Distribution of Soil Health Cards (SHC) for optimal utilization of fertilizers
Soil Health Cards Scheme launched by Government for the ministry of Agriculture & Farmer’s welfare to increase fertilization. Himalai IAS Coaching Centre in Bangalore aims is to bring awareness about current affairs for the Civil Services Exam like IAS exam, KAS exam, banking exam.
Soil Health Card Scheme has been taken up for the first time in a comprehensive manner across the country. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched SHC scheme on 19 February 2015.
- Under the scheme the government plan to issue soil card to farmers to all farmers so as to enable the farmers to apply appropriate recommended dosages of nutrients for crop production and improving soil health and its fertilization.
The unique features of SHC scheme are :
- The main objective of the scheme is to aware growers about the amount of nutrients and fertilization and release higher yields at lower cost for the concerned crop depending on the quality of soil.
- Collecting soil samples at a grid of 10 ha in un-irrigated areas and 2.5 ha in irrigated areas.
- Uniform approach in soil testing adopted for 12 parameters namely primary nutrients (NPK), secondary nutrient (S), micronutrients (B,Zn, Mn. Fe & Cu) and other (pH, EC & OC) for comprehensiveness soil amendment require for the farm.
- GPS enabled soil sampling to create a systematic database and the authorities will monitor the soil on regular basis once in every 3 years they will provide reports to farmers about nature of soil.
In 1st cycle implementation in year 2015 to 2017, 10.73 crore soil health cards distributed to farmers and 2.53 crore soil samples were analysed.
The 2nd cycle from 1st May, 2017 to 2019 against target of 6.73 crore cards have been distributed to farmers, 2.73 crore soil samples and 1.98 crore samples tested, the target is to cover 12.04 crore farmers for the welfare of farmers.
To enable quick soil sample testing and distribution of soil health cards, the soil test infrastructure has been upgraded. Around 9263 soil testing labs have been sanctioned to States. In addition, 1562 village level soil testing projects have been sanctioned under Soil Health Card Scheme to generate employment for rural Development.