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Indian civil service exam

A great man is different from an eminent one in that he is ready to be the servant of the society. - B.R.Ambedkar
Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
Overview
Indian Administrative Service (IAS) the premier service of Government of India was constituted in 1946. Prior to that Indian Imperial Service (1893-1946) was in force. As on 1.1.2013, sanctioned strength of IAS was 6217 comprising of 4313 posts to the filled by direct recruits and 1904 posts to be filled by promotion /appointment of State Civil Services officers/ Non-State Civil Service officers. The civil services have been a hallmark of governance in India. The Constitution provides that without depriving the States of their right to form their own Civil Services there shall be an All India service recruited on an All- India basis with common qualifications, with uniform scale of pay and the members of which alone could be appointed to these strategic posts throughout the Union.” No wonder that SardarVallabhai Patel, one of the eminent leaders of the freedom struggle referred to the ICS as the steel frame of the country. The civil services, therefore, represents the essential spirit of our nation – unity in diversity.
Recruitment
At present there are three modes of recruitment to IAS viz
  1. Through Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC every year
  2. Through promotion of State Civil Service officers to IAS
  3. Through selection of non – State Civil Service officers. Roughly 66(1/3%) posts are meant for Direct Recruitment and 33 (1/3%) posts are meant for promotion quota. Training
Both Direct Recruit as well as promotee IAS officers are imparted probationary training at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA). After completion of successful probation they are confirmed. Also, there is provision for ‘mandatory Mid Career Training for IAS officers spread across the entire service span.
Allocation of Cadre
Direct recruit IAS officers are allocated to State cadres/ Joint State Cadres on the basis of their rank, preference arid availability of vacancy in their category-at their turn–in terms of provisions of Cadre Allocation Policy of 2008 as amended from time to time Cadre Allocation Policy along with amendments is available on DOPT’s website for which link is (htto://nersmin.00v.in/AIS1/Docs/NewCadreAllocPolicv.pdf) .Officers recruited through other modes mentioned above are remain on their state cadre.
Functions of IAS officer
IAS officer is responsible for maintenance of law and order, revenue administration and general administration in the area under him. His functions broadly include:
  1. Collection of revenue and function as Courts in revenue matters
  2. Maintenance of law and order
  3. Function as Executive Magistrate
  4. Function as Chief Development Officer (CDO)/District Development Commissioner
  5. Supervision of implementation of policies of State Government and Central Government
  6. To travel to places to oversee implementation of policies
  7. Supervision of expenditure of public funds as per norms of financial propriety
  8. In the process of policy formulation and decision making, IAS officers at various levels like Joint Secretary, Deputy Secretary etc. make their contributions and the give final shape to policies;
  9. To handle the daily affairs of the government, including framing and implementation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge of the concerned Ministry Designations held by IAS officers during field posting
  10. SDO/SDM/Joint Collector/ Chief Development Officer (CDO)
  11. District Magistrate/District Collector/Deputy Commissioner
  12. Divisional Commissioner
  13. Member Board of Revenue
  14. Chairman 130ard of Revenue
Appointments to other Organizations / Bodies
Besides IAS officers can be appointed in autonomous organizations/sub ordinate organizations/PSUs/UN Organizations/international organizations like World Bank, Asian Development -barns in Various capacities. They also serve as Personal Secretaries to Ministers inCentral Government There is provision for deputationof IAS officers to private organizations-also-for a fixed tenure.
Designations during Posting in Secretariat of State Government/ Central Government An IAS Officer may hold various posts at different levels as under
Sl. No Designation Remarks
  1. Under Secretary in Government of India Gets Senior Time Scale (PB-3 with Rs 6600 Grade Pay) after completion of four years of service.
  2. Deputy Secretary in Government of India Gets Junior Administrative Grade (PB-3 with Rs 7600 Grade Pay) after completion of 9 years of service
  3. Director in Government of India Gets Selection Grade (PB-4 with Rs 8700 Grade Pay) after completion of 13 years of service
  4. Joint Secretary to Government of India / Secretary in State Government Gets Selection Grade (PB-4 with Rs 8700 Grade Pay) after completion of 13 years of service
  5. Additional Secretary in Government of India / Principal Secretary in State Government Gets Higher Administrative Grade after completion of 25 years of service.
  6. Secretary to Government of India / Chief Secretary Gets Apex Scale (Rs 80000 fixed) after completion of 30 years of service.
  7. Cabinet Secretary 90000 fixed
Procedures Governing Promotion
In the career span of an IAS officer ESTs-eligible-for raise—in salary and promotions. The promotions take place after evaluating the performance on the basis of Performance Appraisal Reports, vigilance clearance and scrutiny of overall record of the officers concerned by following laid down procedures. The scrutiny for promotion is done by a Committee of senior civil servants constituted for the purpose. Promotions are dependent on the time period spent by an officer in a particular grade. Specified number of years of service is a pre-requisite to be eligible for promotion. These time-bound promotions have been envisaged to attract and retain the best talent in the country.
Assessment of Suitability for Promotion & Posting
For posting, promotion and manning of posts held in the Centre and State Government and in order to judge their suitability for various assignments, on annual basis, performance of each and every officer is captured through an instrument of Performance Appraisal known as Performance Appraisal Report i.e., PAR. This report is initiated by the officer himself, listing out the various achievements and completion of activities with reference to targets assigned to him and mutually agreed upon and this report is written and commented by the next immediate officer and further reviewed by the officer higher in hierarchy than the Reporting Officer. For All India Services, there is one more authority who accepts the PAR reported and reviewed by the Reporting Officer and Reviewing Officer.
Regulations Governing IAS
IAS officers are regulated through different All India Services Rules such as AIS (Conduct) Rules, 1968, AIS (PAR) Rules, 2007, AIS (DCRB) Rules, 1958, AIS (Cadre) Rules, 1954, AIS (Pay) Rules, 2007 etc. which are made under the powers conferred by the All India Services Act, 1951.
References
Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
A Backgrounder
The origin of the Indian Foreign Service can be traced back to the British rule when the Foreign Department was created to conduct business with the “Foreign European Powers”. In fact it was on September 13, 1783, when the Board of Directors of the East India Company passed a resolution at Fort William, Calcutta (now Kolkata), to create a department, which could help “relieve the pressure” on the Warren Hastings administration in conducting its “secret and political business”. Subsequently known as the “Indian Foreign Department”, it went ahead with the expansion of diplomatic representation, wherever necessary, to protect British interests. In 1843, Governor-General Ellenborough carried out administrative reforms under which the Secretariat of the Government was organized under four departments – Foreign, Home, Finance and Military. Each was headed by a Secretary level officer. The foreign department Secretary was entrusted with the “conduct of all correspondence belonging to the external and internal diplomatic relations of the government”. From the very beginning, a distinction was maintained between the “foreign” and “political” functions of the Foreign Department; relations with all “Asiatic powers” (including native princely states of India during the British Raj) were treated as “political” and with all European powers as “foreign”. Although the Government of India Act, 1935 sought to delineate more clearly functions of the “Foreign” and “Political” wings of the Foreign Department, it was soon realized that it was administratively imperative to completely bifurcate the Foreign department. Consequently, the External Affairs Department was set up separately under the direct charge of the Governor-General. The idea of establishing a separate diplomatic service to handle the external activities of the Government of India originated from a note dated September 30, 1944, recorded by Lt-Gen T. J. Hutton, Secretary, Planning and Development Department of the Government. When this note was referred to the Department of External Affairs for comments, Mr Olaf Caroe, the Foreign Secretary, recorded his comments in an exhaustive note detailing the scope, composition and functions of the proposed service. MrCaroe pointed out that as India emerged to a position of autonomy and national consciousness, it was imperative to build up a system of representation abroad that would be in complete harmony with the objectives of the future government. In September 1946, on the eve of India’s independence, the Government of India decided to create a service called the Indian Foreign Service for India’s diplomatic, consular and commercial representation overseas. In 1947, there was a near seamless transformation of the Foreign and Political department of the British India government into what then became the new Ministry of External Affairs and Commonwealth Relations and in 1948 the first batch recruited under the combined Civil service examination system of the Union Public Service Commission joined the service. This system of entry has remained the staple mode of intake into the IFS to this day.
Training
