Rowlatt Act and Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
We are Enjoying Our Freedom Today is all because of our Freedom Fighters Struggle and Lot More, Let us Appreciate and Remember our Great Legends who fought for our Freedom, We all are so Fortunate to Enjoy all Privileges. On the Eve of Independence Day let us go back to our past and have a overview of it. Himalai is trying to bring the best possible Memories of the Struggle which made us to Proudly say we are Independent.
Let us have a look at the Freedom Struggle we Fought and we are bring it in a Educative model which can make you enjoy the freedom struggle and prepare for the exam.
Rowlatt Act (1919): During the viceroyalty of Lord Chelmsford, a sedition committee was appointed by the government in 1918 with Justice Rowlatt which made certain recommendations to curb seditious activities in India. The Rowlatt Act 1919, gave unbridled powers to the government to arrest and imprison suspects without trial. The act caused a wave of anger among the people. Even before the act was passed, popular agitation began against it. Gandhiji decided to fight against this act and he gave a call for Satyagraha on April 6, 1919. He was arrested on April 8, 1919. This led to further intensification of the agitation in Delhi, Ahmedabad and Punjab.
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (April 13, 1919): The arrest of Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlu and Dr. Satypal on April10, 1919, under the Rowlatt Act in connection with Satyagraha caused serious unrest in Punjab. A public meeting was held on April 13, 1919 in a park called Jallianwala Bah in Amritsar where thousands of people including women and children assembled. Before the meeting could start General Reginald Edward Harry (R. E. H.)Dyer ordered indiscriminate heavy firing on the crowd and the people had no way out to escape. As a result hundreds of men and women and children were killed and more than 1200 people wounded. At that time Miachel O’Dwyer was the lieutenant governor of the Punjab. The massacre was a turning point in Indo-British relations and inspired the people to provide a more unrelenting fight for freedom.
Note: Sardar Uddham Singh, an Indian patriot from Punjab, shot down Miachel O’Dwyer in London in 1940.
Know More About Our Freedom Struggle
- Freedom Struggle
- Nature of the Revolt of 1857
- Indian National Congress (I. N. C.)
- Partition of Bengal
- Rowlatt Act and Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
- Khilafat movement and Non-Cooperation Movement
- Salt March(Satyagraha and Three Round Table Conference)
- The Government of India Act, 1935
- Congress Ministries Resign and Pakistan Resolution
- Quit India Movement
- Azad Hind Fauj
- Mount-batten Plan and the Indian Independence Act