• The International Holocaust Remembrance Day is observed in remembrance of the victims of the Holocaust during the second world war.
  • In 2005, UN General Assembly through its resolution 60/7 decided to dedicate 27th January of every year as International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
  • This year the International Holocaust Remembrance Day 2019 will be on 27th January, Sunday.

What is the Holocaust?

  • Holocaust is one of the horrifying results of discrimination based on religion, region, and
  • During the second world war under the Nazi regime of Germany, a network of extermination camps was set up in which Auschwitz concentration camp was the largest.
  • At first political prisoners were brought to these camps for extermination. Later it became the “Final solution to the Jewish Question”.
  • Jews from all around German territories were forced to settle in these camps. They were cruelly forced to do labors and tortured in inhuman ways. They literally slaughtered people. Mass murders were done through gas chambers using poisonous gasses and pesticides.
  • Various medical experiments were conducted on these people including children without anyone’s consent.
  • An estimated 1.3 million people were sent to these camps and most didn’t survive. The majority of people killed were Jewish and others include Romani, Polish and homosexual people.
  • This tragedy of mass killing by Germans came to be known as a Holocaust. Holocaust is a reminder of the extreme atrocities of human due to discrimination.
  • On 27 January 1945, from the allied forces the Soviet Red Army liberated the Auschwitz concentration camp.
  • International Holocaust Remembrance Day is observed in honor of the Holocaust victims, who are physically challenged, mentally disturbed and lost their lives in these Nazi camps.

Activities on Holocaust Remembrance Day

  • Israel observed the first Holocaust Remembrance Day.
  • Every year Holocaust Remembrance Day is celebrated with different themes. The international Holocaust Remembrance Day 2019 theme is “Holocaust Remembrance: Demand and Defend Your Human Rights”.
  • Dedicated to the 70th year anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human rights, this theme signifies the importance of Human rights.
  • It inspires the youth to learn a lesson from the Holocaust incident and fight for Human rights in their communities.
  • Exhibition and workshops are conducted to educate people about the effects of discrimination by taking the Holocaust as an example.
  • Conferences and meetings are organized to address the issues with discrimination.
  • Many activities are conducted to help people who are subjected to discrimination abuse.
  • Stories of the struggles of Holocaust victims are told to make people realize the effects of discriminations.

Holocaust represents the inhuman nature of people when subjected to discrimination. As the future civil service officers of India, dream to create an India free of every discrimination. Himalai IAS coaching delivers this message on the International Holocaust Remembrance Day as a part of our India with world events.