Jallianwala Bagh massacre

The 1919 Amritsar massacre known as Jallianwala Bagh massacre. This is because the massacre took place at Jallianwala Bagh in the northern Indian city of Amritsar. The Jallianwalla Bagh is an open garden with walled on all sides, with five entrances. Jallianwala Bagh massacre is recorded as one of the worst tragedy in Indian History. As the remembrance of this day, Himalai IAS coaching brings you the Jallianwala Bagh massacre facts          

Jallianwala Bagh massacre – The Incident

On 13th April 1919, Colonel Reginald Dyer with his Indian troop army fired at the crowd of Indians gathered at Jallianwala for a protest. The same day was ‘Baisakhi’ which is a Sikh festival. Numerous locals gathered at Jallianwala Bagh. It was a peaceful protest against the arrest of the two national pioneers, Satya Pal, and Saifuddin Kitchlew. On that day the British restricted all the gathering.  

On hearing the news of gathering at Jallianwala Bagh, Dyer collected fifty British Indian army troops and attacked at  Jallianwala Bagh. The British closed all the exits. From a position on a raised bank, Dyer’s commanded to shoot at the unarmed locals of men, women, and children. Dyer ordered them to shoot with the intent to kill. The soldiers had to reload their rifles several times which was around 1,650 rounds in all.  

Many died directly from shooting and some in the stamping while running towards the exits. Other jumped into the single well to avoid the shooting. It is said that 120 bodies were pulled out from the well.               

According to the  British official report, 379 deaths occurred in the massacre. With 15,000-20,000 people gathering and the number of rounds shot, many estimated that the British numbers were flawed. According to the national congress inquiry, there were around 1500 casualties and 1000 killed.

Even though the British government suppressed the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. The news, widespread across the country and became a national movement.

An orphan Udham Singh, who was the witness of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Avenged his fellowmen by killing Michael O’Dwyer on the 31st July 1940. Later, the British executed Udham Singh in Pentonville jail, London.

The conclusion

The conclusion of Jallianwala Bagh massacre is that it showcased the cruelty of British Raj in India. Also, the causes of Jallianwala Bagh massacre moved many Indians to fight for Independence.  

From the IAS exam point of view, the importance of Jallianwala Bagh is immense. So, it is best to plan for the questions on Jallianwala Bagh massacre by preparing Jallianwala Bagh massacre short note.

The Incident of the Jallianwala Bagh has a great impact on Indians to date. Himalai IAS coaching spreads this awareness of nationality on this 13th April 2019. So, be a part of Our India our pride events!   

 

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