CHAPTER WISE HISTORY MCQ’S WITH EXPLANATIONS

Today’s Topic: Cultural Interaction with Outside World And Stone Age Culture / the Neolithic Age/ Chalcolithic Culture in India

These are most-important and most-expected Questions for IAS Prelims General Studies paper-1 (History) of UPSC Civil Service exam. We are providing subject wise,chapter wise and topic wise questions and answers with explanation analysis.

Every Thursday we are coming with General Studies-History subject, Questions will be both theoretical and fact based.

Today’s Topic: Cultural Interaction with Outside World And Stone Age Culture / the Neolithic Age/ Chalcolithic Culture in India

The Prehistoric Period

  • The prehistoric period in the history of in an kind can roughly be dated from 2,00,000 BC to about 3500-2500 BC, when the first civilizations began to take shape.
  • History of India is no exception.
  • The first modern human beings or the Homo sapiens set foot on the Indian subcontinent somewhere between 2,00,000 BC and 40,00,000 BC and soon spread through a large part of the subcontinent, including peninsular India.
  • They continuously flooded the Indian subcontinent in waves of migration from what is present-day Iran.
  • These primitive people moved in groups of few “families” and lived mainly on hunting and gathering.

Stone Age

  • The age when the prehistoric man began to use stones for utilitarian purpose is called as the Stone Age.
  • Stone age is divided into three broad divisions – Paleolithic age or Old stone age (from unknown till 8000 BC), mesolithic age or middle stone age (8000 BC – 4000 BC) and Neolithic age or new stone age (4000 BC – 2500 BC) on the basis of the specialization of stone tools, which were made during that time.

Neolithic Age

  • Neolithica age (4000 BC – 2500 BC) or New stone age was the last phase of stone age and is characterized by very finely flaked small stone tools, also known as blades and burins.
  • Neolithica age also saw domestication of cattle, horses and other farm animals.
  • An important invention of this time was the wheel.
  • Neolithic age quickly gave way to a number of small “cultures” that were highly technical.

Chalcolithic Phase

  • Towards the end of Neolithic period, metals like bronze and copper began to be used.
  • This was the chalcolithic phase (1800 BC – 1000 BC).
  • Chalcolithic cultures extended from the Chota Nagpur plateau to the upper Gangetic basin.
  • Some of the sites of this era are Brahmgiri (near Mysore) and Navada Toli on River Narmada

 

MCQ’S of Cultural Interaction with Outside World And Stone Age Culture / the Neolithic Age/ Chalcolithic Culture in India

1. Consider the following statements:

  1. The famous kingdom of Kambuja (Cambodia) was ruled by the kings of Indian origin.
  2. The stories of Ramayana and Mahabharata are narrated on the walls of famous Angkorvat temple. Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

a)Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: C

Explanation: In Kambuja, Kaudinya dynasty of Indian origin ruled from the first century AD. The kings of Kambuja built an empire which at its height included almost whole of modern Vietnam and Malaya. Angkarvat temple near the city of Angkor thorn was dedicated to Vishnu. This temple was built between AD 1112 to 1180. The stories of Ramayana and Mahabharata are narrated in relief on the walls of the main temple and several galleries and causeways which run for several hundred metres. Hence, the correct option is C

2. Consider the following statements:

  1. In ancient times Srilanka was also known as Tamraparni.
  2. The Dipavansa and Mahavansa are well knows Srilankan Buddhist sources.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. a) Only 1            b) Only 2          c) Both 1 and 2          d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: C

Explanation: Buddhism played an important role in shaping Srilankan culture. The Dipavansa and Mahavansa are well known Srilankan. Buddhist sources: Srilankan literature, painting, dance, folklores, art and architecture etc., have been greatly influenced by India. In ancient times Srilanka was also known by the name of Tamraparni. Hence, the correct option is C.

Stone Age Culture / the Neolithic Age/ Chalcolithic Culture in India

3. Match the following:

Paleolithic Phase                    Tools used

A. Lower                                 1. Barrers and Blades

B. Middle                                2. Cleavers and Choppers

C. Upper                                 3. Burins and Scrapers

Code:             A          B          C

  1. a)          2          1           3
  2. b)          2          3           1
  3. c)          1           2          3
  4. d)          3           2          1

Ans: A

Explanation: The poleolithic age in India has been divided into three phases according to the nature of stone tools used by the people: lower, middle and upper. Hand onxes cleavers and choppers were used during lower paleolitic age. Middle Paleolithic phase is characterized by the use of stone tools made of talks mainly borers and blade. Upper Paleolithic phase is marked by burins and scraper. Hence the correct answer is option A

4. With reference to the paintings in the Mesolithic culture, consider the following statements:

1. Animals are the most frequently depicted subject

2. Adamgarh group of rock-shelter shows hunting scene of rhinocerous by large number of people.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

a) Only 1             b) Only 2           c) Both 1 and 2           d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: C

Explanation: In the Mesolithic period paintings, animals are the most frequently depicted subject either alone or in large and small groups and shown in various poses. There are also some hunting scenes of which the rhinocerous hunt from the Adamgarh group of rock- shelters is indicatives of the joining of large number of people for the hunt of bigger animals, hence, the correct option is C.

5.Consider the following statements:

1.The earliest human fossils have been found in Africa.

2.The earliest human beings were taller in height.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) Only 1           b) Only 2              c) Both 1 and 2                d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: A

Explanation: It is now well established that the earliest human fossils found in Africa date back to 4.2 million years. These specimens show that the earliest human beings were shorter in height and had a smaller brain. The human evolved over a period of there 42 lakhs years and the present form reached about 50000 year ago. Hence, the correct option is A

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