Cabinet approved Umbrella Scheme ‘O-SMART’ by Ministry of Earth Science

This scheme is to give Atmospheric & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services.This scheme is Organised in 2017-2020 at an estimated cost of Rs. 1450 crore and  implemented by the Ministry of Earth Sciences through its institutes namely India Meteorological Department ,

Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, National Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasting , and Indian National Center for Ocean Information Service.National Facility for Airborne Research to be set up This is the most important UPSC current affair published by Himalai IAS coaching center.

Providing Employment Opportunities

A sizable number of scientific and technical staff along with requisite administrative support, thereby generating employment.To ensure last-mile connectivity of the weather based services to the end -user, a large number of agencies like the Krishi Vigyana Kendras of Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Universities and local municipalities are roped in thus generating employment opportunities to many people.

Details of this scheme

ACROSS scheme pertains to the atmospheric science programs of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and addresses different aspects of weather and climate services, which includes warnings for cyclone, storm surges, heat waves,

The major impact of this scheme is to give services to climate  and   ocean   forecast  thereby ensuring transfer of commensurate benefits to the various services like Public weather service, disaster management, Agro-meteorological Services, Aviation services, Environmental monitoring services.


MoES has taken several initiatives to formulate specific schemes like augmentation of observing systems and infrastructure, understanding processes through special campaigns, weather and climate modelling, monsoon-research, climate change science & climate services etc. These schemes involve multi-institutes wherein each unit has a designated role for accomplishing the aforesaid tasks