Chapter Wise Indian Polity MCQ’s With Explanation

Today’s Topic: Parliamentary System and Central Government-2

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Tuesday- General Science

Wednesday- Indian Polity and Governance

Thursday- History of India and Indian National Movement

Friday- Economic and Social Development

Saturday-Indian and world Geography

Today’s Topic: Parliamentary System and Central Government-2

Q1. Which one among the following statements is false?

a) The first hour of every parliament day is reserved for questions.

b) Zero hour is a typical Indian innovation in the field of Parliamentary practice.

c) The new public administration is a uniquely American phenomenon.

d) Judicial control over administrative acts stems from natural law.

Ans      C

Explanation:    New public Administration traces it origins to the first Minnow brook Conference held in 1968 under the patronage of Dwight Waldo. This conference brought together the top scholars in public administration and management to discuss and reflect on the State of the field and its future. Explanation:            1] The 1960s in the USA was a time of unusual social and political turbulence and upheaval. In this context, Waldo concluded that neither the study nor the practice of public administration was responding suitably to the escalating turmoil and the complications that arose from those conditions.]

Q2. Which one of the following is not a sufficient ground for convening a joint sitting of both Houses of Parliament?

a) Rejection of a bill by one House of the Parliament when the other House has passed it.

b) Both Houses have finally disagreed as to the amendments to be made in a bill.

c) More than six months have elapsed from the date of the reception of the Bill by the other House without the Bill being passed by it.

d) President has refused to give his assent to the Bill

Ans      D

Explanation:   Article 108 deals with the joint sitting of both Houses in certain cases.]

Q3. Which of the former presidents was associated with the Trade-Union Movement in India?

a) K. F. Narayanan                                  b) Dr. Zakir Hussain

c) V. V. Giri                                             d) Rana Swami Venkat Raman

Ans      C

Explanation:    V. V. Giri (10 August 1894 – 23 June 1980) was the fourth President of India from 24 August 1969 to 24 August, 1974. Giri was a founding member of the All India Railway men’s Federation and twice president’s of the All India Trade Union Congress.]

Q4. The rule of Lapse means

a) All pending bills in Parliament lapse with its propagation.

b) The demand for grants of a ministry lapse with criticism of its policy by the opposition.

c) All appropriations voted by the legislature expire at the end of the financial year.

d) The appropriation bill lapse if it is not returned by Rajya Sabha within 14 days.

Ans      C

Q5. A new All India Service can be created by

a) An amendment of the Constitution                             b) A resolution under Article 312 of the Constitution

c) An executive order                                                      d) A statute

Ans      B

Explanation:    312. All India Services

  1. Notwithstanding anything in Chapter VI of Part VI or Part XI, if the Council of States has declared by resolution supported by not less than two thirds of the members present and voting that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest so to do, Parliament may by law provide for the creation of one or more all India services (including an all India judicial service) common to the Union and the States, and, subject to the other provisions of this Chapter, regulate the recruitment, and the conditions of service of persons appointed, to any such service.
  2. The services known at the commencement of this Constitution as the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service shall be deemed to be services created by Parliament under this article.
  3. The law providing for the creation of the all India judicial service aforesaid may contain such provisions for the amendment of Chapter VI of Part VI as may be necessary for giving effect to the provisions of that law and so much law shall be deemed to be an amendment of this Constitution for the purposes of article 368]
  4. Commenting on the importance of the Himalayan frontier on Indian Foreign policy which one of the following leader said “IF it is breached, the way to Indian Plains and Indian ocean beyond would be exposed and threats and India would then likewise, be the threat to other countries of South and Southeast Asia.
  5. a) Prime Minister Indira Gandhi b) Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri
  6. c) Prime Minister Rajeev Gandhi d) Prime Minister Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru

Ans      D

Q6. Match the List – I with List – II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

List – I                                                 List – II

(Prime Minister)                                   (Tenure of the Prime Minister)

A) I. K. Gujral 16 y                                             i. 1996 – 1 June 1996

B) A. B. Vajpayee 21 April                                 ii. 1997 – 18 March 1998

C) H. D. Deve Gowda 10 November                 iii. 1990-21 June 1991

D) Chandra Shekar 1 June,                              iv.  1996 – 20 April 1997

Codes:

A         B          C          D

a) iv        iii         ii          i

b) ii          i          iv         iii

c) i          iii         iv         ii

d) iii        ii          i           iv

Ans      B

Q7. Which of the following is the correct sequence regarding the passage of the Budget?

1. Voting on Grants                             2. General Discussion

3. Finance Bill                                    4. Appropriation Bill

Select the correct code from the following.

a) 2,1,4,3                             b) 3,2,1,4                             c) 3,1,2,4                             d) 1,2,4,3

Ans      B

Q8. Assertion (A) : The President of India is indirectly elected. Reason (R): Under a Parliamentary system of Government, the head of State is only a nominal head.

Codes:

a) Both (A) And(R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A),

b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A),

c) (A) is true, but (R) is false. d) (R) is true, but (A) is false.

