UPSC NCERT GEOGRAPHY NOTES: TOPIC WISE SOLVED MCQ’s

UPSC GEOGRAPHY : EUROPE Notes Part 4

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TOPIC: EUROPE Part 4

Q1. Which of the following form the natural boundary between Asia and Europe?

  1. Ural mountains
  2. Caucasus mountains
  3. Red sea
  4. Caspian sea.

a) Only 1 and 2

b) Only 3 and 4

c) Only 1, 2 and 3

d) 1, 2 and 4

Ans:     (d)

Explanation:    [Europe is separated from Asia by the Ural mountains, Caucasus mountains and the Caspian sea, Hence, the correct answer is option d)]

Q2. Consider the following pairs:

Countries                     Capitals

  1. Belarus                        Skopje
  2. Latvia                            Riga
  3. Croatia                       Zagreb
  4. Macedonia                   Minsk

Which of the above given pairs are correctly matched?

a) Only 1 and 2

b) Only 2 and 3

c) Only  1, 3 and 4

d) Only 1, 2, 3  and 4

Ans:     (b)

Countries                     Capitals

  1. Belarus                         Minsk
  2. Latvia                            Riga
  3. Croatia                       Zagreb
  4. Macedonia                 Skopje

Hence, the correct answer is option b)

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Among the seven continents Europe ranks fifth in area.
  2. Vatican city is a small and independent state completely surrounded by Rome.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans:     (b)

Explanation:    [The seven continents of world in order of their decreasing size are Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe and Australia, Therefore, Europe ranks sixth in area not fifth. Vatican city is the smallest independent state in the world and the residence of the spiritual leadership of the Roman Catholic church.  Its territory is completely surrounded by the Italian capital Rome. Hence, the correct answer is option b)]

Q4. Consider the following pairs:

Countries                                   Capitals

  1. Czech                                    Republic Sofia
  2. Bulgaria                                     Prague
  3. Bosnia and Herzegovina         Sarajevo
  4. Ukraine                                       Kiev

Which of the above given pairs are correctly matched?

a) Only 1, 2 and 3

b) Only 1, 2 and 4

c) Only  3 and 4

d) Only 1, 2, 3  and 4

Ans:     c)

Countries                                            Capitals

  1. Czech                                         Republic Prague
  2. Bulgaria                                              Sofia
  3. Bosnia and Herzegovina                 Sarajevo
  4. Ukraine                                                Kiev

Hence, the correct answer is option c)]

Q5. Which of the following capitals are correctly arranged from north to south?

a) Oslo, Vilnius, Riga, Minsk

b) Riga, Oslo, Minsk, Vilnius

c) Riga, Oslo, Vilnius, Minsk

d) Oslo, Riga, Vilnius, Minsk

Ans:     d)

Explanation:    [The correctly arranged capitals from north to south are Oslo, Riga, Vilnius and Minsk, Oslo is the capital of Norway Riga, Vilnius and Minsk are the capitals of Latvia, Lithuania and Belarus respectively. Hence corret answer is option d)]

Q6. Which of the following capitals are correctly arranged form east to west?

a) Berlin, Hague, Paris, Madrid

b) Hague, Berlin, Madrid, Paris

c) Paris, Hague, Berlin, Madrid

d) Berlin, Paris, Madrid, Hague

Ans:     a)

Explanation:    [The correctly arranged capitals from east to west are Berlin, Hague, Paris, Madrid, Berlin, Hague, Paris and Madrid are the capitals of Germany, Netherlands, France and Spain respectively, Hence, the correct answer is option a)]

Q7. Which of the following capitals are correctly arranged from west to east?

a) Oslo, London, Kiev, Stockholm

b) London, Oslo, Stockholm, Kiev

c) London, Stockholm, Oslo, Kiev

d) London, Kiev, Oslo, Stockholm

Ans:     b)

Explanation:    [The correctly arranged apitals from wet to eat are London, Oslo, Stockholm and Kiev. London, Oslo, Stockholm and kiev are the capitals of U.K. Norway, Sweden and Ukrain respectively. Hence, the correct answer is option b)]

Q8. Which of the following capitals are correctly arranged from east to west?

a) London, Bern, Dublin, Lisbon

b) Bern, London, Dublin, Lisbon

c) Bern, London, Lisbon, Dublin

d) London, Bern, Lisbon

Ans:     (b)

Explanation:    [The correctly arranged capitals from east to wet are Bern, London, Dublin and Lisbon, Bern, London, Dublin and Lisbon are the capitals of Switzerland, U.K. Ireland and Portugal respectively. Hence, the correct answer is option b)]

Q9. Consider the following pairs:

Mountains/Hills/Plateaus Countries

  1. Meseta Portugal
  2. Massif Central France
  3. Jura Ireland
  4. Black Forest Germany

Which of the above given pairs are correctly matched?

a) Only 1, 2 and 4

b) Only 2 and 3

c) Only  1, 3 and 4

d) Only 1, 2, 3  and 4

Ans:     (a)

Mountains/Hills/Plateaus Countries

  1. Meseta Portugal
  2. Massif Central France
  3. Jura France
  4. Black Forest Germany

Hence the correct answer is option a)

Q10. Consider the following statements?

  1. The Fennoscandian shield rocks are the oldest exposed rocks in Europe.
  2. The direction of flow of Rhone river in Europe is northwards

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans:     (a)

Explanation:    [Fennoscandian shield is the part of north – western highlands of Europe. These shield rocks are the oldest exposed rocks in Europe, where glaciers have scraped off the sedimentary rocks, The area is fairly rich in metllic minerals such as iron and copper. Rhone river flows southwards and drains into the Mediterranean sea, Hence, the correct answer is option a)]

 

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  • Shridhar
    Shridhar

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