INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR DISASTER REDUCTION
- UN International Disaster reduction day is observed on 13th October every year to promote the method of reducing the risks of disaster.
- In 1989, the UN General assembly dedicated the second Wednesday of October as International day for disaster reduction annually during the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction.
- Later in 2009 by the Resolution 64/200, UN General Assembly changed the date to October 13th
International Day for Disaster Reduction importance
- Natural disaster represents storms, earthquake, floods, tsunami or even heat wave and drought.
- Over last 20 Years, 1.3 million people have died from disasters with economic losses are an average of 250-300 billion US dollars every year and 19.3 million have displaced from their jobs and homes.
- We are literally powerless against these problems but with proper preparations, early warnings, and stronger built infrastructure we can significantly reduce the losses and save lives.
- There is a need to create awareness about risk management and educate people about the measures to take when faced by natural disasters.
- That is the reason why Disaster management is also one of the 17 goals of “UN sustainable development goals”
- International day for natural disaster reduction also provides a global platform to encourage coordination between the countries to share experience and knowledge.
- UN adopted Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction in 2015 at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai, Japan.
- This framework has seven key goals to save lives and reduce the economic losses globally by 2030 with the coordination of the member states.
- This involves countries, government, private organizations, communities, local governments, and even UN departments in the activities and promotion to reduce global mortality from disasters.
International Day for Disaster Reduction 2020 Theme : “Disaster risk governance”
Every year UN provides a theme to focus the activities of disaster reduction day. This year’s International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction is all about governance. You can measure good disaster risk governance in lives saved, reduced numbers of disaster-affected people and reduced economic losses. The pandemic COVID-19 and the climate emergency are telling us that there should be clear vision, plans and competent, empowered institutions working on scientific evidence for the general public good.
Also , International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction 2020 target is “Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020.”
Seven Goals of Sendai Seven Campaign
- Save lives from natural disasters
- Reduce the number of affected people
- Measure to lower the economic losses
- Reduce damage to infrastructures and interruption to the basic necessity of food and health.
- Foster countries to develop strategies to reduce disaster risks
- Encourage cooperation between the developing countries
- Improve the accessibility to early warning systems for disasters
Disaster Management in India
- India has actively participated in of all the International UN disaster reduction activities and national flagship programmes.
- The Indian government has set up National disaster management authority and institution to tackle the challenges of disaster risks.
- In 2016 Prime minister Narendra Modi launched a National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) which is in sync with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
- National Disaster Management Plan aims to make India completely prepared for any disaster from improvement in early warning systems, lowering loss of lives, evacuation, medical care to relief provision, India aims to be sustainable against disasters.
- In 2017 India launched South Asia Geostationary Communication Satellite to improve weather forecast, disaster information exchange and improve communication between the south Asian countries.
- Many International days for disaster reduction activities takes place in India like educative seminars, awareness campaigns and school competitions of poster making, slogans, debate, and essay to educate students.
‘A bit of precaution and preparation can save many lives during disastrous events’ Himalai IAS coaching wants to spread this word on International day for Disaster Reduction as a part of our India with world events.