On selection to the Indian Foreign Service through the combined Civil Services examination, the new entrants undergo a multi-faceted and comprehensive training programme intended to give them a thorough grounding in diplomatic knowledge, diplomatic qualities and diplomatic skills. The probationers commence their training, together with their colleagues from the other All India Services, at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussourie. Thereafter the probationers join the Foreign Service Institute in New Delhi and undergo focused training in the various disciplines that a career diplomat needs to familiarise himself with. The Foreign Service Institute course involves lectures, attachments with various wings of the Government as well as familiarisation tours both within the country and abroad. The aim of this course is to inculcate in the diplomatic recruit a strong sense of history, knowledge of diplomacy and international relations and a grasp of general economic and political principles. At the conclusion of the training programme the officer is assigned his/her compulsory foreign language (CFL). After a brief period of desk attachment in the Ministry of External Affairs the officer is posted to an Indian Mission abroad in a country where his CFL is the native language and enrolled in a language course. The officer is expected to develop proficiency in his CFL and pass the requisite examination before he is confirmed in service.
Career
A Foreign Service Officer begins his career abroad as a Third Secretary and is promoted to Second Secretary as soon as he is confirmed in service. Subsequent promotions are to the levels of First Secretary, Counsellor, Minister and Ambassador/High Commissioner/Permanent Representative. Officers can also be posted to Indian Consulates abroad where the hierarchy (going upwards) is Vice-Consul, Consul and Consul General. The hierarchy at the Ministry of External Affairs includes 6 stages: Under Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Director, Joint Secretary, Additional Secretary and Secretary.
Functions
As a career diplomat, the Foreign Service Officer is required to project India’s interests, both at home and abroad on a wide variety of issues. These include bilateral political and economic cooperation, trade and investment promotion, cultural interaction, press and media liaison as well as a whole host of multilateral issues. The functions of an Indian diplomat may be summarized as: Representing India in its Embassies, High Commissions, Consulates, and Permanent Missions to multilateral organisations like UN; Protecting India’s national interests in the country of his/her posting; Promoting friendly relations with the receiving state as also its people, including NRI / PIOs; Reporting accurately on developments in the country of posting which are likely to influence the formulation of India’s policies; Negotiating agreements on various issues with the authorities of the receiving state; and Extending consular facilities to foreigners and Indian nationals abroad. At home, Ministry of External Affairs is responsible for all aspects of external relations. Territorial divisions deal with bilateral political and economic work while functional divisions look after policy planning, multilateral organizations, regional groupings, legal matters, disarmament, protocol, consular, Indian Diaspora, press and publicity, administration and other aspects.
Strength
In recent years, the intake into the Indian Foreign Service has averaged between 8-15 persons annually. The present cadre strength of the service stands at approximately 600 officers manning around 162 Indian missions and posts abroad and the various posts in the Ministry at home.
References
Indian Police Service (IPS)
Overview
The Indian Police Service or IPS, is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India. In 1948, a year after India gained independence from Britain, the Indian (Imperial) Police, was replaced by the Indian Police Service. The First Police Commission, appointed on 17 August 1865, contained detailed guidelines for the desired system of police in India and defined the police as a governmental department to maintain order, enforce the law, and to prevent and detect crime. The Indian Police Service is not a force itself but a service providing leaders and commanders to staff the state police and all-India Central Armed Police Forces. Its members are the senior officers of the police.
Objective
With the passage of time Indian Police Service’s objectives were updated and redefined, the current rules and functions of an Indian Police Service Officer are as follows:
To fulfill duties based on border responsibilities, in the areas of maintenance of public peace and order, crime prevention, investigation, and detection, collection of intelligence, VIP security, counter-terrorism, border policing, railway policing, tackling smuggling, drug trafficking, economic offences, corruption in public life, disaster management, enforcement of socio-economic legislation, bio-diversity and protection of environmental laws etc. Leading and commanding the Indian Intelligence Agencies like Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW), Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigations (CBI), Criminal Investigation Department (CID) etc., Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, Civil and Armed Police Forces in all the states and union territories. Leading and commanding the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) which include the Central Police Organisations (CPO) and Central Paramilitary Forces (CPF) such as Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Vigilance Organisations, Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies. Serve as head of the departments in policy making in the Ministries and Departments of Central and State Governments and public sector undertakings both at centre and states, Government of India. To interact and coordinate closely with the members of other All India Services and also with the Indian Armed Forces primarily with the Indian Army. Last but not the least, to lead and command the force with courage, uprightness, dedication and a strong sense of service to the people. Endeavour to inculcate in the police forces under their command such values and norms as would help them serve the people better. Inculcate integrity of the highest order, sensitivity to aspirations of people in a fast-changing social and economic milieu, respect for human rights, broad liberal perspective of law and justice and high standard of professionalism.
Recruitment
At present there are three modes of recruitment to the Indian Police Service. These are as follows:
Through Limited Competitive Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission. Through appointment of State Police Service officers by promotion.
Training
All the officers of Indian Police Service undergo probationary training at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad. After successful completion of probation, officers are confirmed in the service. Also, there is provision for mandatory Mid Career Training for IPS officers spread across the entire service span.
Allocation of Cadre
Successful candidates of Civil Services Examination allocated to the Indian Police Service are allocated to State Cadres/ Joint Cadres on the basis of their rank, preference and availability of vacancies in their category at their turn in terms of provisions of Cadre Allocation Policy of 2008 as amended from time to time. Officers recruited through promotions from State Police Services remain in their State Cadres.
Designations held by IPS officers and corresponding Pay structure
Rank Time-Scale Pay-Scale Grade Pay
SP Junior Scale Rs. 15600-39100 Rs. 5400
Senior Scale Rs. 15600-39100 Rs. 6600
Junior Administrative Grade Rs. 15600-39100 Rs. 7600
Selection Grade Rs. 37400-67000 Rs. 8700
DIG Super-time Scale Rs. 37400-67000 Rs. 8900
IG Super-time Scale Rs. 37400-67000 Rs. 10000
ADG Above Super-time Scale Rs. 67000-79000 Nil
DG Above Super-time Scale HAG Rs. 75500- 80000 (Increment @ 3%) Nil
    Rs. 80000 Fixed Nil
References
Indian P&T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’ (IP & TAFS)
Overview
Indian Post & Telecommunication Accounts and Finance Service Group ‘A’ (IP&TAFS Gr. ‘A’) was constituted in 1973. This is an organized Accounts & Finance Service and caters to Department of Telecom & Department of Posts. IP&T AFS Gr.”A” carries with it a definite liability for posting in any part of India. Most of the posts are at Capital Cities.
Recruitment
The members of the service are recruited through Civil Service Examinations conducted by UPSC or by promotion from the feeder grade of Group ‘B’ of P&T Accounts and Finance Service.
Training
Candidates appointed to the service through the Civil Service Examination shall be on probation for a period of two years and shall attend such Training and undergo such examination/tests as may be prescribed from time to time in various training centers as decided by the Cadre Controlling Authority. The indicative training for probationers is as follows:-
Sl.No Module Institution Duration
1 Foundation Course DOPT designated institution 16 days
2 Professional Training Course National Institute of Finance Management, Faridabad 44 weeks
3 Department Training National Institute of Communication Finance, Ghitorni, New Delhi 36 weeks
Functions
As a career diplomat, the Foreign Service Officer is required to project India’s interests, both at home and abroad on a wide variety of issues. These include bilateral political and economic cooperation, trade and investment promotion, cultural interaction, press and media liaison as well as a whole host of multilateral issues. The functions of an Indian diplomat may be summarized as: Representing India in its Embassies, High Commissions, Consulates, and Permanent Missions to multilateral organisations like UN; Protecting India’s national interests in the country of his/her posting; Promoting friendly relations with the receiving state as also its people, including NRI / PIOs; Reporting accurately on developments in the country of posting which are likely to influence the formulation of India’s policies; Negotiating agreements on various issues with the authorities of the receiving state; and Extending consular facilities to foreigners and Indian nationals abroad. At home, Ministry of External Affairs is responsible for all aspects of external relations. Territorial divisions deal with bilateral political and economic work while functional divisions look after policy planning, multilateral organizations, regional groupings, legal matters, disarmament, protocol, consular, Indian Diaspora, press and publicity,
Strength
In recent years, the intake into the Indian Foreign Service has averaged between 8-15 persons annually. The present cadre strength of the service stands at approximately 600 officers manning around 162 Indian missions and posts abroad and the various posts in the Ministry at home.
References
Indian Audit & Accounts Service, Group ‘A’ (IA & AS)
Overview
Indian Audit and Accounts Department has a unitary structure in a federal setup. The Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IAAS), a formalized civil services cadre of the Union of India, forms the middle and top level management of the organization, through which the Comptroller and Auditor General of India exercises its mandate. The 600 odd IAAS officers have a multi-disciplinary academic background and include experts in various fields.

