National pollution control day
Himalai IAS Coaching Centre in Bangalore aimed to bring awareness about National pollution control day and to prevent the environment towards the disasters due to lack of trees. Environmental pollution causes due to lack of knowledge about pollution caused due to day by day activities, educate your children’s towards environmental pollution from school, colleges and include the awareness in a syllabus, civil services exams like IAS Coaching, KAS coaching to prevent environmental disaster.
The National pollution prevention day is celebrated on 2 December in India, observed in the honor of thousands of human being who lost their lives in Bhopal gas calamity. Bhopal gas tragedy occurred in the night of 2-3rd December in the year 1984, people died due to an unintentional discharge of the poisonous gas Methyl Isocyanate also called as a MIC.
More than 500,000 people died due gas tragedy, around 2259 were died immediately according to the report. A later government of Madhya Pradesh around 3,787 deaths due to poisonous gas of MIC, within 72 hours around 8,000 to 10,000 people have died whereas 25,000 people were died later due to gas-related diseases. Bhopal gas calamity was identified as the biggest industrial pollution disaster of the history worldwide.
The Three Mile Island tragedy of the American Nuclear Power Station in 1979 occurred at the Nuclear Generating Station in the Dauphin Country, Chernobyl disaster in 1986 in the Ukraine and Oleum gas leak which occurred in the Shriram Food & fertilizes Ltd complex in Delhi.
Objectives of National Pollution Control Day
Environmental pollution is a major problem that India is not only facing, the whole world, defined as the addition of any substance whether solid, liquid or gas form of energy like heat sound etc to the environment. Nowadays many factors that are responsible for causing pollution increasing day by day it is the duty of people and respective Government to reduce pollution level.
The Main objective is to spread awareness in the industries that cause various pollution like soil, water, air to control environmental disaster. A government in India made various laws and rules like in Delhi decreases vehicles running on the road and National Pollution Control Board (NPCB) that conducts regular checks on industries to know whether they follow environmental regulation.
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India established under the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change in 1974 and Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act in the same year. Air Prevention and Control Pollution Act in 1981, technical services to the environment and Forests under the provisions of the Environment Protection Act in 1986.
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has its head office in New Delhi conducts environmental assessments and research, currently divided into 22 division. CPCB consists of Air pollution, Water pollution, Urban area programs, municipal solid waste rules, Noise pollution, Environmental Data Statistics to prevent and control environmental Pollution.
National Pollution Control Day celebration
National Pollution Control Day theme is to control the Industrial disaster as well as prevention of the pollution of air, water, soil and aware the industries about paying great attention towards the need of Pollution Control Act.
Indian Government has launched varieties of acts and rules to control and prevention of pollution all over India.
- In 1974, Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act
- In 1981, the Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act
- In 1986, Environment (Protection) Rules Act
- In 1989, Manufacture, storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules
- In 1989, Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules
- In 1996, Chemical Accidents (Emergency, Planning, Preparedness, and Response)
- In 1998, Bio-Medical Waste (Management & handling) Rules
- In 1999, recycled Plastic Manufacture & Usage Rules
- In 2000, Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules
- In 2001, Batteries (Management & Handling) Rules
- In 2006, Maharashtra Bio-Degradable Garbage Ordinance and Environment Impact Assessment Notification.
How to Reduce Pollution
Pollution prevention and control is a major global concern its harmful effects of pollution on a person’s health and also on the environment. Environmental protection means caring for our resources such as air, water, and soil for a balanced environment.
- Pollution can be reduced by managing solid waste, reuse the facility of Biochemical waste can be reduced.
- Use of more chemicals MIC in the place of lesser ones, poor preservation of gas, the presence of corroding material in the pipelines.
- Stop smoking at the public places avoids damages for the ozone layer.
- Maintain your car properly use unleaded gasoline to keep in good running condition to avoid smoke emissions.
- Use eco-friendly materials instead of plastic it injurious to health made up of a highly toxic substance.
- Choose public transport as much as possible instead of your own vehicle or ride a bicycle to be fit. Plant more trees create your green space in your home it cleans the air and provides oxygen to protect your family from pollution.
- Dispose of waste properly instead of throwing into the empty space or drain or into the water and organic waste should be dumped far from residential areas.
- Industries should strictly follow the rules made by government regulation on pollution control.