Chapter Wise Indian Polity MCQ’s With Explanation

Today’s Topic: Parliamentary System and Central Government

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Wednesday- Indian Polity and Governance

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Today’s Topic: Parliamentary System and Central Government

Q1. Match the List – I with List – II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

List – I                                                 List – II

(LokSabha)                                          (Speaker)

  1. 3rdLokSabha                                       i. Shivraj Patil
  2. 5thLokSabha                                       ii. BairamJakhar
  3. 7thLokSabha                                       iii. G. S. Dhillon, Bali Ram Bhagat
  4. 10thLokSabhaiv. Hukam Singh            iv. Hukam Sing


a          b          c          d

a) iv         iii         ii          i

B) iv         I           ii          iii

c) i            ii          iii         iv

d) iii          iv         ii          i

Ans      A

Q2. Performance Budgeting became popular in the

a) 1950s                b) 1960s                c) 1970s               d) 1980s

Ans      A

Explanation:    Performance-based budgeting is the practice of developing budgets based on the relationship between programme funding levels and expected results from that programme. A performance-based budgeting process is a tool that program administrators can use to manage more cost-efficient and effective budgeting outlays.]

Q3. Which of the following statements are correct about Indian Government?

(i) RajyaSabha represents the local interests of the States.

(ii) A member of RajyaSabha must be a resident of the State form which he is elected.

(iii) The number of seats allotted to a State has to be proportionate to its population.

(iv) The term of a member of RajyaSabha is same as that of Senator in the US.


a) (ii), (iii), and (iv)                b) (i), (ii), and (iii)                c) (i), (iii) and (iv)                d) (i) and (ii)

Ans      (*)

Explanation:    RajyaSabha members are elected by state legislatures rather than directly through the electorate by single transferable vote method. Article 84 of the Constitution lays down the qualifications for membership of Parliament. A member of the RajyaSabha must:

  • Be a citizen of India
  • Make and subscribe before some person authorized in that behalf by the Election Commission an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule to the Constitution;
  • Be at least 30 years old;
  • Possess such other qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by Parliament.
  • Be elected by the Legislative Assembly of States and Union territories by means of the Single transferable vote through Proportional representation.]

Q4. When were the LokSabha rules amended to provide for Department Related Parliamentary Standing Committees?

a) 1988               b) 1989               c) 1991            d) 1995

Ans      B

Explanation:    Departmentally Related Standing Committees (DRSCs) play an important role in exercising a check over governmental expenditure and policy formulation.

A full-fledged system of 17 Departmentally Related Standing Committees came into being in April 1993. These Committees cover under their jurisdiction all the Ministries/Departments of the Government of India. These Committees are as under:

Name of the Committee

  1. Committee on Commerce
  2. Committee on Home Affairs
  3. Committee on Human Resource Development
  4. Committee on Industry
  5. Committee on Science & Technology, Environment & Forests
  6. Committee on Transport, Culture, and Tourism
  7. Committee on Agriculture
  8. Committee on Information Technology
  9. Committee on Defence
  10. Committee in Energy
  11. Committee on Finance
  12. Committee on External Affairs
  13. Committee on Food, Civil Supplies, and Public Distribution
  14. Committee on Labour and Welfare
  15. Committee on Petroleum & Chemicals
  16. Committee on Railways
  17. Committee on Urban and Rural Development

Out of the 17 Committees, 6 Committees (Sl. No. 1 to 6) are serviced by the RajyaSabha Secretariat and 11 Committees (Sl. No. 7 to 17) by the LokSabha Secretariat.

Each of these Standing Committees consists of not more than 45 members-30 to be nominated by the Speaker from amongst the members of LokSabha and 15 to be nominated by the Chairman, RajyaSabha from amongst the members of RajyaSabha. A Minister is not eligible to be nominated to these Committees.

The term of members of these Committees is one year. With reference to the Ministries/Departments under their purview, the functions of these committees are:

  1. a) Consideration of Demands for Grants.
  2. b) Examination of Bills referred to by the Chairman, RajyaSabha or the Speaker, LokSabha as the case may be.
  3. c) Consideration of Annual Reports.
  4. d) Consideration of national basic long-term policy documents presented to the House and referred to the Committee by the Chairman, RajyaSabha or the Speaker, LokSabha, as the case may be. These Committees do not consider matters of day-to-day administration of the concerned Ministers/Departments.

The newly constituted departmentally related Standing Committee System is a path-breaking Endeavour of the Parliamentary surveillance over the administration. With the emphasis of their functioning to concentrate on long-term plans, policies and the philosophies guiding the working of the Executive, these Committees will be in a very privileged position to provide necessary direction, guidance and inputs for broad policy formulations and in the achievement of the long-term national perspective by the Executive.]


  1. Who among the following has associated the origins of political parties with three theories institutional theories, historical crisis theirs and development theories?
  2. a) La Palombara and Myron Weiner b) Peter K. Merki
  3. c) Harry Eckstein d) Jean Blondel

Ans      A

Q5. The name of a candidate for the Office of President of India is proposed by

a) Any five citizens of India                                              b) Any five Members of the Parliament

c) Any Fifty Members of the Electoral College                 d) Any ten members of the Electoral College

Ans      D

Explanation:    The new president is chosen by an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both houses of Parliament, the elected members of the Vidhan Sabhas and the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry. The nomination of a candidate for election to the office of the President must be subscribed by at least 50 electors as proposers and 50 electors as proposers and 50 electors as seconders. The election is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the Single transferable vote method. The voting takes place by secret ballot. The manner of election of President is provided by Article 55 of the Constitution.]