The IAAS officers, while working for a constitutional authority, have the benefits of a working environment which promotes pursuit for professional excellence in public service without fear or favour. Working in these offices an IAAS officer has the opportunities to work in areas which interface with diverse arms and tiers of the Government. Be it armed forces, large public service under takings or village panchayat, an IAAS officer has the opportunity to experience and contribute to the public good in all facets of government.

The officers are drawn from diverse academic and professional disciplines such as financial management, accountancy, costing, law, engineering, economics and so on. Quite a few of them have excellent exposure to information technology. The officers attend specially designed executive development and management development programmes at suitable intervals. They are deputed to a variety of studies and training relevant to the work in the department organised by other institutions within and outside the country. They are also placed on secondment to Union/State Governments. The experience thus gained is of great help in the discharge of audit functions. Conferences and Workshops participated in by senior officers are held periodically to discuss the problems faced in the department and to find solutions to them.

The officers directly recruited to the service are exposed to a foundational course at the National Academy of Administration, and imparted professional training – theoretical and practical – at the National Academy of Audit and Accounts and the National Institute of Financial Management in the areas of accounting and auditing, financial management, personnel regulations, cost and management accounting, management concepts, quantitative techniques and electronic data processing. This is supplemented by practical training in the field formations of the department. During this period, the officers are also required to qualify in two professional examinations conducted by the Department. The officers promoted to the service also go through on intensive orientation course. The IAAS Officers are valued in the bureaucracy for their multi-faceted experience and expertise in the area of Audit, Accounts and finance. Not surprisingly, several of them have stints in key positions in the union ministries of Government of India. The IAAS Officers work in an environment which promotes continuous professional up-gradation. With increasing international exposure due to collaborative working framework of Supreme Audit Institutions of the world, auditing international bodies like the UN, WHO, and bilateral/multilateral assignments with other countries, the IAAS officers stay on the cutting edge of the profession. Valued world over they are sought after internationally. IAAS Officers have been borrowed out to organizations like the United Nations, IDI and various other countries for their expertise and skills.
References
Indian Revenue Service (Customs & Central Excise), Group ‘A’ (C & CE)
Overview of Indian Revenue Service:
Indian Revenue Service (IRS) is the largest Group A Central Service amongst the organised civil services in the Government of India. IRS serves the nation through discharging one of the most important sovereign functions i.e., collection of revenue for development, security and governance.

An IRS officer starts in Group A as Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax. Recruitment at this level is through the Civil Services Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission. Income Tax Officers (Group B gazetted) also enter into IRS by way of promotion. The Indian Revenue Service Recruitment Rules regulate the selection and career prospects of an IRS officer.

IRS plays a pivotal role in collection of Direct Taxes (mainly Income Tax & Wealth Tax) in India which form a major part of the total tax revenue in the country. The relative contribution of Direct Taxes to the overall tax collection of the Central Government has risen from about 36% to 56% over the period 2000-01 to 2013-14. The contribution of Direct taxes to GDP has doubled (from about 3% to 6%) during the same period.

IRS officers administer the Direct Taxes laws through the Income Tax Department (ITD) whose logo is ‘kosh mulo dandah’. The ITD is one of the largest departments of the Government of India with a sanctioned strength of about 75000 employees, including 4921 duty posts in the IRS, spread over 550 locations all over the country. An Income Tax office is located in almost every district of India.

