International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction
UN International Disaster reduction day is observed on 13th October every year. In order to promote the method of reducing the risks of disaster. Himalai IAS Coaching Centre in Bangalore spread awareness about social responsibility current events for the civil service exams like IAS exams, KAS exams, IES exams, and other competitive exams.
- In 1989, the UN General assembly dedicated the second Wednesday of October as an International day for disaster reduction.
- Later in 2009 by Resolution 64/200, UN General Assembly changed the date to 13th October.
- This year, UN International Disaster Reduction Day 2019 on 13th October Sunday.
International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction importance
- Natural disaster represents storms, earthquake, floods, tsunami or even heatwave and drought.
- Over the last 20 Years, 1.3 million people have died from disasters with economic losses. An average of 250-300 billion US dollars every year and 19.3 million have displaced from their jobs and homes.
- We are literally powerless against these problems. But with proper preparations, early warnings, and stronger built infrastructure we can significantly reduce the losses and save lives.
- Further, there is a need to create awareness about risk management. Also, to educate people about the measures to take when faced with natural disasters.
- That is the reason why Disaster management is also one of the 17 goals of “UN sustainable development goals”
- International day for natural disaster reduction also provides a global platform to encourage coordination between the countries to share experience and knowledge.
International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction Theme
Every year the UN provides a theme to focus on the activities of disaster reduction day,
- The International Day for Disaster Reduction 2019 theme is based on the target 4 of “Sendai Seven”. That is to say,” Reduce damage to infrastructures and interruption to the basic necessity of food and health ”.
- International day for disaster reduction 2018 theme is a part of the “Sendai Seven” campaign launched by the United nation office for disaster reduction (UNISDR).
- UN adopted Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction in 2015. at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai, Japan.
- This framework has seven key goals. In order to save lives and reduce the economic losses globally by 2030 is the goals. With the coordination of the member states only it can happen.
- This involves countries, government, private organizations, communities, local governments, and even UN departments in the activities. Also, the promotion to reduce global mortality from disasters.
Seven Goals of Sendai Seven Campaign
- Save lives from natural disasters
- Reduce the number of affected people
- Measure to lower the economic losses
- Reduce damage to infrastructures and interruption to the basic necessity of food and health.
- Foster countries to develop strategies to reduce disaster risks
- Encourage cooperation between the developing countries
- Improve the accessibility to early warning systems for disasters
Disaster Management in India
- India has actively participated in all the International UN disaster reduction activities and national flagship programs.
- In particular, the Indian government has set up National disaster management authority and institutions to tackle the challenges of disaster risks.
- During 2016, Prime minister Narendra Modi launched a National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP). It is in sync with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
- National Disaster Management Plan aims to make India completely prepared for any disaster. Based on improvement in early warning systems, lowering loss of lives, evacuation, medical care to relief provision, India aims to be sustainable against disasters.
- Particularly in 2017, India launched South Asia Geostationary Communication Satellite. In order to improve weather forecasts, disaster information exchange and improve communication between the south Asian countries.
- Many International days for disaster reduction activities take place in India. Like educative seminars, awareness campaigns and school competitions of poster making, and many more.
‘A bit of precaution and preparation can save many lives during disastrous events’ Himalai IAS coaching wants to spread this word on International Day for Disaster Reduction as a part of our India with world events.