Ans      A

Explanation:    The President of India is the formal head of the executive and legislature of India and is the commander-in-chief of the India Armed Forces. The President is indirectly elected by the people through elected members of the houses of Parliament (LokSabha and RajyaSabha) and the Legislative Assemblies in States and Union Territories (Delhi, Puducherry); and serves for a term of five years.]

Q9. Assertion (A): Money bills originate only in the Lower House of the Parliament.

Reason (R): The Lower House of the Parliament is a popularly elected body.

Codes:

a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the Correct explanation of (A).

b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

c) (A) is true, but (R) is false. d) (R) is true, but (A) is false.

Ans      A

Explanation:    The LokSabha is an elected body consisting of 543 members, 2014 and is the latest to date. Money bills can only be introduced in the LokSabha, and upon being passed, are sent to the RajyaSabha, where it can be deliberated on for up to 14 days. If not rejected by the Rajya Sabha, or 14 days lapse from the introduction of the bill in the RajyaSabha without any action by the House, or recommendations made by the RajyaSabha are not accepted by the LokSabha, the bill is considered passed. The budget is presented in the LokSabha is presented in the LokSabha by the Finance Minister in the name of the President of India.]

Q10. Which one of the following committees, is an exclusive committee of RajyaSabha?

(i) Committee on Subordinate Legislation.                   (ii) Committee on Government Assurance.

(iii) Committee on Papers Laid on the Table.               (iv) Committee on Public Undertakings.

The correct answer from the codes given below:

Codes:

a) (i), (iii), (iv)                             b) (i), (ii), (iv)                              c) (iv),(iii), (ii)                             d) (i), (ii), (iii)

Ans      D

Explanation:    There shall be a Committee on Subordinate Legislation to scrutinize and report to the Council whether the powers to make rules, regulations, bye-laws, scheme or other statutory instruments conferred by the Constitution or delegated Parliament have been properly exercised within such conferment or delegation, as the case may be.

Constitution

  1. The Committee shall consist of fifteen members who shall be nominated by the chairman.
  2. The Committee nominated under sub-rule (1) shall hold office until a new Committee is nominated.
  3. Casual vacancies in the Committee shall be filled by the Chairman.

Functions

After each rule, regulation, byelaw, scheme or other statutory instruments (hereinafter referred to as the order’) framed in pursuance of the Constitution or the legislative functions delegated by Parliament to a subordinate authority and which is required to be laid before Parliament, is so laid before the Council, the Committee shall, in particular, consider-

(i) Whether the order is in accord with the provisions of the Constitution or the Act pursuant to which it is made; (ii) Whether the order contains matter which in the opinion of the Committee should more properly be dealt with in an Act of Parliament; (iii) Whether the order contains imposition of taxation; (iv) Whether the order directly or indirectly bars the jurisdiction of the court; (v) whether the order gives retrospective effect to any of the provisions in respect of which the Constitution or the act does not expressly give any such power; (vi) whether the order involves expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of India or the public revenues; (vii)whether the order appears to make some unusual or unexpected use of the power conferred by the Constitution or the Act pursuant to which it is made; (viii) whether there appears to have been unjustifiable delay in its publication or laying the order before Parliament; (ix) whether for any reason the form or purport of the order calls for any elucidation

  • There shall be a Committee on Government Assurances to scrutinize the assurances, promises, undertakings, etc., given by Ministers, from time to time, on the floor of the Council and to report on-
  1. a) The extent to which such assurances, promises, undertakings, etc., have been implemented and b) when implemented whether such implementation has taken place within the minimum time necessary for the purpose.

Constitution

  1. a) The Committee shall consist of ten members who shall be nominated by the Chairman.
  2. b) The Committee nominated under sub-rule(1) shall hold office until a new Committee is nominated.
  3. c) Casual vacancies in the Committee shall be filled by the Chairman.

Committee on Papers Laid on the Table

  1. a) There shall be a Committee on Papers Laid on the Table.
  2. b) After the paper is laid before the Council by a Minister, the Committee shall consider-
  3. a) Whether there has been compliance with the provisions of the Constitution or the Act of Parliament or any other law, rule or regulation in pursuance of which the paper has been so laid; b) Whether there has been any unreasonable delay in laying the paper before the Council and if so, (i) whether a statement explaining the reasons for such delay has also been laid before the Council along with the paper, and (ii) whether those reasons are satisfactory;
  4. c) Whether the paper has been laid before the Council both in English and Hindi and if not, (i)whether a statement explaining the reasons for not laying the paper in Hindi has also been laid before the Council along with the paper, and (ii) whether those reasons are satisfactory.
  5. d) The Committee shall perform such other functions in respect of the papers laid on the Table as may be assigned to it by the Chairman from time to time.

Constitution

  1. a) The Committee shall consist of ten members who shall be nominated by the Chairman. b) The Committee nominated under sub-rule (1) shall hold office until a new Committee is nominated
    c) Casual vacancies in the Committee shall be filled by the Chairman.]

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