UPSC NCRET HISTORY NOTES: TOPIC WISE SOLVED MCQ’s

UPSC HISTORY INDIA: The Harappan Civilization-2

Analyzing IAS exam pattern, it is evident that candidates should have clear understanding concepts and this is possible through daily IAS preparation. To assist you Himalai IAS coaching is come up with UPSC subject wise most important & expected IAS prelims questions series with the answer explanation. You can assess your everyday learning and keep in check with your IAS planning and preparation. We are also providing our daily program list so you can keep track of our Himalai IAS question series updates.

HIMALAI ONLINE TEST COMING SHORTLY

The most awaited Himalai online IAS test series is coming up shortly. With more than 20 years of experience, Himalai IAS coaching has become one of the pioneers in understanding UPSC exam requirements. These exclusive mock tests are a complete package of UPSC expected questions, answers and an in-depth explanation of each topic prepared by experts with years of IAS coaching experience. Himalai IAS coaching test series will assess your daily IAS preparation and will be the guiding light throughout your IAS journey. To know more register to Himalai

1) Consider the following statements:

  1. Cotton was not known to the Harappan Civilization
  2. Harappan people produced a large number of terracotta figurines that were handmade.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1                     b) Only 2                     c) Both 1 and 2                        d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans:     B

Explanation:    Fragments of cotton cloth found at Mohenjodaro and other sites show that cotton was grown during the Harappan period. A large number of handmade terracotta figurines were produced by Harappan people. The figurines include humans, animals birds, monkeys, dogs, sheep, and cattle. Figurines of both humped and humpless bulls are found. Hence, the correct answer is option B.

2) With reference to town planning of Harappan Civilisation, consider the following statements:

  1. All cities had a standard division into a high western citadel and a lower town to the east reflecting the division into rulers and the service communities.
  2. Each city comprised a series of walled sectors or mounds, oriented in different directions.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1                     b) Only 2                     c) Both 1 and 2                        d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans:     B

Explanation:    Earlier it was thought that all cities were having a standard division into a high western citadel and a lower town to the east reflecting the division of the cities into rulers and the service communities, with the crafts workshops located in the lower city. But this interpretation is not correct because large public building, market areas, large and small private houses, as well as crafts workshops, have been found in all areas. Hence, the correct answer is option B.

3) With reference to Indus Valley Civilisation, consider the following statements:

  1. The script of this civilization was Sanskrit.
  2. The Great Bath was discovered in Harappa.
  3. The Indus Valley people had trade relations with Mesopotamia.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1                     b) Only 1 and 2                       c) Only 2 and 3                        d) Only 3

Ans:     D

Explanation:    The script of Indus Valley Civilization has not been deciphered so far, but overlaps of letters show that it was written from right to left in the first line and left to right in the second line. Thus, it was not in Sanskrit. The Great Bath was discovered in Mohenjodaro (not in Harappa). The Mesopotamian records from about 2350 BC onwards refer to trade relations with Meluha, the ancient name of the Indus region. Harappan seals and other materials have been found in Mesopotamia. Hence, the correct answer is option D.

4) With reference to the religious life of Indus Valley Civilisation, consider the following statements:

  1. Phallus (lignum) and yoni worship were prevalent.
  2. Trees were worshipped
  3. Animals were not worshipped.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1                     b) Only 1 and 2                       c) Both 1, 2 and 3                    d) Only 2 and 3

Ans:     B

Explanation:    From the available evidence we may say that the religion of the Indus people comprised: 1. The worship of the Mother Goddess 2. The worship of a male deity, probably of Shiva, 3. Worship of animals, natural, semi-human, or fabulous 4. Worship of trees in their natural state or of the indwelling spirits, 5. Worship of phallus (lingam) and yoni; and 6. The practice of Yoga. Hence, the correct answer is option B.

5) Which among the following Harappan sites are in India.

  1. Mohenjodaro     2. Harappa   3. Banwali       4. Dholavira     5. Lothal          6. Kalibanga

a) Only 1 and 2                     b) Only 1, 3 and 4       d) Only 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6                 d) Only 3, 4, 5 and 6

Ans:     D

Explanation:    Banawali is in Hissar district of Haryana in India. Dholavina is in Kutchh district of Gujarat (India). Lothal is in Kathiya district of Gujarat (India). Kalinga is in the Ganganagar district of Rajasthan (India). Whereas Harappa is in Montgomery district of Punjab province (Pakistan) and Mohenjodaro is in the Larkana district of Sindh province (Pakistan). Hence, the correct answer is option D.

6) Which of the following statements is/are incorrect?

  1. The Harappan Culture belongs to the Bronze Age.
  2. Unalloyed copper was used for manufacturing artifacts by Harappan people.
  3. Gold was relatively more commonly used by the Harappan people than Silver.

a) Only 1                     b) Only 1 and              c) Only 2 and 3                        d) Only 3

Ans:     D

Explanation:    Although the Harappan civilization is referred to as a bronze age civilization mostly unalloyed copper was used for manufacturing artifacts, and only tin was alloyed in copper to make bronze. Silver was relatively more common than gold which is indicated by the occurrence of a number of large vessels and other objects. Hence, the correct answer is option D.

7) Consider the following statements:

  1. The famous figure of a dancing girl found in the excavations of Mohenjodaro was made up on steatite.
  2. The Great Bath of the Indus Valley Civilization was discovered in Lothal.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1                     b) Only 2                     c) Both 1 and 2                        d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans:     D

Explanation:    The famous figure of a dancing girl found in the excavation of Mohenjodaro was made up of bronze (not steatite). Significantly, this has been made by the last were a method of carting. The Great Bath (the most important public place of the city) was discovered in Mohenjodaro. (not Lothal). Hence, the correct answer is option D.