Khilafat Movement and Non-Cooperation Movement
We are Enjoying Our Freedom Today is all because of our Freedom Fighters Struggle and Lot More, Let us Appreciate and Remember our Great Legends who fought for our Freedom, We all are so Fortunate to Enjoy all Privileges. On the Eve of Independence Day let us go back to our past and have a overview of it. Himalai is trying to bring the best possible Memories of the Struggle which made us to Proudly say we are Independent.
Let us have a look at the Freedom Struggle we Fought and we are bring it in a Educative model which can make you enjoy the freedom struggle and prepare for the exam.
Khilafat movement (1920-22):
The Caliph (or Kahlifa) Sultan of Turkey, was looked upon by the Muslims as their religious head. During the first World War, when the safety and welfare of Turkey were threatened by the British thereby weakening the Caliph’s position, Indian Muslims adopted an aggressive anti-British attitude. The Ali Brothers- Mohammad Ali and Shaukat Ali- launched an anti-British movement in 1920 – the Khilafat Movement for the restoration of the Khilafat. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Also led the movement. It was supported by Gandhiji and INC which paved the way for Hindu-Muslim unity.
Non-Cooperation Movement (19120-22):
At the Calcutta session in Sep. 1920, the Congress resolved in favour of the Non-cooperation Movement and defined Swaraj as its ultimate aim (according to Gandhi). The movement envisaged :
(i)Surrender of titles and honorary offices and resignation from nominated offices,
(ii)Refusal to attend government darbars and official functions and boycott of British courts by the lawyers.
(iii) Refusal of general public to offer themselves for military and other government jobs, and boycott of foreign goods etc. Gandhiji, along with the Ali Brothers (of Khilafat Movement fame) undertook a nationawide tour during addressing of meetings. The educational boycott was specially successful in Bengal with Punjab too, responding under the leadership of Lal Lajpat Rai. Apart from educational boycott, there was boycott of law courts which saw major lawyers like Motilal Nehru, C.R.Das, C.Rajagopalachari, Saifuddin Kitchlu, Vallabh Bhai Patel, Aruna Asaf Ali, etc. giving up their lucrative practices in their fields. The non-cooperation movement also saw picketing of shops selling foreign cloth and boycott of the foreign cloth by the followers of Gandhiji. Another dramatic event during this period was the visit of the prince of Wales. The day he landed in India (in Bombay on No.17, 1921) he was greeted with empty streets and downed shutters wherever he went.
The attack on a local police station by angry peasants at Chauri-Chaura, in Gorakhpur district of UP, on Feb.5, 1922 changed the whole situation. Gandhiji, shocked by Chauri-Chaura incident, withdrew the Non-cooperation Movement on Feb.12, 1922.
Know More About Our Freedom Struggle
- Freedom Struggle
- Nature of the Revolt of 1857
- Indian National Congress (I. N. C.)
- Partition of Bengal
- Rowlatt Act and Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
- Khilafat movement and Non-Cooperation Movement
- Salt March(Satyagraha and Three Round Table Conference)
- The Government of India Act, 1935
- Congress Ministries Resign and Pakistan Resolution
- Quit India Movement
- Azad Hind Fauj
- Mount-batten Plan and the Indian Independence Act