Nature of the Revolt of 1857
We are Enjoying Our Freedom Today is all because of our Freedom Fighters Struggle and Lot More, Let us Appreciate and Remember our Great Legends who fought for our Freedom, We all are so Fortunate to Enjoy all Privileges. On the Eve of Independence Day let us go back to our past and have a overview of it. Himalai is trying to bring the best possible Memories of the Struggle which made us to Proudly say we are Independent.
Let us have a look at the Freedom Struggle we Fought and we are bring it in a Educative model which can make you enjoy the freedom struggle and prepare for the exam.
- There are two main views about the nature of the Revolt of 1857:
- Sepoy Mutiny: Syed Ahmed Khan, Munshi Jeevan Lal and Durgadas Bandyopadhyaya (Contemporary Historians), Stenley (Secretary of state for India), John Lowerence, John Seeley, Malleson, R.C.Mazumdar.
- National Struggle/War of Independence: Benjamin Diraely, Karl Marx, V.D.Savarkar, K.M.Pannikar, Ishwari Prasad, A.L.Shivastva, Tarachand.
- Other views: Racial Struggle/Black-white Struggle-Medley;
- Religious struggle/Hindu-Muslim-Christian Struggle-Rees;
- Civilization-Barbarism Conflict/English-Indian Conflict –T. R. Holmes;
- Hindu-Muslim Conspiracy against Christian – Outram and Taylor.
Important Books on 1857
|The First Indian War of Independence-1857-59||1859||Karl Marx|
|Causes of Indian Revolt||1873||Sayed Ahmad Khan|
|The India War of Independence||1909||V.D. Savarkar|
|The Sepoy Mutiny and the rebellion of 1857||1957||R.C.Mazumdar|
|Civil Rebellion in Indian Mutinies||1957||S. B. Chowdary|
|Rebellion, 1857; A Symposium||1957||P.C. Joshi|
|1857||1957||S. N. Sen|
Select Opinions on 1857
“It was wholly unpatriotic and selfish Sepoy Mutiny with no native leadership and no popular support.”- John Seeley
“The so-called First National War of Independence is neither ‘First’, nor ‘National’ nor ‘a war of Independence.”
“A national revolt rooted in deep mistrust.” –Benjamin Disraely (Opposition Leader)
“The Revolt of 1857 was ‘the First war of Independence.” –V. D. Savarkar
“What began as a fight for religion ended as a war for independence.” – S. N. Sen
Impact of the Revolt of 1857
- In August 1858, the British parliament passed an act, which put an end to the rule of the company. The control of the British government in India was transferred to The British Crown.
- A minister of the British government, called the Secretary of state for India was made responsible for the government of India.
- The British Governor-General of India was now also given the title of Viceroy, who was also the representative of the monarch.
- Marked the end of British Imperialism and Princely States were assured against annexation. Doctrine of Lapse was withdrawn.
- After the revolt, the British pursued the policy of ‘divide and rule’.
- Far-reaching changes were made in the administration and increase of white soldiers in the army.
- Total expense of the suppression was thrown on the Indian people.
- It has been said that Julius Caesar was more powerful than Julius Caesar alive. The same may be said about the Revolt of 1857, Whatever might have been its original character, it soon became a symbol of challenge to the mighty British empire India and remained a shining star for the rise and growth of the Indian national movement.
Know More About Our Freedom Struggle
- Freedom Struggle
- Nature of the Revolt of 1857
- Indian National Congress (I. N. C.)
- Partition of Bengal
- Rowlatt Act and Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
- Khilafat movement and Non-Cooperation Movement
- Salt March(Satyagraha and Three Round Table Conference)
- The Government of India Act, 1935
- Congress Ministries Resign and Pakistan Resolution
- Quit India Movement
- Azad Hind Fauj
- Mount-batten Plan and the Indian Independence Act