INTERNATIONAL NON VIOLENCE DAY /GANDHI JAYANTHI
International Non-Violence Day /Gandhi Jayanthi Information
- Gandhi Jayanthi is celebrated on 2nd of October every year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the great soul ‘Mahatma’ who lead India to its freedom from the British colonization.
- Indian Government has declared October 2nd as official National holiday
- People from all over the world admired and followed his ideology of nonviolence and Humanity.
- UN in 2007 with its resolution A/RES/61/271 voted to celebrate 2nd October as International Non-Violence and peace day to honour Mahatma Gandhi.
- This year, it is 151st birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi celebrating on International Non-Violence Day 2020.
Brief History of Mahatma Gandhi
- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the last offspring of Karamchand and Putlibai born on October 2nd, 1869, in Porbandar.
- His finished his early education in Porbandar, being from a Hindu Background Putlibai influenced Gandhi with Bhagavad Gita, the Bhagavata Purana from a young age.
- In 1883 Gandhi at the age of 13 got married to Kasturbai Makhanji and 1885 they had their first baby which died after a few days
- In 1888 Gandhi left India and travelled to London to continue his study in law.
- Gandhi relocated to South Africa in 1893 to assist a law case where he came across the ill-treatment by racism and slavery South Africa under the British rule.
- He fought with the South African government through no violence and protests to claim the basic right of every individual. He became the national Hero of South Africa
- In 1915 Gandhi returned to India as an established leader and Indian National Congress warmly welcomed him.
- Gandhi’s wife Kasturbai supported him and fought for the freedom alongside his followers
- He gave Indian Freedom struggle a nonviolence turn through Satyagraha, non-cooperation movement, a salt march, quit India movement which are the milestones in Indian History.
- India attained Freedom in 1947, he played a major role in negotiation with British in round table conference and a in India’s partition.
- In 1948 in a prayer meeting, Nathuram Godse shot Gandhi with 3 bullets to his chest.
- The funeral march for Gandhi was 5-mile-long and over 2 million people participated
- He was criminated in Raj Ghat, where a memorial was built scribbles of ‘Hey Rama’ his final words
Honours for Gandhi
- Prominent leaders and citizen of India believed and called Gandhi as “Father of the Nation”, his nickname was Bapu which literally translate as “Father”.
- The currency denomination in India issued by the Reserve bank of India has Gandhi’s image on it.
- There are 53 prominent Roads in India and 46 roads in other countries are named after him.
- Noble prize committee nominated Gandhi, 5 times for noble prize awards and in 1930 times magazine named him the man of the year
- There are many memorials and statutes built as a remembrance of Gandhi across the globe
How Gandhi Jayanthi is Celebrated?
- Many followers around the world pay their respect and prayers for their beloved leader and Idol Gandhi in Raj Ghat
- Gandhi peace prize, Gandhi peace award, and Gandhi International Peace award are awarded nationally and International for eminent Individuals and organizations for their contribution in maintaining peace.
- Indian Government organizes many official events to honour the memory of Mahatma Gandhi.
- Gandhi Jayanthi celebration in schools with various activities like Gandhi Jayanthi speech, Gandhi Jayanthi essay, and debate to educate the next generation about Gandhi’s ideologies.
- UN organizes many events to promote peace and nonviolence as International nonviolence day activities.
- Many Motivational Gandhi Jayanthi Wishes are circulated in social media
Mahatma Gandhi was a courageous, Honest and determined believer of nonviolence and peace. Himalai IAS coaching wants to wish everyone a Happy Gandhi Jayanthi and a nonviolence day as a part of our India Our Pride Events.