• The International Day of Peace was designated in the year 1981 by the United Nations General Assembly. Two decades later, in 2001, the General Assembly unanimously voted to establish the Day as a period of non-violence and cease-fire.
  • It was celebrated to strengthen world peace among the nations and promote nonviolence.
  • Observing the contribution of world peace day celebration in promoting world peace, UN decided to fix a day for International peace day commemoration in 2000 general assembly.
  • Since then International peace day is celebrated on 21st September every year, to create awareness about reinforcing the ideal world peace that is yet to be achieved
  • Anonymously this day was also selected to be a day of global ceasefire and non-violence in 111th plenary meeting September 2001
  • World Peace Day 2020 or International peace day 2020 is observed today that is 21 September, Monday

International day of peace activities

UN’s Initiation of 17 Sustainable Development Goals

  • UN recognized that world peace can only be achieved through sustainable development all over the world, so in 2015 it established 17 Sustainable Development Goals.
  • In which goal 16 is dedicated to world peace as “Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions” promoting that justice and equality are the main ingredients for achieving world peace.
  • There is a constant threat of exploitation of children, women and vulnerable people around the world. For prevention of such crimes UN promoting of 17 Sustainable Development Goals on the occasion of Peace Day.

International Peace day themes

  • World peace day is celebrated with a different theme every year.
  • Previous Year International peace day 2019 theme was “Climate Action for Peace”

International Peace day 2020 theme is “Shaping Peace Together”

  • This year, it’s been clearer than ever that we aren’t each other’s enemies. Rather, our common enemy may be a tireless virus that threatens our health, security and really way of life. COVID-19 has thrown our world into turmoil and forcibly reminded us that what happens in one a part of the earth can impact people everywhere.
  • To celebrate its 75th anniversary, the UN has invited many people around the world to join UN75, the most important and furthest-reaching global conversation on building a peaceful and prosperous future that we would like..
  • Universal Declaration of Human right is a historical document that was drafted by many world leaders of different regions and cultural background to preserve the basic Human right, in 1948.
  • The Article 3 of UDHR builds the basic foundation of freedom and world peace which states that “Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person”

Previous Years Peace day themes


International Peace day themes

2018 The Right to Peace – The Universal Declaration of Human Rights at 70
2017 Together for Peace: Respect, Safety and Dignity for All
2016 The Sustainable Development Goals: Building Blocks for Peace
2015 Partnerships for Peace – Dignity for All
2014 The Right of Peoples to Peace
2013 Education for Peace
2012 Sustainable Peace for a Sustainable Future
2011 Peace and Democracy: Make your voice heard!
2010 Youth for Peace and Development

Peace Bell Ringing on International Peace Day

  • The Peace Bell in the peace garden of UN’s Headquarters was donated by Japan in 1954, it symbolizes the ‘Hope of Peace’.
  • The significance of the bell is that it is cast by coins and medals donated by representatives of a member of states and children.
  • UN’s Secretary-General will ring the peace bell every year as the celebration of international peace day

Peace day in India

  • India has ranked 137th place in the global peace index 2018, it is among few nations of South Asia which has improved its ranking, which means that crime rate of India has reduced and the government programs for violence prevention is working.
  • A joint association of National Oral Cancer Prevention Initiative, (NOCPI) in association with Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences (KIDS) have organized a campaign on the providing sanitization and creating awareness about the world peace among public citizen
  • A poster-making event and world peace discussion session is organized at Apeejay Stya University, New Delhi
  • Awareness about the importance of world peace is created through social media platforms through messages, videos etc..,

World Peace is not impossible but it can only be achieved with joint efforts from everyone, Himalai wants to create an awareness of world peace on this International Peace day 2020 as a part of Our India with world events.