UPSC NCERT GEOGRAPHY NOTES: TOPIC WISE SOLVED MCQ’s

UPSC GEOGRAPHY :

MALAYSIA & INDONESIA

Analyzing IAS exam pattern, it is evident that candidates should have clear understanding concepts and this is possible through daily IAS preparation.To assist you Himalai IAS coaching is come up with UPSC subject wise most important & expected IAS prelims questions series with answer explanation.You can assess your everyday learning and keep in check with your IAS planning and preparation. We are also providing our daily program list so you can keep track of our Himalai IAS question series updates.

HIMALAI ONLINE TEST COMING SHORTLY

The most awaited Himalai online IAS test series is coming up shortly. With more than 20 years of experience, Himalai IAS coaching has become one of the pioneers in understanding UPSC exam requirements. These exclusive mock tests are a complete package of UPSC expected questions, answers and in-depth explanation of each topic prepared by experts with years of IAS coaching experience. Himalai IAS coaching test series will assess your daily IAS preparation and will be the guiding light throughout your IAS journey. To know more register to Himalai.

 

TOPIC : MALAYSIA & INDONESIA

Q1. Which one of the following statements about Indonesia is not correct?

a) The most intensively cultivated island of Indonesia is java.

b) A volcano of Indonesia which became most well known was Krakatoa.

c) Indonesia is a mountainous land.

d) None of the above.

Ans:     d)

Explanation:    [Indonesia is a mountainous country. Mountain ranges form the back-bone of the chain of islands. There are a number of volcanic mountains. Krakatoa is a well known volcano of Indonesia. After its great eruption in 1883, what remains today is a small island with a lake. Only about one-eighth of the total area of Indonesia is cultivated. The cultivated land is mostly confined to the coastal lowlands and river valleys. Java is the most intensively cultivated island of Indonesia. Hence, the correct answer is option (d)]

Q2. Consider the following statements:

a) Indonesia consists of nearly 3,000 big and small islands.

b) The climate of Indonesia is of the monsoon type.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct.

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans:     a)

Explanation:    [The climate of Indonesia is of equatorial type. Most of the islands are heavily forested. Soils in some parts of Indonesia are very fertile as they have been formed by lava from volcanic activity. Indonesia consists of about 3,0000 big and small islands. They are spread along the equator overt a distance of about 5,000 km from west of east. Hence, the correct answer is option (a)]

Q3. Which one of the following statements about Malaysia is not correct?

a) The country has a typical equatorial type of climate.

b) The natural vegetation of Malaysia consists of thick evergreen forests which occupy three-fourths of the country.

c) The main crop of Malaysia is Tobacco.

d) Rice is the staple food of the people.

Ans:     (c

Explanation:    [The main crop of Malaysia is rubber. Sixty-five percent of the Cultivated land is occupied by rubber trees. Three-fourth of Malaysia is covered with thick evergreen forests. It has a equatorial type of climate i.e. hot and wet. Rice is the staple food of the people of Malaysia. Hence, the correct answer is option (c)]

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. Malaysia and Indonesia face the Indian Ocean on the one hand and the Pacific Ocean on the other.
  2. Malaysia lies south of the equator.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct.

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans:     a)

Explanation:    [Malaysia and Indonesia are two south-east Asian countries with which India has close relations. The location of these countries is important as they face the Indian Ocean one side and Pacific Ocean on the other side. Malaysia lies north of the equator but not far from it. The country includes two widely separated area, the Malay peninsula, which is part of the mainland of Asia and the northern part of Borneo Island. Hence, the correct answer is option (a)]

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. Malaysia includes two widely separated areas – the Malay peninsula and the northern part of Borneo island.
  2. A mountain range forms the backbone of the Malay peninsula.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct.

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans:     c)

Explanation:    [Malaysia lies north of the equator. The country includes two widely separated areas – the Malay peninsula which is part of the mainland of Asia, and the northern part of Borneo Island. The Malay peninsula is peninsula is south-east Asia. The landmass runs approximately north-south and, at its terminus is the southernmost point of the Asian mainland. The Tittiwangsa Mountains are part of the Tenasserim Hills system and form the backbone of the peninsula. They form the southernmost section of the central cordillera which runs from Tibet through the Kra Isthmus into the Malay peninsula. Hence, the correct answer is option (c)]

Q6. Which one of the following statements about Indonesia is not correct?

a) Indonesia is known for its plantation agriculture.

b) It exports rice in large quantities.

c) The majority of the people follow Islam.

d) None of the above.

Ans:     b)

Explanation:    [Indonesia imports rice in such a large quantity that it forms the main item of imports. The majority of the population of Indonesia follow Islam. The Hindus, Buddhists and Christians form small groups. The scientific and commercial type of farming specializing in a single crop is known as plantation agriculture. Indonesia is known for it. Hence, the correct answer is option (b)]

Q7. Match the following:

  1. The world’s largest producer of Cinchona.                  1. Indonesia
  2. The country famous for rubber plantations.                 2. Malaysia
  3. The most cosmopolitan city of south-east Asia.          3. Singapore
  4. The capital of Indonesia                                              4. Jakarta

Code:

A         B          C          D

a) 1         2          3          4

b) 1         2          4          3

c) 3         4          2          1

d) 4         3          1          2

Ans:     (a)

  1. The world’s largest producer of Cinchona.                  1. Indonesia
  2. The country famous for rubber plantations.                 2. Malaysia
  3. The most cosmopolitan city of south-east Asia.          3. Singapore
  4. The capital of Indonesia                                              4. Jakarta

Hence, the correct answer is option (a)]

 

 

Leave a Reply

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>