PIB:UPSC Current Affairs to prepare for UPSC Exam

1. A Compendium ‘Digital Bharat, Saksham Bharat’  released on Digital India

Minister for Electronics &Information Technology and Law &Justice, Sh. Ravi Shankar Prasad released the Digital India Compendium on ‘Digital Bharat, Saksham Bharat’ at Stein Auditorium, India Habitat Center, New Delhi.

The aim of this document has spread the awareness of achievements of Digital India among masses. It stresses on the objectives of Digital India initiatives to change India into a  knowledge-based economy and digitally empowered society.

There are two segments to this documents:

  • Digital profile of India: This section contains insights and comparative study of the implementation of the Digital India Programme and the changes/ benefits it has brought out in the lives of Indian citizens. Also, how digitization has simplified availing of government services and brought transparency to the system.     
  • Digital profile of States & UTs: State/ UT-wise adaptation of various initiatives taken under Digital India Programme.

2. India chooses to stop its share of river waters which stream into Pakistan

  • Indian Government has chosen to stop its share of river waters that flow into Pakistan. Minister for Water Resources Nitin Gadkari in a series of tweets stated that Government of India will redirect water from Eastern rivers and supply it to the citizens of Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab.
  • As indicated in the Indus Waters Treaty, subject to specific conditions, India has the directly to utilize water streaming in eastern waterways, to be specific, the Beas, the Ravi and the Sutlej while Pakistan controls the right utilize water in western waterways, specifically, the Indus, the Jhelum and the Chenab.
  • Mr Gadkari additionally stated, the erection of dam has begun at Shahpur-Kandi on the Ravi stream and the Ujh project will accumulate a lot of water for use in Jammu and Kashmir and the rest water will stream from the second Ravi-Beas Link to give water to other basin states. Further he said that every one of these ventures have been announced as National projects.

3. UNSC insists the International Community to co-operate with India in managing terrorism

  • United Nations Security Council (UNSC), The 15-nation body, which includes China, strongly criticized the terrorist attack in Jammu and Kashmir’s Pulwama. The recent attack claimed the lives of over 40 CRPF personnel. The UNSC members showed their deepest condolences to the families of terror victims. Also, the condemnation addressed Jaish-e-Mohammed, a Pakistan-based terror group which was responsible for the attack.
  • The UNSC has decided to bring the culprits behind the attack to justice. Earlier, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres also expressed the same. Also, the international community has decided to support India in the fight against terrorism. The aid to India’s efforts is by getting Jaish-e-Mohammed Chief Masood Azhar on the global terrorist list.  France is all set to move the proposal at the UN to ban him.

4. Amendments of Indian Stamp Act, 1899: Rationalization of Stamp Duty & Design of Zero Evasion Collection Mechanism for Securities in market instruments

  • The President of India, approved to the Amendments to the Indian Stamp Act, 1899 which were introduced with Finance Act 2019. Both houses of Parliament:  Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha passed the Finance Bill 2019 on 12th and 13th February 2019.
  • The amendments suggest making the legal and institutional mechanism. In the mechanism allows one agency at one place can collect stamp duty on one securities market instruments. It also enables states to appropriately share the stamp duty with relevant State Governments. The sharing will be based on the domicile of the buying client.  
  • The suggested amendment is expected to gain zero tax evasion. Also, the collection cost is reduced while the productivity of the revenue is increased. This is an attempt to increase state revenue collection as well as to bring stability in the system.