UPSC NCERT ENVIRONMENT NOTES: TOPIC WISE SOLVED MCQ’s

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1. With reference to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), consider the following statements:
1. The governing body of the CBD is the Conference of the Parties (COP).
2. The Secretariat of the CBD is based in Montreal, Canada.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: C

2. With reference to Nagoya Protocol, consider the following statements:
1. It was adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in 2012.
2. It will enter into force 60 days after the date of deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans. D

3. With reference to the Cartagena Protocol, consider the following statements:
1. It governs the movements of Living Modified Organisms (LMOs) resulting from biotechnology from one country to another.
2. It entered into force in 2003.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: C

4. Consider the following statements:
1. The natural ecosystems on a global scale having almost similar biotic and abiotic conditions are called Biomes.
2. Vegetation is the most dominant component of biomes.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: C

5. With reference to the Ramsar Convention, consider the following statements:
1. It is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands.
2. The convention came into force in 1971.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: A

6. Consider the following Statements:
1. Canada has the highest number of Ramsar sites in the world.
2. The United Kingdom has the greatest area of listed wetlands.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: D

7. In which of the following areas, Monsoon Forest Biome is found?
1. Eastern Africa
2. Northern Australia
3. West Indies Islands
4. South East USA

a) Only 1, 2 and 3

b) Only 1, 2 and 4

c) Only 3 and 4

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Ans. D

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