held together by rocky and metallic material.

3. Asteroids are found mostly between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars, while comets are found mostly between Venus and Mercury.

Select the right answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 and 2 only      b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 only               d) 1,2 and 3

Ans: A

5. Westerlies in the southern hemisphere are persistent and stronger than in the northern hemisphere, why?

1. Coriolis force is higher in the southern hemisphere, as compared to the northern hemisphere

2. Southern hemisphere has less landmass as compared to the northern hemisphere

Which of the above-given statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only                 b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2      d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: B

6. Between East Asia and India, the navigation distance and time can be largely reduced by which of the following?

1. Opening a new canal across the Kraisthmus between the Gulf of Siam and the Andaman Sea.

2. Deepening the Malacca straits between Malaysia and Indonesia

Select the right answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 only                b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2      d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: A

7. The lower Gangetic plain is characterized by a humid climate throughout the year, with high temperature. Which among the following pairs of crops is most suitable for this region?

a) Wheat and cotton

b) Paddy and cotton

c) Wheat and Jute

d) Paddy and Jute

Ans: D

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