Migration in search of job opportunities and education is now a trend. Migration helps the individual to get better opportunities, while also benefitting both the origin country and the destination country.

It’s a risk to travel across the world and adapt to a new environment. To protect migrant’s basic human rights and to facilitate their settlement, UN adopted the ‘International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families’ on 18th December 1990.

In 2000, UN decided with its resolution A/RES/55/93 decided to observe International Migrants Day on 18th December every year, to focus the attention of the world to recognize and respect the efforts of migrants. International migration day 2018 or Immigration day 2018 will be on 18th December, Tuesday.

Why International Migrants Day is celebrated?

  • It is estimated that the number of migrants has increased from 175 million to 244 million during the years 2000-2015, one in ten migrants are children who are under the age of 15.
  • In 2000 the majority of migrants live in Europe (76 million) or Asia (75 million). Recent years the migration is widely distributed, now the top migrant countries are getting significantly fewer

Looking at the facts, millions of people migrate each year which has a significant effect on the country’s development and economy. With transport and communication evolving International migration is increasing consistently, now it has become even more important to protect the basic rights of the migrants. World Migrant Day is signifying this cause.

Effects of Migration on development

Destination country

Migrants make most of the low skill labour percentage in many countries. This may create less employment opportunities for localities. Usually, the migrant workers will complement the skills of the native worker. This distributes the manpower and workers become even more productive. With the increase in labour force and more consumers receiving countries economy is boosted.

Origin Country

The main reason for migration is poverty, but people who migrate are mainly from middle-class families as the poorest can’t afford the risks of international migration. The migrants who establish themselves in abroad encourages others, this increases the rate of migration even among the poor. This migration help reducing the severity of poverty in origin countries.

It’s evident that both countries are benefited from low skill migration, but it also represents the poverty or violation of human rights in the origin countries. It’s an important factor that the migrants are forced to become migrant dues to necessity rather than the interest in finding better opportunities. Low skilled migration also represents a lack of development globally.

Migration in India

India is not only popular for international migration but also for internal migration from one villages-cities and city-city migration. Indian foreign service is one of the prominent services of Indian civil service, the recruitment for which is done through civil service exam. Indian foreign service is responsible for protecting the rights of the non-resident Indians in abroad.

International Migrants day activities

  • UN organizes events for world migration day, where many leaders participate and discuss the initiatives that needed to be taken for the betterment of migrants and refugees.
  • Entertaining activities are organized for migrants in communities and workplaces. Workshops and seminars are conducted in schools to educate children about the importance of migrants and their role in our lives.
  • For International migration day, short videos of ‘life without migrants’ were circulated in media to create awareness. International migration day in India is celebrated in a similar way.
  • UN sets a theme to give the Immigration day celebrations more meaning. The International Migration day 2017 theme was ‘Safe Migration in a World on the Move’. International Migrants Day 2018 theme is yet to come.

Migrants take lots of risk in search of well being of their families, protecting their rights and respect is essential. Himalai IAS coaching conveys this message on International migration day as a part of our India with world events.