At the apex level, the Central Board of-Direct Taxes (CBDT) constituted under the Central Boards of Revenue Act, 1963 is responsible for administration and supervision of the ITD in the Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue. The CBDT consists of a Chairperson and . 6 Members who are of the rank and status of Special Secretary to the Government ‘of India. The Chairperson and Members are supported by Joint Secretaries/Commissioners, Directors, Deputy Secretaries, Under Secretaries, Section Officers, Assistants and other support staff; structured on the standard lines of other departments of the Central Government. The CBDT is responsible for formulating policies relating to Direct Taxes and ensuring their due implementation. As proper administration of the ITD requires due exposure to and expertise in the tax laws, business and financial practices, accounting etc apart from other aspects of economy and administration, most of the positions in the CBDT from Under Secretary level upwards are manned by IRS officers. Below the CBDT are regional level field offices, each headed by a Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax (PCCIT) who is placed in the apex scale. There are 18 regions headed by PCCsIT below which Aber,* are Chief Commissioners and Principal Commissioners who are responsible to ensure proper functioning of the field formation.
Indicative hierarchy of the IRS officers in the field formation is as under
Designation Pay-Scale
Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 80,000 (fixed)
Chief Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 75,500-80,000
Principal Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 67,000-79,000
Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 37,400-67,000 + grade pay of Rs. 10,000
Additional Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 37,400-67,000 + grade pay of Rs. 8,700
Joint Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 15,600-39,100 + grade pay of Rs. 7,600
Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 15,600-39,100 + grade pay of Rs. 6,600
Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 15,600-39,100 + grade pay of Rs.5,400
The IRS officers are assisted by the Income Tax Officers, Income Tax Inspectors and support staff.
Role of IRS officers in the Government of India
IRS officers serve the Government of India in different capacities/roles. While administering , Direct Taxes through the ITD, they formulate policies, implement such policies and discharge the functions of an investigator, quasi-judicial authority, prosecutor and negotiator of International Agreements etc. Their main roles could be briefly described as under:

Policy Formulation

The taxation policies are dynamic and keep changing with the emerging needs of the economy and the country. The tax policy is not limited to raising of revenue. As a part of the overall policy of the Government of India, the tax policy also serves as a tool to address several other objectivesin the process of development of the country. These objectives may include providing for incentives and disincentives in the target areas/segments of the economy. Appropriate policy interventions in the Direct Taxes are formulated by the IRS officers based upon the experience in the field formation and other relevant inputs from various sources and submitted to the Government through the CBDT.

Tax Administrator- Investigator, quasi -judicial authority and prosecutor

Levy and collection of the tax is the main function of an IRS officer in the field formation. Majority of the officers are, therefore, involved in this function in some way or the other. The process of tax collection is mainly driven through the regime of voluntary compliance in which the tax payers have to pay their taxes as per the mandate of the law, following the procedure laid down including • mandatory filing of returns of income or other specified statements. However, there is always a gap between the expected and the achieved level of compliance. Main reason for the gap may include tax evasion through willful suppression of material facts/ aggressive tax planning or mistakes committed by the tax payers. With a view to detect such aberrations and promote voluntary compliance, several interventions are done through selective scrutiny (examination) of returns/statements, surveys, search & seizure etc. In serious cases of defaults, criminal prosecutions are instituted after completing requisite investigation. In the process, the IRS officers discharge the functions of an investigator, quasi-judicial authority and prosecutor.

Global crusade against black money

One of the most important functions of IRS is detection and curbing black money in the country. While taking all possible measures in this regard domestically, IRS officers are also responsible to negotiate International Agreements with other tax jurisdictions, to plug misuse of international financial processes for tax evasion and avoidance. India has been playing a prominent role, inter alia, in developing the new global standards on automatic exchange of information which would enable the tax authorities to receive information about taxpayers hiding their money in offshore financial centers and tax havens through multi-layered entities with non-transparent ownership, on an automatic basis.
Serving other Ministries/Departments/Organisations on deputation
Besides working in the ITD/Department of Revenue, IRS officers serve other Ministries/Departments/Organisations in different capacities on deputation.
Training & Capacity Building
Induction Training On joining the service, IRS officers are trained mainly at National Academy of. Direct Taxes (NADT), located at Nagpur, which is one of the premier National Academies of the Government of India. NADT conducts the Induction training for IRS officers and the Foundation Course for other services as well. After the Foundation Course of about 4 months, the officers undergo intensive training of sixteen months in specially designed modules in taxation and allied laws, accounting, public finance, fiscal policy, office procedure etc. The training also includes attachment to various field offices/organisations across the country, India study tour and international attachment to different countries giving exposure on global . best practices in taxation.

Mid-Career Training There are various mid-career training programmes for IRS officers with a view to keep them abreast of the latest developments _in the areas of governance, particularly taxation, finance and management. These include the Advanced Mid Career Training (AMCTP) which is conducted’ in 3 phases. Phase I is for Joint/Additional Commissioners, Phase-II is for Commissioners/Principal Commissioners and Phase-III is for Chief Commissioners/Principal Chief Commissioners. The AMCTP generally consists of a 3 week domestic module held at premier Management Institutes in the country followed by “a 2 week International component at internationally acclaimed Universities, depending on their areas of expertise.
Career Prospects at a glance
An IRS officer could rise up-to the Apex Scale (Rs.80,000 fixed plus allowances) at the post of Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax in the ITD. At the apex level, he can also get selected as a Member or Chairperson of the CBDT. The intermediate grades in this career progression are Deputy Commissioner, Joint Commissioner, Additional Commissioner, Commissioner, Principal Commissioner and Chief Commissioner of Income Tax.

With increased scope for international cooperation in the work areas of exchange of information, transfer pricing, and taxation of cross-border transactions, the Government of India decided to create a network of Income Tax Overseas Units (ITOUs). Besides serving within the country, IRS officers also serve in such ITOUs which are part of the Indian Missions select places abroad.

An IRS officer is also eligible to be selected as Member of the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Authority for Advance Ruling, Income Tax Settlement Commission and Income Tax Ombudsman as per the prescribed eligibility criteria.

