PIB (12/03/2020): UPSC Current affairs to prepare for UPSC Exam

IDY Mega Event-2020 by the Prime Minister to be in Leh: Shripad Yesso Naik

  • The 6th International Day of Yoga (IDY) on 21st June 2020 at Leh, the capital of UT of Ladakh.
  • Besides, The PM leads a harmonious mass demonstration of Yoga every year in the main event of IDY. 
  • On this occasion, the AYUSH Minister announces AYUSH I.T. Awards 2019.

Promoting Domestic Manufacturing

  • In particular, Promoting the growth of industries is a continuous and ongoing effort of the Government.
  • The National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) launched in December 2019, with an expenditure of Rs 102 lakh crore as capital expenditure.
  • Announcement of Some Trade Policy measures in Budget 2020-21 to promote domestic manufacturing such as increasing basic customs duties (BCD) 

Nuclear Power Plants

  • The Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs) are fuelled by Natural Uranium while Light Water Reactors (LWRs) by Low Enriched Uranium. 
  • The annual requirement of fuel (UO2) of a 700 MW PHWR (at 85% Capacity Factor) is about 125 tons.
  • Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) implementation by Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Limited (BHAVINI) is fuelled by Mixed Oxide (MoX) Fuel.

Steps to boost domestic investments in India

  • Importantly, Under the scheme of Investment Promotion, the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade supports Sectoral Ministries and State Governments for organizing investment events, summits, road-shows, and other promotional activities. 
  • The government takes various steps like National Infrastructure Pipeline, Reduction in Corporate Tax, easing liquidity problems of NBFCs and Banks, trade policy measures to boost domestic manufacturing.
  • Further, Most of the institutional support services and incentives are by the Central Government.

Steps Taken to Boost Export

  • Primarily the focus of Government export promotion schemes/ policies is to refund duties and taxes levied on inputs.
  • Subsequently, In Financial Year 2018-19 products exported to 233 countries/territories covering all big and small trading countries.
  • In particular, The government is taking holistic measures to make exports competitive promoting districts as export hubs, improving logistics and utilization of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs).

Features of Start-Up India

  • In particular, Prime Minister of India announces the Startup India initiative on 15th August 2015.
  • Besides, the objective to build a strong eco-system for nurturing innovation and Startups in the country is to drive sustainable economic growth. 
  • Also, The government of India establishes Funds for Startups (FFS) with a corpus of Rs. 10,000 crores, to meet the funding needs of startups.

Protecting IP Intensive Industries

  • Intellectual Property (IP) intensive industry not defined, however, this Department has various initiatives to strengthen Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Regime in India
  • Besides, the examination period of new Trademarks applications reduced from 13 months to less than 30 days.
  • The Government of India has been working steadily to improve India’s ranking in the Global Innovation Index (GII).

Status of ‘Make in India’ Initiative

  • Measures to promote ‘Make in India’ in defense manufacturing by harnessing the capabilities of the public and private sectors.
  • The government in the last three years from 2016-2019 and till December 2019, has accorded Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) to 138 proposals worth Rs. 2,69,465.26 crore.
  • Further, the procedure of ‘Make’ seeks to address the multiple objectives of self-reliance, transparent execution and timely induction of equipment into Indian Armed Forces. 

Innovative Defence Projects

  • The government takes various policy measures to promote new and innovative defense production projects under the “Make in India” program
  • Consequently, in April 2018 the Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX)  launched to create an ecosystem to foster innovation and technology development in Defence and Aerospace.
  • Further ‘Strategic Partnership (SP)’ envisages the establishment of long-term strategic partnerships with Indian entities through a transparent and competitive process.

Defense Corridors

  • In pursuance to the budget announcement (2018-19), set up two Defence Industrial Corridors in the Country, one in Uttar Pradesh and another in Tamil Nadu. 
  • Investments of approximately Rs 3,700 crore announced by Ordnance Factory Board (OFB)/Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) & Private Industries for Uttar Pradesh Defence Corridors.
  • Further, Investment of approx Rs 3,100 crore by OFB/DPSUs & private industries for Tamil Nadu Defence Corridor.

Modernization of Armed Forces

  • Measures for the modernization of the Armed Forces, through the procurement of new equipment and upgrading of existing equipment.
  • Besides, The modernization projects are progressed as per the Capital Acquisition Plans in terms of the extant Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP).
  • 197 contracts are signed for capital procurement/up-gradation of defense equipment for Armed Forces During the last three years and in the current year.

Shri G Kishan Reddy lists steps taken by Delhi Police to increase women’s safety and security in Delhi.

  • Delhi Police has taken several measures to prevent, and expeditiously detect and investigate crimes against women.
  • This inter-alia include dynamic identification of crime-prone areas and deployment of police resources accordingly; the launch of the ‘Himmat Plus’ app.
  • To improve the conviction rate in respect of crimes against women, the steps are taken inter-alia to include separation of investigation from law & order and general duties.