We are Enjoying Our Freedom Today is all because of our Freedom Fighters Struggle and Lot More, Let us Appreciate and Remember our Great Legends who fought for our Freedom, We all are so Fortunate to Enjoy all Privileges. On the Eve of Independence Day let us go back to our past and have a overview of it. Himalai is trying to bring the best possible Memories of the Struggle which made us to Proudly say we are Independent.

Let us have a look at the Freedom Struggle we Fought and we are bring it in a Educative model which can make you enjoy the freedom struggle and prepare for the exam.


Indian National Congress (I. N. C.)


Indian National Congress (I. N. C.): Bombay, 1885, A.O. Hume

  • The Indian National Union was formed in 1884 by A. O. Hume, an Englishman and a retired civil servant, in association with various national leaders who called for a conference in Pune in December 1885.
  • The conference received the unanimous support of all Indian leaders, but the venue was shifted to Bombay for various reasons (esp, outbreak of cholera in Pune).
  • Further, the leaders decided to rename the Indian National Union as Indian National Congress.
  • The first session of the Indian National Congress was held at Gokiladas Tejpal Sanskrit College in Bombay under the president ship of W.C. Bannerji, a veteran lawyer of Calcutta.
  • It was attended by 72 delegates from all over India.
  • From 1885 onwards the INC are described in history as those of moderate demands and a sense of confidence in British justice and generosity. Their aim was not to be aggressive for attaining independence lest the British should suppress this. This resulted in Indian Council Act in 1892 which allowed some members to be indirectly elected by Indians but keeping the official majority intact.
  • Modern Leaders : Dada Bhai Naoroji, A. O .HUME, BADRUDDIN Tayebji, M.G. Ranade, W.C. Bannerji, Ferozshah Mehta, Surendra Nath Bannerji, C. Shankaran Naiyar, Madan Mohan Malviya, V.S. Shrinivas Shastri, Tej Bahadur, Sapru, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Anand Mohan Bose, E. Dinesh Wacha, Ras Bihari Ghosh, Mohal Lal Ghosh, P. Anand Charlu, C. Y.Chintamani, R.C. Dutt, S. Subrahmanyam Aiyer, K.T. Tailang, Madhusudan Das, Rahimtulla M. Sayani

Select Opinions about INC

  • ‘INC represents only a microscopic minorities.’ –Lord Dufferin (1884-88)(Contemporary Viceroy)
  • ‘The congress is tottering to its fall, and one of my great ambitions, while in India, is to assist it to a peaceful demise.’-Lord Carzon (1899-1905) (Viceroy)
  • ‘INC is a begging institute.’ – Aurobindo Ghosh (Extremist Leader)
  • ‘INC should distinguished between begging and claiming the rights.’ –Bal Gangadhar Tilak (Extreme Leader).
  • ‘INC playing with bubbles.’ – Bipin Chandra Pal (Extreme Leader)


Know More About Our Freedom Struggle 

  1. Freedom Struggle
  2. Nature of the Revolt of 1857
  3. Indian National Congress (I. N. C.)
  4. Partition of Bengal
  5. Rowlatt Act and Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
  6. Khilafat movement and Non-Cooperation Movement
  7. Salt March(Satyagraha and Three Round Table Conference)
  8. The Government of India Act, 1935
  9. Congress Ministries Resign and Pakistan Resolution
  10. Quit India Movement
  11. Azad Hind Fauj
  12. Mount-batten Plan and the Indian Independence Act