UPSC NCRET HISTORY NOTES: TOPIC WISE SOLVED MCQ’s

UPSC HISTORY INDIA: The Evolution of Jainism and Buddhism-3

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Match the following:

List I                            List II

  1. First                      1. Patliputra
  2. Second                 2. Kashmir
  3. Third                     3. Rajgriha
  4. Fourth                   4. Vaishali

Code:   A         B          C          D

a)         3          4          1          2

b)         4          3          1          2

c)         3          4          2          1

d)         4          3          2          1

Ans:     A

Explanation:    First Buddhist Council was held in 483 B.C. at Rajgriha under the chairmanship of Mahakassappa. Second Bhuddhist Council was held in 383 B.C. at Vaishali under the chairmanship of Sabbakami. Third Bhuddhist Council was held in 250 B.C. at Pataliputra under the chairmanship of Mogalipulta Tissa. Fourth Bhuddhist Council was held in 98 A.D. at Kashmir under the chairmanship of Vasumitra. Hence, the correct answer is option A.

2) Match the following:

Buddist Council                       Chairman

  1. First                                         1. Subbakami
  2. Second                                    2. Vasumitra
  3. Third                                        3. Mahakassappa
  4. Fourth                                      4. Mogaliputta Tissa

Code:   A         B          C          D

a)         1          3          2          4

b)         1          3          4          2

c)         3          1          4          2

d)         3          1          2          4

Ans:     C

Explanation:    First Buddhist Council was held under the chairmanship of Mahakassappa in 483 B.C. at Rajgriha. Second Bhuddhist Council was held under the chairmanship of Sabbakami in 383 B.C. at Vaishali. Third Bhuddhist Council was held under the chairmanship of Mogaliputta Tissa in 250 B.C. At Pataliputra. Fourth Bhuddhist Council was held under the chairmanship of Vasumitra in 98 A.D. at Kashmir. Hence, the correct answer is option C.

 

  1. Match the following:

Council                                    King (patron)

  1. First                                         1. Ashoka
  2. Second                                    2. Kalashoka
  3. Third                                        3. Ajatashatru
  4. Fourth                                      4. Kanishka

Code:   A         B          C          D

a)         2          3          1          4

b)         2          3          4          1

c)         3          2          4          1

d)         3          2          1          4

Ans:     D

Explanation:    First Buddhist Council was held in the reign of Ajatshatru in 483 B.C. at Rajgriha. Second Bhuddhist Council was held in the reign of Kalashoka in 383 B.C. at Vaishali. Third Bhuddhist Council was held in the reign of Ashoka in 250 B.C. at Pataliputra. Fourth Bhuddhist Council was held in the reign of Kanishka in 98 A.D. at Kashmir. Hence, the correct answer is option D.

4) Consider the following statements:

  1. In the third Buddhist Council, Buddhism was divided into Mahayana and Hinayana sects.
  2. Sutta-Pitaka and Vinaya Pitaka was compiled in Second Buddhist Council.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1             b) Only 2                     c) Both 1 and 2                        d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans:     D

Explanation:    Buddhism was divided into Mahayana and Hinayama sects in Fourth Buddisht Council held at Kashmir in 98 A.D. under the chairmanship of Vasumitra. In the first Buddhist Council Sutta-Pitaka and Vinaya Pitaka was compiled by Ananda and Upali respectively. This council was held in 483 B.C. at Rajgriha. Hence, the correct answer is option D.