Partition of Bengal
We are Enjoying Our Freedom Today is all because of our Freedom Fighters Struggle and Lot More, Let us Appreciate and Remember our Great Legends who fought for our Freedom, We all are so Fortunate to Enjoy all Privileges. On the Eve of Independence Day let us go back to our past and have a overview of it. Himalai is trying to bring the best possible Memories of the Struggle which made us to Proudly say we are Independent.
Let us have a look at the Freedom Struggle we Fought and we are bring it in a Educative model which can make you enjoy the freedom struggle and prepare for the exam.
The Partition of Bengal (1905) and Boycott and Swadeshi Movement (1905-08)
- The Partition of Bengal came into effect on Oct. 16, 1905, through a Royal Proclamation, reducing the old province of Bengal in size by crating a new province of East Bengal, which later on became East Pakistan and present day Bangladesh.
- The government explained that it was done to stimulate growth of under-developed Eastern region of the Bengal. But, actually, the main objective was to ‘Divide and Rule’ the most advanced region of the country at that time. The main reason for partition of Bengal was to destroy the political influence of the educated middle class among whom the Bengali intelligentsia were the most prominent. It also set up a communal gulf between Hindus and Muslims. The INC unanimously condemned the partition of Bengal.
- The Boycott and Swadeshi movement had its genesis in the anti partition movement which was started to oppose the British decision to divide Bengal.
- With the start of the Swadeshi Movement at the turn of the country, the Indian National Movement took a major leap forward.
- The INC took up the Swadeshi call in Benaras Session, 1905 presided over by G.K. Gokhale and supported the Swadesh and Boycott Movement of Bengal. Militant nationalism spearheaded by Trio of Lal-Bal-Pal (Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal) and Aurobindo Ghosh was however, in favour of extending the movement to the rest of India and carrying it beyond the programme of just Swadeshi and Boycott of goods to full-fledged political mass struggle.
- On August 7, 1905, a resolution to boycott British goods were adopted at a meeting of the INC held in Calcutta. It was started as a purely economic measure for the development of Indian industry.
- Bonefire of foreign goods was launched on a large scale in all the major cities. Tilak took the movement to different parts of India esp. in Pune and Mumbai. Ajit Singh and Lala Lajpat Ray spread the Swadeshi message in Punjab and other parts of Northern India. Syed Haidar Raza set up the agenda in Delhi. Rawalpindi, Kangra, Jammu Multan andHardwar witnessed active public participation in Swadeshi movement. Chidambram Pillaitook the movement to Madras Presidency which was also galvanized by Bipin Chandra Pal’s extensive lecture tour.
Know More About Our Freedom Struggle
- Freedom Struggle
- Nature of the Revolt of 1857
- Indian National Congress (I. N. C.)
- Partition of Bengal
- Rowlatt Act and Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
- Khilafat movement and Non-Cooperation Movement
- Salt March(Satyagraha and Three Round Table Conference)
- The Government of India Act, 1935
- Congress Ministries Resign and Pakistan Resolution
- Quit India Movement
- Azad Hind Fauj
- Mount-batten Plan and the Indian Independence Act