UNIVERSAL CHILDREN’S DAY
Children are the future of the world, the way we nurture them today will reflect in our future. But the children across the globe are facing many challenges like abuse, child labor, child marriages, violence and more.
There is a need for protecting them and providing nutritious food, education, and other basic necessity.
Children’s Day History
Universal Children’s day is one of the initiatives of UN to tackle these problems. In 1954, UN general assembly voted for the resolution 836(IX) to adopt World children’s day on 20th November annually. The specific date also commemorates two most significant events:
- The adoption of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1959
- The adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989
The World children’s day 2018 will be on 20th November, Tuesday. World children’s day provides an opportunity to advocate and promote children’s rights which will help in building a better world for them.
Children of Today
Children of today face many problems with almost 1.2 billion adolescents accounting for 16 percent of world population, South Asia is the home for most teenagers around the world with 340 million adolescent’s population.
- Education: Between the year 2000 and 2015, children out of primary schools have declined from 100 million to 60 million. Still, there are many kids who don’t get even a basic level of literacy to survive in society and get a suitable job opportunity.
- Child Marriage: Child marriage is violation of fundamental human rights. For a girl child marriage results in discontinuation of education, isolation from society, domestic violence, early pregnancy and more. Still, it is practiced around the world in the name of family honor, traditions, religious customary, and even poverty.
- Child Labour: In the least developed countries around 1 in 4 children are involved in child labour. Their education is discontinued and are treated unfairly with less or no pay. They are even engaged in harmful works that have adverse effects on their physical and mental states.
- Violence: Children can face physical, sexual and emotional violence at many places like home, community, school and even over the internet. The perpetrators can be anyone from the children surroundings. Violence will harm children physical and mental state for the rest of their lives, it many even leads to death.
- Morality Rate: It is estimated that 1.3 billion children (10-18-year-old) died only in the year 2012 alone due to the causes like suicide, Road accidents, violence, and Though the mortality rates have decreased in recent years the death rate due to AIDS have increased significantly and it will attribute with more perinatally-infected infants.
Children are innocent who might not be able to express the violence conducted against them. There is a need for protecting children from every factor that violates their basic rights. The importance of children’s day is protecting their basic right and work for their welfare.
Children’s Day Celebrations
International Children’s day is celebrated with many activities preserve their rights and to keep them stay smiling. World children’s day is a day for the children and by the children.
Singing, Dancing, poster making, sports activities, quiz contest, and many other competitions are held across the world. Events are organized with leading personals giving children’s day speeches for inspiring kids. Cake cutting and sweet distributions are done by volunteers for underprivileged children.
Education camps are conducted across the countries for educating parents and related persons on child violence and how to handle them. Even though children’s day in India is celebrated on November 14th every year, many events are organized for international children’s day also.
For the International children’s day 2018 UN has organized the ‘World’s Largest Lesson using the School Activity Packs’
World Children’s day theme 2018 “Children are taking over and turning the world blue”
This International Children’s day 2018 theme aims at building safe surroundings for children with full of potential. Children around the world are expected to take part in this theme by wearing blue clothing or accessories in social media.
‘Children are our future, let’s protect their innocent smiles’ Himalai IAS coaching wants to create this awareness on World Children’s day as a part of our India with world events.