Himalai IAS Exclusive “Read and Write 2 or 3 articles per day, become commissioner and District Collector” – Keshav Sir

Himalai Bringing You One Year Program Every Day Different Topics which Cover Whole Exam Syllabus of Static and Dynamic, Follow Every day for the and Get Prepare for the Government exams, Day by day Add marks to your Pocket and become a Government Servant, Secure your family, Serve the Nation Be a part of Change.

Every day Series of Topics will be covered in order to get you Exam Prepare

Read these Topics and get prepare for the exams each and every Questions will surely add value for your marks.

Today’s topic:

SECTION-A

1. INDIA’S NUCLEAR DOCTRINE

India had its first nuclear test (Smiling Buddha) in May 1974.After this Pokhran-II. India became first nuclear powered country without signing Non Proliferation Treaty(NPT).

Characteristics of India’s Nuclear Doctrine (2013):

1)No First Use.

2) India needs to build and maintain a Credible Minimum Deterrent.

3) If country invades India by nuclear missile, the retaliation will be massive and terrible to the enemy.

4) The right to take nuclear action against the enemy will only be taken by the elected representatives of the country.

5) Nuclear weapons will not be used against non-nuclear state.

6) Strict regulation over exports of nuclear and missile related materials.

7) India supports global initiative to create a nuclear free world.

The Nuclear Command Authority (NCA) is the sole body which can authorise the use of nuclear weapons.

2. PRADHAN MANTRI VAYA VANDANA YOJANA (PMVVY)

It is a pension scheme.

By: Government of India.

For: Senior citizens aged 60 years and above.

Available: From 4th May 2017 to 31st March 2020.

Benefits:

1) Provides assured return of 8%p.a payable monthly for 10 years.

2) Pension payable at the end of each period, during the policy term of 10 years.

3) Exempted from service tax/GST.

4) Allows for premature exit for any treatment of illness or critical condition(95% shall be refunded).

5) Pension for whole family(pensioner,spouse and dependents).

3. GREEN REVOLUTION-KRISHONNATI YOJANA IN AGRICULTURE SECTOR

Under: Ministry of Agriculture and farmers Welfare.

Period: 2017-18 to 2019-20

Central share: Rs.33,269.976 crore

Umbrella schemes: 11

Aim:

These schemes look to develop the agriculture and allied sector in a holistic and scientific manner to increase the income of farmers by enhancing production, productivity and better returns on produce.

The schemes are:

1)Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)

2)National Food Security Mission (NFSM) including National Mission on Oil Seeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

3) National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

4) Submission on Agriculture Extension (SMAE)

5)Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material (SMSP)

6) Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation (SMAM)

7) Sub-Mission on Plant Protection and Plan Quarantine (SMPPQ)

8) Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census,Economics and Statistics (ISACES)

9) Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation (ISAC)

10) Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing (ISAM)

11) National e-Governance Plan (NeGP-A)

In 2017-18, it has been decided to club all these schemes under one umbrella scheme-KrishnonnatiYojana.

 

SECTION-B

1. SOCIALIST ECONOMY

Socialist economy is an economic system controlled and regulated by the government so as to ensure welfare and equal opportunity to the people in the society.

Features:

1) Collective ownership.

2) Economic,Social and Political Equality.

3) Economic planning.

4) No competition.

5) Positive role of Government.

6) Work and wages according to ability and needs.

7) Maximum social welfare.

2. CAPITALIST ECONOMY

It is a free-market characterised as an automatic self-regulating system where means of production are owned by private individuals,and there is no interference of government in the economic activities.

Features:

1) Private property.

2) Price mechanism.

3) Freedom of Enterprise.

4) Sovereignty of that consumer.

5) Profit motive.

6) No government interference.

7) Democratic.

8) Self-interest.

3.MIXED ECONOMIC SYSTEM

An economic system in which both private enterprise and a degree of state monopoly co-exist. Also called as dual economy. Basically, it is the combination of socialist and capitalist economy.

Features:

1) Co-existence of Pvt and public sector.

2) Personal freedom.

3) Pvt Property is allowed.

4) Economic planning.

5) Price mechanism and controlled price.

6) Profit motive and social welfare.

7) Check on economic inequalities.

8) Control of monopoly power.

4. ANDES MOUNTAIN

The Andes running along South America’s western side, is among the world’s longest continental mountain ranges. Passes through seven South America’s countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina.

Peak: Aconcagua

Length: 7,000 km

Width: 500 km

5. GULF OF KUCHCHH

It is an inlet of Arabian Sea along the west coast of India,in the state of Gujarat,which is renowned for extreme daily tides.

Max. Depth:123m

Length: 99 miles

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