INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY
International day for the abolition of slavery is celebrated on 2nd December every year to commemorate the day when the UN general assembly adopted ‘United Nations Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (resolution 317(IV)’ in 1949.
The aim of the observance of International slavery day is to eradicate every form of slavery, especially women and children. Slavery takes the forms of human trafficking, child labour, forced marriage, sexual exploitation and more. International day for the abolition of slavery 2018 or World slavery day 2018 is on 2nd December, Sunday.
The old traditional forms of slavery still exist in the bones of society still, slavery has new manifestations in this modern age. The old traditions discriminated low caste, tribal and indigenous people. UN has documented these old customs that still have deep roots where other forms of slavery have been transformed.
- Trafficking: The real meaning of trafficking is forcefully employing, transferring or transporting a person by means of threat or blackmailing, that leads to exploitation. Trafficking results in prostitution, sexual exploitation, organ removal or forced labour. The crime becomes, even more, sever if it a child and doesn’t matter if force is used or not.
- Forced Labour: The forced labour is a manifestation of traditional forms of labour like bonded labour or debt labour. Migrant workers who are trafficked to do labour, the results of this will be economic exploitation and the major industries that employ forced labour are domestic servitude, construction industry, agricultural & food, garments, etc.
- Child Labour: is basic right violation against children. Child labour discontinues the education of children and puts them in a hazardous environment where they get less or no pay. Child labour is mainly executed for economic exploitation. This harms the child’s physical mental and emotional state from an early stage.
Slavery facts and figure by the International Labour Organization
- In this modernized world, more than 40 million people are victims of modern slavery and at least 150 million children are subjected to child labour.
- 24.9 million forced labour and 15.4 million forced marriage constitutes the 40 million people in slavery.
- It’s an estimation that 16 million people are exploited in domestic work while 4.8 million in sexual exploitation and the other 4 million 24.9 million force labour work are imposed by state labour authorities.
· The average rate of slavery is 5.4 for every thousand people in the world and one child in 4 are the victims of modern slavery. Fight Against Slavery
- International Labour Organization (ILO) is only tripartite U.N. agency working since 1919 to fight against slavery. ILO has taken many initiatives to in fighting against slavery.
- ‘Protocol designed to strengthen global efforts to eliminate forced labour’, adopted in 2016
- ‘50 for Freedom campaign’ objective is to ratify Forced Labour Protocolin 50 countries adopted in 2018.
- International day for the abolition of slavery a day dedicated to promoting eradication of slavery.
International slavery day in India
- According to the global slavery index 2016, more than 8 million people in India are in modern slavery.
- Many educational panels, events are organized on slavery day to promote people to fight against slavery. International day for the abolition of slavery is an opportunity to create awareness of this slavery and how to act when faced with one.
Slavery is a violation of Human right and helping the victims is everyone’s responsibility. Himalai IAS coaching wants to spread this word on an international day for the abolition of slavery in 2018 as a part of our India with world events.