Q6. Who among the following former Presidents of India kept the ‘Indian Post Office Amendment Bill’ pending?

a) Zakir Hussain                                                         b) V. V. Giri

c) Zail Singh                                                                d) Dr. Shanker Dayal Sharma

Ansq    c)

Explanation:    Gyani Zail Singh (5 May 1916 – 25 December 1994) was the seventh President of India, serving from 1982 to 1987. Singh used a pocket veto to refuse assent a pocket veto to refuse assent to the “Indian Post Office (Amendment) Bill” in 1986 to show his opposition to the bill. The bill was later withdrawn by the V. P. Singh Government in 1990.]

Q7. The Committee on Assurance of the Parliament of India is an instrument of

a) Executive Control                             b) Judicial Control

c) Civil-Society Control                         d) Legislative Control

Ans      D

Explanation:    Committee on Government Assurances (LokSabha) Consists of 15 members nominated by the Speaker. A Minister is not nominated to this Committee. While replying to questions in the House or during discussions in the House or during discussions on Bills, Resolutions, Motions etc. , Ministers at times give assurances or undertaking s either to consider a matter or to take action or to furnish the House further information later. The functions of this Committee are to scrutinize the assurances, promises, undertakings etc. given by Ministers from time to time and to report to LokSabha on the extent to which such assurances etc. have been implemented and to see whether such implementation has taken place within the minimum time necessary for the purpose.]

Q8. Identify the correct sequence in which the following Deputy Prime Ministers were appointed in India?

(i) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel                             (ii) Ch. Devi Lal

(iii) Ch. Charan Singh                                      (iv) Morarji Desai


a) (i),    (iii),      (iv),      (ii)

b) (i),    (iv),      (ii),       (iii)

c) (iv),   (i),        (ii),       (iii)

d) (i),    (iv),      (iii),      (iv)

Ans      D

Explanation:    Explanation:    The Deputy Prime Minister of India is a member of the Union Cabinet. Not technically a constitutional office it seldom carries any specific powers. A deputy prime minister usually also holds a key cabinet portfolio such as a home minister or finance minister. In the parliamentary system of government, the prime minister is treated as the “first among equals” in the cabinet; the position of deputy prime minister is used to bring political stability and strength within a coalition government or in times of national emergency when a proper chain of command is necessary.

The first Deputy Prime Minister of India was a Sardar 21Vallabhbhai Patel, who was also a home

minister in Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet. The office has since been only intermittently occupied. The seventh and last deputy prime minister was L. K. Advani, who took in the role in addition to his home ministership from 2002 to 2004 in Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s government.

Many times there arose a proposal to make this post permanent, but nothing happened. The same goes to the post of Deputy Chip Minister in state level.

List of Deputy Prime Ministers of India

Deputy Prime Minister             Term of office             Political Party   Prime Minister

(Portfolio) 5

Many times there arose a proposal to make this post permanent, but nothing happened. The same goes to the post of Deputy Chip Minister in state level.

List of Deputy Prime Ministers of India

Deputy Prime Minister              Term of office             Political Party Prime Minister (Portfolio) (Alliance)

  1. Sardar Vallabhai Patel 15 August 1947- 15 Dec. 1950 INC Jawarhal Nehru
  2. Moraji Desai 21 March 1967- INC Indira 6 December 1969 Gandhi
  3. Charan Singh 24 March 1977 – Janata Party Moraji 28 July 1979 Desai
  4. Jaghivan Ram 24 March 1977 Janata Party 28 July 1979
  5. Yashwantrao Chavan 28 July 1979-14 INC Charan January 1980 (Socialist) Singh
  6. Chaudhary Devi Lal 2 December 1989 Janata Dal V. P. Singh – 21 June 1991 (National Front) Chandra Shekhar
  7. L. K. Advani 5 February 2002 BJP (NDA) Atal Bihari (Ministers of Home Affairs) – 22 May 2004 Vajpayee]

Q9. Public Accounts Committee has the following Members. Tick the correct answer: LokSabha Total

a) 10, 5, 15               b) 15, 7, 22               c) 11, 5, 16               d) 17, 10, 27

Ans      B

Explanation:    The Public Accounts Committee (PAC) is a committee of selected members of Parliament, constituted by the Parliament, for the auditing of the expenditure of the Government of India. The PAC is formed every year with a strength of not more than 22 members of which 15 are from LokSabha, the lower house of the Parliament, and 7 from RajyaSabha, the upper house of the Parliament. The term of office of the members is one year. The Chairman is appointed by the Speaker of LokSabha. Since 1967, the chairman of the committee is selected from the opposition. Earlier, it was headed by a member of the ruling party. Its chief function is to examine the audit report of Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) after it is laid in the Parliament. CAG assists the committee during the course of an investigation. None of the 22 members shall be a minister in the government.]

Q10. Assertion (A): The President of India is the Constitutional Head of the State.

Reason(R): All powers are vested in the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

c) (A) is true, but (R) is false d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Ans      A


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