International Mountain Day
International Mountain Day, Himalai IAS Coaching Centre in Bangalore aim to bring awareness about the importance of the Mountain and how to protect mountain region and environmental management. Mountain day celebration highlights the importance of environment every citizen should have the knowledge and mainly for students for the country development and competitive exams like Civil Services Exam-KAS exam, IAS exam other exams.
More than one billion people live in mountain areas human population depends on mountains for water, energy, and food. Mountains are the indicators of global climate continue to warm and climate change, who lives in the mountain region are the world’s hungriest and poorest struggling to survive.
About 39% population in the mountain region ion developing countries is estimated to be vulnerable to food insecurity. Around 27% of the earth’s land surface, mountains play a critical role in economic growth.
The celebration of International Mountain Day:
International Day of Mountain provides an occasion to highlight the variety and richness of mountain culture, celebrated every year on 11th December the goal of the day is to bring positive change to mountain environments around the world.
United Nations General Assembly proclaimed December 11 from 2003 as International Mountain Day and 2002 was the year of mountains. It has its roots in 1992 when adoption of chapter 13 of agenda 21 “Managing Fragile Ecosystems: sustainable mountain development”. The team of Forestry Department is responsible for water and mountains to coordinate this international process.
International Mountain Day theme:
International Mountain Day theme linked to the Mountain Partnership Global Meeting held at FAO headquarters in Italy, Rome on 11 December will focus on the challenges and opportunities in the sustainable development of mountain.
- While Mountain under pressure migration, hunger highlights affecting highlands and sustainable mountain development is integrated into the 2030 Agenda.
- On International Mountain Day organize various activities aim to increase awareness of knowledge around the role of mountains and regions amongst the general population and professionals.
- It has been observed to create awareness about the importance of mountains to life and constraints in mountain development.
- Mountain provides 60-80% of the world’s freshwater and covers 22% of the earth’s land surface, 13% of the world’s population mountains are home. According to the United Nations foods and agriculture, an organization is the stability of the mountain population.
- Who live in mountain region is 90% developing countries one in the three faces the threat of food insecurity. About 15-20 percent tourism industry accounts Mountain Tourism.
- Mountains Matter are mentioned in the 2030 Agenda, considering the crucial role they play in providing key ecosystem goods and services to the Vulnerability and planet in the climate change.
- Mountain Biodiversity as half of the world’s biodiversity hotspots are concentrated in mountains and support one-quarter of terrestrial biological diversity. Mountains for disaster risk reduction as climatic variation are triggering, mudflows, disasters, and landslides are tumbling downstream, flooding, communities, and population.
- Managing the natural resources correctly is essential to promote the conservation and the sustainable from mountain areas, such as water, biodiversity, grassland, forests, and soils. It is vital to increase awareness, prudence, and efficiency in the management of natural resources in mountain areas.