Chapter Wise Indian Polity MCQ’s with Explanation
Today’s Topic: Making of the Constitution
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Today’s Topic: Making of the Constitution
Q1. The Constituent Assembly of India comprised of:
a) 292 members from British provinces, 4 from Chief Commissionaires and 93 from Princely States
b) 294 members from British provinces, 4 from Chief Commissionaires and 91 from princely States
c) 291 members from British provinces, 3 from Chief Commissionaires and 95 from princely States
d) 292 members from British provinces, 5 from Chief Commissionaires and 92 from princely States.
Explanation: The constituent Assembly took almost three years (two years, eleven months and seventeen days to be precise) to complete its historic task of drafting the constitution for Independent India. During this period, it held eleven sessions covering a total of 165 days. Of these, 114 days were spent on the consideration of the Draft Constitution.
As to its composition, members were chosen by indirect election by the members of the Provincial Legislative Assemblies, according to the Scheme recommended by the Cabinet Mission. The arrangement was:
(i) 292 members were elected through the Provincial Legislative Assemblies; (ii) 93 members represented the Indian princely States; and (iii) 4 members represented the chief Commissioners’ Provinces. The total membership of the Assembly thus was to be 389. However, as a result of the partition under the Mountbatten Plan of 3 June, 1947, a separate Constituent. Assembly was set up for Pakistan and representatives of some Provinces ceased to be members of the Assembly. As a result, the membership of the Assembly was reduced to 299.)
Q2. Who was the Chairman of the inaugural session of constituent assembly?
a) Dr. B.R.Ambedkar b) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
c) Dr. Sacchidanand d) Sardar Patel
Explanation: (Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha (November 10, 1871 – March 6, 1950) was a member of the Imperial ‘Legislative Council from 1910 to 1920 and the Indian Legislative Assembly. He was Deputy President of the Assembly in 1921. He also held the office of the President in the Bihar and Orissa Legislative Council. He was appointed Executive Councilors and Finance Member of the Government of Bihar and Orissa, and, thus, was the first Indian who was ever appointed as a Finance Member of a Province. Later, he also was a member of the Bihar Legislative Assembly. In 1946, he was made the Interim President of the Constituent Assembly of India.)
Q3. Match List – I with List – II and select the correct answer from the codes given below.
(Features (Sources) of Indian Constitution)
List – I List – II
- Judicial British Review, Fundamental Rights i. British
- Single Citizenship ii. Irish
- Nomination of Members to Rajya Sabha iii. Canadian
- Residuary Powers iv. American
Codes: 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
a) iv i ii iii c) i iii iv i
b) iii ii i iv d) i iv iii ii
Explanation: (British Parliamentary government, Rule of Law, Legislative procedure, Single citizenship, cabinet system, prerogative writs.
US: Fundamental Rights, Independence of Judiciary, Judicial Review, Impeachment of the President, Removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges and post of Vice-President.
Irish: Directive Principles of State Policy, nomination of members to Rajya Sabha and method of election of President, Federation with a strong centre, Vesting of residuary powers in the Centre, appointment of State Governors by the Centre and advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
Canadian: Federation with a strong centre, residuary powers with the centre, appointment of state governors by the centre and advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.)
Q4. Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): A federal arrangement aims at reconciling freedom with unity and diversity of political cultures and identities with effective collective action.
Reason (R): India opted for a pluralistic model of nation building.
a) Both (A) and are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
b) Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
c) (A) is correct, but (R) is not correct.
d) (R) is correct, but (A) is not correct.
Explanation: (Federalism is the theory of advocacy of federal principles for dividing powers between member units and common institutions. Unlike in a unitary state, sovereignty in federal political orders is non-centralized, often constitutionally, between at least two levels so that units at each level have final authority and can be self – governing in some issue area. Citizens thus have political obligations to, or have their rights secured by, two authorities. The division of power between the member unit and center may vary, typically the center has powers regarding defense and foreign policy, but member units may also have international roles. The decision-making bodies of member units may also participate in central decision-making bodies.)
Q5. Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): Bulk of the provisions of the constitution of India were adopted from the Government of India Act of 1935.
Reason (R): The congress party passed a resolution adopting the government of India Act of 1935 as the basis of the constitution.
a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
b) Both (A) and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
c) (A) is true but (R) is false.
d) (R) is true, but (A) is false.
Explanation: (The provisions of the Government of India Act 1935, though never implemented fully, had a great impact on the Constitution of India. Many key features of the constitution are directly taken from this Act. It is really a lengthy and detailed document having 321 sections and 10 schedules. The majority of the today’s constitution has drawn from this.)
Q6. Who made the following statement in the Constituent Assembly in connection with the Amendment Procedure of the Constitution of India?
‘That while we want this Constitution to be sold and as permanent as a structure we can make it, nevertheless there is no permanence in Constitutions. … If you make anything rigid and permanent, you stop the Nations’s growth, the growth of a living, vital organic people’.
a) Dr.B.R. Ambedkar b) Jawaharlal Nehru
c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel d) Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
Q7. Which of the following Committees of the Constituent Assembly was chaired by Jawarharlal Nehru?
a) Steering Committee
b) Union Powers Committee
c) Committee on Fundamental Rights and Minorities
d) Provincial Constitution Committee
(On the 14 August, 1947 meeting of the Assembly, a proposal for forming various committees was presented. Such committees included a Committees included a Committee on Fundamental Rights, the Union Powers Committee and Union Constitution Committee.)
8. Which of the following are the common features of India and U.K?
(i) Supremacy of Parliament
(ii) a written Constitution
(iv) Prime Minister is the leader of the largest party on the floor of the House.
a) (i) and (ii) are correct b) (ii) and (iii) are correct
c) (iii) and (iv) are correct d) (i) and (iv) are correct.
Q9. Who among the following was not a member of the Indian Constituent Assembly?
a) Sir firoz Khan Nur b) Sir Zafarullah Khan
c) Dr. Jay Shankar d) Jai Prakash Narayan
Explanation: (The Constitution of India was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, and it was implemented under the Cabinet Mission Plan on 16 May 1946. The members of the Constituent Assembly were elected by the provincial assemblies by a single, transferable-vote system of proportional representation. The total membership of the Constituent Assembly was 389: 292 were representatives of the states, 93 represented the princely states and four were from the chief commissioner provinces of Delhi, Ajmer-Mewar, Coorg and British Baluchistan.)
Q10. The Drafting committee member of the Constituent Assembly said that Governor nominated by the President will be the agent of the Central Government. Identify
a) T.T. Krishnamachari b) R. Ambedkar
c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel d) Rajendra Prasad
Explanation: (T.T. Krishnamachari (1899-1974) was a member of drafting committees, an entrepreneur and congress leader.)
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