International literacy day Facts

  • The concept of international literacy day was shaped on 8th September 1965 at World Conference of Ministers of Education on the Eradication of Illiteracy, held in Iran.
  • To commemorate this day in 1966 at the 14th session of UNESCO’s General Conference, a resolution was approved to form international literacy day.
  • International Literacy Day (ILD) 2020 will specialise in Literacy teaching and learning within the COVID-19 crisis and beyond with attention on the role of educators and changing pedagogies. The theme will highlight literacy learning during a lifelong learning perspective and thus mainly specialise in youth and adults.
  • Since 1967, it is annually celebrated on 8th September to create an awareness about the significance of literacy in an individual life, society and in world development.
  • This year the International literacy day 2020 is celebrated on 8th September, Tuesday.

Importance of Literacy

  • It is a fact that literacy has become one of the basic necessity for Human survival. Without fundamental numeracy it is not even possible to have a decent transactions in day to day life.
  • Globally there are more than 750 million adults who lack minimum literacy skills, in that 500 million are women and 75 million children who are out of school.
  • Major illiterate population is found in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Illiteracy is one of the main setback in world development, so it has become one of the major goal of UN’s “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” established in 2015 with world leaders.

India’s move to eradicate Illiteracy

  • Since attaining independence India has faced a challenge in eradicating illiteracy from country.
  • As per 2015 statistics by UNESCO the literacy rate in India is 72.1%
  • On the aim to achieve100% literacy many programs like Samagra Shiksha, Mid-Day Meal and more aids are established by Indian government to attract children especially girls to join schools,
  • Saakshar Bharat, State Resource Center and other schemes are created to encourage adults to acquire basic education.
  • State wise schemes are also formed to increase the literacy rate

International Literacy day activates by UNESCO

  • Many events are planned by UNESCO in collaboration with countries and organizations to promote Literacy in regional and community level
  • The awareness in created, not only aims for education for children but also for training programs for adults
  • As a part of International Literacy day activates, an official award ceremony for “UNESCO International Literacy Prizes” is organized to honor the individuals, NGOs and other organizations for their exceptional efforts in eradicate illiteracy.
  • Every year Literacy day celebration takes place in different theme, like “Literacy in digital world” was International Literacy day 2017 theme.
  • “Literacy teaching and learning in the COVID-19 crisis and beyond” is the International Literacy Day 2020 theme. It highights learning in lifelong perspective , mainly focuses on youths and adults

Did you know

  • There are 773 million of adults and children who lacks basic literacy skills;
  • Also, 617 million children and adolescents aren’t achieving minimum proficiency levels in reading and mathematics;
  • During the initial phase of the pandemic, schools were closed disrupting the education of 62.3 per cent of the world’s student population of 1.09 billion;
  • Adult literacy and education were absent in initial education response plans, therefore many youth and adults with no or low literacy skills have had limited access to life-saving information.

International Literacy day in India

  • From 1988 the National Literacy Mission Authority organizes events as a part of International Literacy day celebration.
  • An Award program is organized by inviting dignitaries and Saakshar Bharat Awards are presented to States, NGOs and organizations for their outstanding contributions in increasing the literacy rate in India.
  • The need of education is stressed in every International Literacy day speech to inspire young generation to promote literacy.
  • Rallies, competitions and exhibitions are organized at state levels by coordination with schools and NGOs to promote the importance of literacy especially in rural parts of the country

International Literacy Day 2020 will provide a chance to reflect on and discuss how innovative and effective pedagogies and teaching methodologies are often utilized in youth and adult literacy programmes to face the pandemic and beyond. The Day also will give a chance to analyse the role of educators, also as effective policies, systems, governance and measures which will support educators and learning. Through a virtual conference, UNESCO will initiate a collective global discussion to reimagine the literacy teaching and learning of youth and adults within the post-Covid-19 era towards the achievement of the SDG4.

“Education is a basic right and every individual have the right to access it” Himalai wants to convey this message on International Literacy day as a part of Our India with world event.