IRS officers, at different levels, serve other Ministries/Departments 4 Organisations under Central Staffing Scheme and other deputations on the lines of officers of All India Services (Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service & Indian Forest Service) and other Central Services.
References
Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’ (IDAS)
Overview
The Defence Accounts Department (DAD) traces its origin to the Military Finance Department, in India which was working under the crown and is thus one of the oldest Departments of the Government of India. Headed by the Controller General of Defence Accounts, the Department is mandated to provide financial advice, payment, accounting and internal audit functions in respect of Army, Navy, Air Force, Ordnance Factories, Defence Research and Development Organization, Border Road Organization and Canteen Stores Department and other allied organizations. The Department performs these functions in behalf Adviser (Defence Services)/Secretary (Defence Finance), who functions in the dual capacity as the Principal Representative of the Ministry of Finance and as the Chief Accounting Officer for the Defence Services.
Recruitment
At present there are two modes of recruitment to IDAS viz (i) Through Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC every year; and (ii) Through promotion of Senior Accounts Officers (Gp ‘B’) to IDAS.
Training
The foundation training on joining the Indian Defence Accounts Service is imparted along with the other Central/All India services in any one of the National Academy. This is followed by induction training at CENTRAD, Brar Square, Delhi Cantt, followed by Professional Training Course at NIFM, Faridabad and Departmental Training at NADFM, Pune. After successful completion of probation period of two years and passing of Departmental Examinations, as prescribed, they are confirmed into Junior Time Scale (JTS) Grade of IDAS.
Functions of IDAS officer
Provide financial advice, payment, accoutning and internal audit functions in respect of Army, Navy, Air Force, Ordance Factories, Defence Reserarch and Development Organization, Border Road Organization and Canteen Stores Department and other allied organizations.
Designations held by IDAS officers during their posting
Level(Grade) Designations in different offices
HQrs Office PCsDA/CsDA Factory Side IFA Side
JTS ACGDA ACDA ACFA DyIFA
STA Sr.ACGDA DCDA DCFA SrDyIFA
JAG DyCGDA Jt.CDA Jt.CFA DyIFA
NFSG Sr.DyCGD Addl.CDA Addl.CFA Addl.IFA
SAG Jt.CGDA CDA CFA CFA
HAG PCDA PCA Pr.IFA
HAG+ Addl.CGDA
APEX+ CGDA
Appointments to other Organizations/Bodies
Besides departmental postings, IDAS officers can be appointed in other organizations including in Ministries/Departments of Govt. of India at Deputy Secretary/Director/joint Secretary/Additional Secretary levels on deputation basis under Central Staffing Scheme (CSS) of Govt. of India and other non-CSS deputation as per administrative feasibility.

The significant contributions made by IDAS officers while on deputation have resulted in a constant demand for the cadre from Central and State Governments. Ministries/Departments under the Government of India such as banking, economic affairs, petroleum, commerce, agriculture, telecom, urban development, power, etc. have been enriched by the contribution of IDAS officers.

IDAS officers are also appointed overseas as a part of Indian Army contingent participating in various UN peacekeeping Missions. As of now, there are 05 UN Missions, where STS level officers are deployed as part of Indian contingent of UN peace keeping force.
Promotion Avenue
Sl No. Grade Method of Recruitment Field of Selection and the minimum qualifying service for promotion
1 Junior Time Scale Initial appointment through UPSC in Pay Band-3 of Rs. 15600-39100 plus Grade Par Rs. 5400.
2 Senior Time Scale By promoting according to seniority based on suitability Officers in the Junior Time Scale, in Pay Band-3 of Rs. 15600-39100 plus Grade Pay Rs. 5400 with four years’ regular service in the grade as on 1st January of the vacancy year.
3 Junior Administrative Grade By promotion on the basis of selection
4 Non-Functional Selection Grade of the Junior Administrative Grade By promotion according to seniority based on suitability Officers in the Junior Administrative Grade, in Pay Band-3 of Rs. 15600-39100 plus Grade Pay of Rs. 7600 provided officer has entered the 14th year of Group ‘A’ service on 1st January of the year of examination on the basis of which he or she was recruited.
5 Senior Administrative Grade By promotion on the basis of selection Officers in the Junior Administrative Grade, in the Pay Band-3 of Rs. 15600-39100 plus Grade Pay of Rs 7600 with eight years regular service in the grade (including service rendered in the Non-Functional Selection Grade of the Junior Administrative Grade, in the Pay Band-4 of Rs. 37400-67000 plus Grade Pay Rs. 8700) or officers with seventeen years’ regular service in Group ‘A’ posts in the service out of which atleast four years’ regular service should be in the Junior Administrative Grade, in Pay Band-3 of Rs. 15600-39100 plus Grade Pay Rs. 7600 (including service rendered in the Non-Functional Selection Grade of the Junior Administrative Grade, in the Pay Band-4 of Rs. 37400-67000 plus Grade by Rs. 8700)
6 Principal Controller of Defence Accounts and equivalent posts By promotion on the basis of selection Officers in the Senior Administrative Grade, in Pay Band-4 of Rs. 37400-67000 plus Grade Pay of RS. 10000 with three years’ regular service in the grade; or officers with twenty-five years’ regular service out of which atleast one year regular service should be in the Senior Administrative Grade, in Pay Band-4 of Rs. 37400-67000 plus Grade Pay Rs. 10000.
7 Additional Controller General of Defence Accounts and equivalent posts By promotion on the basis of selection Officers in the posts carrying the HAG Scale of Pay of Rs. 67000-(AI@3%)-79000 with one year regular service in the grade.
8 Controller General of Defence Accounts By promotion on the basis of selection Officers in the posts carrying HAG Scale of Pay Rs. 67000-(AI@3%)-79000 with 2 years regular service in the grade, including the service, if any, in the posts carrying the HAG+Scale of Pay of Rs. 75500-(AI@3%)-80000
Indicative hierarchy of the IRS officers in the field formation is as under
Grade Authorized Posts Pay-Scale Designation in the Deptt
APEX 1 Rs. 80000 (Fixed) CGDA
HAG+ 4 Rs. 75500-(AI@3%)-80000 Addl.CGDA
HAG 19 Rs. 67000-(AI@3%)-79000 PCDA/PIFA/PCA
SAG 71 Rs. 37400-67000 plus Grade Pay Rs. 10000 CDA/IFA/CFA
NFSG 113 Rs. 37400-67000 plus Grade Pay Rs. 8700 Addl.CDA/Addl.IFA/Addl.CFA
JAG Rs. 15600-39100 plus Grade Pay Rs. 7600 Jt.CDA/Jt.IFA/Jt.CFA
STS 172 Rs. 15600-39100 plus Grade Pay Rs. 6600 DCDA/Sr.DyIFA/DCFA
JTS 177 Rs. 15600-39100 plus Grade Pay Rs. 5400 ACDA/DyIFA/ACFA
Procedures Governing Promotion
In the career span of an IDAS officer he is eligible for raise in salary and promotions. The promotions take place after evaluating the performance on the basis of Performance Appraisal Reports, vigilance clearance and scrutiny of overall record of the officers concerned by following laid down procedures. The scrutiny for promotion is done by a Departmental Promotion Committee constituted for the purpose, as provided in IDAS Rules.
Assessment of Suitability for Promotion
For promotion, performance of each and every officer is captured through an instrument of Performance Appraisal known as Performance Appraisal Report i.e. PAR. This report is initiated by the officer himself, listing out the various achievements and completion of activities with reference to targets assigned to him reviewed by the officer higher in hierarchy that the reporting officer. For IDAS, there is one more authority who accepts the PAR reported and reviewed by Reporting Officer and Reviewing Officer.
Regulations Governing IDAS
IDAS officers are regulated through Indian Defence Accounts Service Rules, 2000 (as amended from time to time) and rules and regulations as applicable to the Central Government Employees of Group ‘A’ Service, in respect of service matters including discipline etc.
Indian Revenue Service (I.T), Group ‘A’ (IRS-IT)
Overview of Indian Revenue Service:
Indian Revenue Service (IRS) is the largest Group A Central Service amongst the organised civil services in the Government of India. IRS serves the nation through discharging one of the most important sovereign functions i.e., collection of revenue for development, security and governance.

An IRS officer starts in Group A as Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax. Recruitment at this level is through the Civil Services Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission. Income Tax Officers (Group B gazetted) also enter into IRS by way of promotion. The Indian Revenue Service Recruitment Rules regulate the selection and career prospects of an IRS officer.

IRS plays a pivotal role in collection of Direct Taxes (mainly Income Tax & Wealth Tax) in India which form a major part of the total tax revenue in the country. The relative contribution of Direct Taxes to the overall tax collection of the Central Government has risen from about 36% to 56% over the period 2000-01 to 2013-14. The contribution of Direct taxes to GDP has doubled (from about 3% to 6%) during the same period.

IRS officers administer the Direct Taxes laws through the Income Tax Department (ITD) whose logo is ‘kosh mulo dandah’. The ITD is one of the largest departments of the Government of India with a sanctioned strength of about 75000 employees, including 4921 duty posts in the IRS, spread over 550 locations all over the country. An Income Tax office is located in almost every district of India.

At the apex level, the Central Board of-Direct Taxes (CBDT) constituted under the Central Boards of Revenue Act, 1963 is responsible for administration and supervision of the ITD in the Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue. The CBDT consists of a Chairperson and . 6 Members who are of the rank and status of Special Secretary to the Government ‘of India. The Chairperson and Members are supported by Joint Secretaries/Commissioners, Directors, Deputy Secretaries, Under Secretaries, Section Officers, Assistants and other support staff; structured on the standard lines of other departments of the Central Government. The CBDT is responsible for formulating policies relating to Direct Taxes and ensuring their due implementation. As proper administration of the ITD requires due exposure to and expertise in the tax laws, business and financial practices, accounting etc apart from other aspects of economy and administration, most of the positions in the CBDT from Under Secretary level upwards are manned by IRS officers. Below the CBDT are regional level field offices, each headed by a Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax (PCCIT) who is placed in the apex scale. There are 18 regions headed by PCCsIT below which Aber,* are Chief Commissioners and Principal Commissioners who are responsible to ensure proper functioning of the field formation.
Indicative hierarchy of the IRS officers in the field formation is as under
Designation Pay-Scale
Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 80,000 (fixed)
Chief Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 75,500-80,000
Principal Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 67,000-79,000
Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 37,400-67,000 + grade pay of Rs. 10,000
Additional Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 37,400-67,000 + grade pay of Rs. 8,700
Joint Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 15,600-39,100 + grade pay of Rs. 7,600
Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 15,600-39,100 + grade pay of Rs. 6,600
Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax Rs. 15,600-39,100 + grade pay of Rs.5,400
The IRS officers are assisted by the Income Tax Officers, Income Tax Inspectors and support staff.
Role of IRS officers in the Government of India
IRS officers serve the Government of India in different capacities/roles. While administering , Direct Taxes through the ITD, they formulate policies, implement such policies and discharge the functions of an investigator, quasi-judicial authority, prosecutor and negotiator of International Agreements etc. Their main roles could be briefly described as under:

Policy Formulation

The taxation policies are dynamic and keep changing with the emerging needs of the economy and the country. The tax policy is not limited to raising of revenue. As a part of the overall policy of the Government of India, the tax policy also serves as a tool to address several other objectivesin the process of development of the country. These objectives may include providing for incentives and disincentives in the target areas/segments of the economy. Appropriate policy interventions in the Direct Taxes are formulated by the IRS officers based upon the experience in the field formation and other relevant inputs from various sources and submitted to the Government through the CBDT.

Tax Administrator- Investigator, quasi -judicial authority and prosecutor

Levy and collection of the tax is the main function of an IRS officer in the field formation. Majority of the officers are, therefore, involved in this function in some way or the other. The process of tax collection is mainly driven through the regime of voluntary compliance in which the tax payers have to pay their taxes as per the mandate of the law, following the procedure laid down including • mandatory filing of returns of income or other specified statements. However, there is always a gap between the expected and the achieved level of compliance. Main reason for the gap may include tax evasion through willful suppression of material facts/ aggressive tax planning or mistakes committed by the tax payers. With a view to detect such aberrations and promote voluntary compliance, several interventions are done through selective scrutiny (examination) of returns/statements, surveys, search & seizure etc. In serious cases of defaults, criminal prosecutions are instituted after completing requisite investigation. In the process, the IRS officers discharge the functions of an investigator, quasi-judicial authority and prosecutor.

Global crusade against black money

One of the most important functions of IRS is detection and curbing black money in the country. While taking all possible measures in this regard domestically, IRS officers are also responsible to negotiate International Agreements with other tax jurisdictions, to plug misuse of international financial processes for tax evasion and avoidance. India has been playing a prominent role, inter alia, in developing the new global standards on automatic exchange of information which would enable the tax authorities to receive information about taxpayers hiding their money in offshore financial centers and tax havens through multi-layered entities with non-transparent ownership, on an automatic basis.
Serving other Ministries/Departments/Organisations on deputation
Besides working in the ITD/Department of Revenue, IRS officers serve other Ministries/Departments/Organisations in different capacities on deputation.
Training & Capacity Building
Induction Training On joining the service, IRS officers are trained mainly at National Academy of. Direct Taxes (NADT), located at Nagpur, which is one of the premier National Academies of the Government of India. NADT conducts the Induction training for IRS officers and the Foundation Course for other services as well. After the Foundation Course of about 4 months, the officers undergo intensive training of sixteen months in specially designed modules in taxation and allied laws, accounting, public finance, fiscal policy, office procedure etc. The training also includes attachment to various field offices/organisations across the country, India study tour and international attachment to different countries giving exposure on global . best practices in taxation.

Mid-Career Training There are various mid-career training programmes for IRS officers with a view to keep them abreast of the latest developments _in the areas of governance, particularly taxation, finance and management. These include the Advanced Mid Career Training (AMCTP) which is conducted’ in 3 phases. Phase I is for Joint/Additional Commissioners, Phase-II is for Commissioners/Principal Commissioners and Phase-III is for Chief Commissioners/Principal Chief Commissioners. The AMCTP generally consists of a 3 week domestic module held at premier Management Institutes in the country followed by “a 2 week International component at internationally acclaimed Universities, depending on their areas of expertise.
Career Prospects at a glance
An IRS officer could rise up-to the Apex Scale (Rs.80,000 fixed plus allowances) at the post of Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax in the ITD. At the apex level, he can also get selected as a Member or Chairperson of the CBDT. The intermediate grades in this career progression are Deputy Commissioner, Joint Commissioner, Additional Commissioner, Commissioner, Principal Commissioner and Chief Commissioner of Income Tax.

With increased scope for international cooperation in the work areas of exchange of information, transfer pricing, and taxation of cross-border transactions, the Government of India decided to create a network of Income Tax Overseas Units (ITOUs). Besides serving within the country, IRS officers also serve in such ITOUs which are part of the Indian Missions select places abroad.

An IRS officer is also eligible to be selected as Member of the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Authority for Advance Ruling, Income Tax Settlement Commission and Income Tax Ombudsman as per the prescribed eligibility criteria.

IRS officers, at different levels, serve other Ministries/Departments 4 Organisations under Central Staffing Scheme and other deputations on the lines of officers of All India Services (Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service & Indian Forest Service) and other Central Services.
References
Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (IOFS)
Overview
A family of 41 ordnance factories under the aegis of its corporate headquarters ordnance factory board, kolkata – possesses the unique distinction of over 200 years experience in defence production. we are engaged in production, testing, logistics, research, development and marketing of a comprehensive product range in the area of land, sea and air systems.

the patronage we receive both in india and abroad speaks of our quality of products and services. undoubtedly, we arethe force behind armed forces. indian ordnance factories is the oldest and largest industrial setup which functions under the department of defence production of the ministry of defence. the ordnance factories form an integrated base for indigenous production of defence hardware and equipment, with the primary objective of self reliance in equipping the armed forces with state of the art battlefield equipments.
Mission
production of state of the art battle field equipments
Serving other Ministries/Departments/Organisations on deputation
  1. To equip our armed forces with modern defence and battle field equipments.
  2. To continuously modernise our production facilities.
  3. To train and motivate personnel.
  4. To equip ourselves with technologies through acquisition, synergy and in-house r&d.
  5. To continuously improve quality.
  6. To improve operational efficiency and communications by extensive use of information technology.
  7. To improve highest level of customer satisfaction.
  8. To increase customer base in defence, non-defence and export markets and establish global presence.
The Beginning
The history and development of indian ordnance factories is directly linked with the british reign in india. east india company of england for their economic interest in india and to increase their political hold considered military hardware as vital element. during 1775 british authorities accepted the establishment of board of ordnance in fort william, kolkata. this marks the official beginning of the army ordnance in india.

In 1787 a gun powder factory was established at ishapore which started production from 1791 ( at which location rifle factory was established in 1904). in 1801 a gun carriage agency at cossipore, kolkata (presently known as gun & shell factory, cossipore) was eatablished and production started from 18th march, 1802. this is the first industrial establishment of ordnance factories which has continued its existence till date.
Career Prospects at a glance
The growth of the ordnance factories leading to its present setup has been continuous but in spurts. there were 18 ordnance factories before india became independent in 1947. 21 factories have been established after independence – mostly, in wake of defence preparedness imperatives caused by the three major wars fought by the indian armed forces. 40th factory is under establishment at Nalanda, Bihar.
Career Prospects at a glance
Main events in the evolution of ordnance factory can be listed as below:

  1. 1801 – establishment of gun carriage agency at Cossipore, Kolkata.
  2. 1802 – production started from 18th march 1802 at cossipore.
  3. 1906 – the administration of indian ordnance factories came under a separate charge as ‘ig of ordnance factories’.
  4. 1933 – charged to ‘director of ordnance factories’.
  5. 1948 – placed under direct control of ministry of defence.
  6. 1962 – dept. of defence production was set up at ministry of defence.
  7. 1979 – ordnance factory board came into existence from 2nd April.
Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’ (IPoS)
Overview
Indian Postal Service (lPoS), one of the Group ‘A’ Central Civil Services of the Government of India, was formed in 1948. For administrate convenience the postal network of the country is divided into twenty two Postal Circles generally co-terminus with a State with a few exceptions. Each Circle is headed by a Chief Postmaster General. The Circles are further divided into Regions comprising groups of field units, called Divisions (Postal / RMS Divisions). Each Region is headed by a Postmaster General. In addition to these twenty two circles, there is a separate wing called the Army Postal Service (APS) Corps to take care of the postal needs of the Armed Forces. The APS is designated as a separate Circle called the Base Circle and is headed by the Additional Director General, Army Postal Service in the rank of a Major General. The officers’ cadre of the APS is drawn on deputation from the Indian Postal Service. The country has 1.55 lakh Post Offices comprising General Post Offices, Head Post Offices, Sub Post Offices and Branch Post Offices.

Sanctioned Strength

The sanctioned strength of Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’ is 561 and their details are as follows:
 
Designation Pay Pay Pay
1 Member, Postal Services Board (HAG+) Rs.75500-80000 06
2 Sr. DDG/PMG (HAG) Rs 67000-79000 26
3 Senior Administrative Grade Pay Band-4 (Rs 37400-67000 + Grade Pay Rs.10000) 73
4 Junior Administrative Grade (including NFSG) Pay Band-4 (Rs. 37400-67000 + Grade Pay Rs. 8700) – fo,r NFSG/ Pay Band-3 (Rs. 15600- 39100 + Grade Pay Rs. 7600) – for JAG 105
5 Senior Time Scale Pay Band-3 (Rs. 15600-39100 + Grade Pay Rs.6600) 198
6 Junior Time Scale Pay Band-3 (Rs. 15600-39100 + Grade Pay Rs. 5400) Principal 67
7 Reserves    
8 Deputation Reserve    
9 Training Reserve    
10 Leave Reserve    
Recruitment
Initial recruitment to the Indian Postal Service is made in the Junior Time Scale in the following manner:

Through Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC every year
Through promotion from amongst officers regularly appointed to the Postal Service, Group ‘B’ with three years’ regular service in that grade on the recommendations of a duly constituted Departmental Promotion Committee and in consultation with the UPSC.
Training
Direct Recruits are imparted Foundational Course (FC) training at one of the leading Training Academies in the country viz. Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA), Mussoorie; Sardar Vallabhhhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad; National Academy of Direct Taxes, Nagpur etc. as identified by the Department of Personnel & Training (DOP&T). The professional training in postal management and administration is given at Rafi Ahmed Kidwai National Postal Academy (RAKNPA), Ghaziabad.
Posting
Direct recruit lPoS officers are posted in any of the 22 Postal Circles except their home Circle in their first posting in accordance witfr the Transfer Policy for lpoS, Group ‘A’ officers.
Functions of an IPoS officer
An lPoS officer, while posted in field as Junior Time Scale (JTS) officer either as Senior Superintendent of Post Offices (SSPOs) or Senior Superintendent Railway Mail Service (SSRM), is responsible for overall administration of the Postal /RMS Division, wherein he/she is posted. A Postal Division is generally co-terminus with one or two/three revenue districts. The functions of SSPOs/SSRM broadly include the following:

Effective management and monitoring o1F postal services and operations in the Division.
Administering control over all the Post Offices and Mail Offices in the Division.
Planning for optimization and expansion of the postal network in the Division.
Technology Management.
Materials Management including upkeep and maintenance of Post Offices, Letter Boxes and vehicles/ mail vans, etc
Marketing of various products and services of India Post including Banking and Insurance products.
Customer relations & public grievance redressal mechanism.
Coordination with district, police and other public authorities.
Personnel Management:- Recruitment, transfers, promotion and disciplinary matters of employees and staff relations.

Designations held by lPoS officers during field posting

Senior Superintendent of Post Offices (SSpOs)
Senior Superintendent of Railway Mail Service (SSRM)
Chief Postmaster (CPM)
Assistant Postmaster General (APMG)
Promotional Aspects
An lPoS officer is eligible for promotions in his career span. His/her promotion takes place after evaluating the performance on the basis of Annual performance Appraisal Reports (APARs), vigilance clearance and other related documents. The scrutiny for promotion is done by Departmental Promotion committee. promotions are dependent upon the time period spent in a particular feeder grade. The time-bound promotions have been envisaged to attract and retain the best talent in the country. Following are promotional posts for an lPoS officer:

Senior Time Scale: Appointment to the Senior Time Scale in the Service is made by promotion of officers in the Junior Time Scale with four years regular service in that grade in the order of senionity.
Junior Administrative Grade: Appointment to the Junior Administrative Grade in the Service is made by selection on merit from amongst officers of the senior Time scale of the service with 5 years regular service in that grade.
Selection Grade of the Junior Administrative Grade: Junior Administrative Grade, who have entered the 1-4th year of the service on the 1″ January of the year calculated from the year following the year of examination on the basis of which the member of the Service was recruited/ year of inclusion in the select list of Junior Time Scale on promotion.
Senior Administrative Grade: Appointment to the Senior Administrative Grade in the Service is made by selection on merit from amongst officers of the Junior Administrative Grade of the Service who have put in not less than 16 years total regular service in Group ‘A’ of the service.
Higher Administrative Grade: Appointment to the Higher Administrative Grade in the Service is made on the basis of selection on merit from amongst officers of the Senior Administrative Grade with two years of regular service in that grade.
Member, Postal Services Board: Appointment to the post of the Member of the Postal Services Board is made by selection on merit from amongst officers of the Higher Administrative Grade.
Deputation to other Departments / Ministries, Organizations, Foreign Assignments
Central Government Ministries/Department under Central Staff Scheme (mainly in the ranks of Deputy Secretary and above).
state Government/organization other than central Government Ministries/Department under non-Central Staff Scheme (mainly in the ranks of Deputy Secretary and above).
Public Sector Undertakings as Chief Vigilance Officer either in the capacity of Director of Joint Secretary under non-Central Staff Scheme.
Foreign assignment or deputation with Universal Postal Union, Asia Pacific postal Union, United National Development programme, etc.
Regulations governing IPoS
lPoS officers are regulated by the Recruitment Rules (Service Rules) of Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’, Central Civil Services (Classification, Control & Appeal) Rules, 1965, Central Civil Services (Conduct) Rules, 1964 and other rules and instructions issued by the Department of Personnel & Training and Department of Posts, etc.
References
Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group 'A' (ICAS)
VISION
As a professional accounting organization, our vision is to strengthen governance through excellence in public financial management.
MISSION
Administer an effective, credible and responsive system for budgeting, payment and accounting.
Provide a world class, robust government wide integrated financial information system.
Develop new paradigms of internal audit for improved transparency and accountability.
Leverage information and communication technology to achieve intended goals.
Promote professional integrity through a dedicated workforce committed to service ethos.
Profile of the Indian Civil Accounts Service 2011
Indian Civil Accounts Organisation performs a key role in delivery of financial management services for the Government of India. The organisation provides payment services, supports the tax collection system, performs government-wide accounting, financial reporting functions and carries out internal audit in civil ministries of the Union Government. Controller General of Accounts (CGA) in Ministry of Finance heads the organisation and is responsible for administering this system. The organisation has been at the forefront in leveraging information technology for delivery of these services in consonance with the constantly changing technological environment and increasing ICT penetration in the country. The goal is to provide reliable information that brings transparency in the use and reporting of public funds through an integrated government-wide financial information system. Accordingly the focus has been on providing client oriented, integrated applications that aim at achieving operational efficiency across streams of public financial management system.
Mandate
Controller General of Accounts derives his mandate from Article 150 of the Constitution. This statutory mandate as incorporated in the Allocation of Business Rules brings out the duties and responsibilities of CGA which includes the following:

Prescribe general principles, systems and form of Government accounts relating to the Union and States.
Frame and revise procedures, rules and manuals for accounting of receipts and payments.
Oversee maintenance of adequate standards of accounting in Civil Ministries.
Prepare monthly and annual accounts along with periodic reviews of expenditure, revenues, borrowings and deficit.
Monitor and reconcile cash balances of the Union Government with Reserve Bank of India and oversee the banking arrangements for government transactions.
Coordinate and assist introduction of management accounting system in Civil Ministries.
Develop and implement policies and programs for augmentation of human resources in line with the changing needs of the organisation.
Organisational Structure
Indian Civil Accounts Organisation is headed by Controller General of Accounts (CGA) in the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance. CGA as the central accounting and reporting agency for Government of India is assisted by officers of the Indian Civil Accounts Service who have expertise in different aspects of public financial management. This accounts service, which is a part of the premier civil services currently, has a sanctioned strength of 226 officers who are supported by around 9,000 employees professionally qualified in government accounting system.

As per the departmentalized accounting arrangements in government, operational responsibility for accounting, reporting and internal audit function in civil ministries is with the officers of this organisation. These units are headed by the Principal Chief Controller of Accounts (Pr.CCA), Chief Controller of Accounts (CCA) or a Controller of Accounts (CA) in the respective ministries. Under the overall supervision of CGA, they assist the Secretary of the Ministry who is the chief accounting authority in the ministry. The Pr. CCAs / CCAs / CAs discharge their duties and responsibilities through the Principal Accounts Office (Pr. AO) at Ministry’s headquarters and Pay & Accounts Offices (PAOs) at the field formation level. There are currently 358 PAOs located at 87 stations across the country.
Duties and Responsibilities
Principles, forms and standards of accounting On behalf of the President of India, CGA lays down the principles of government accounting, prescribes the form in which accounts are to be maintained and formulates the procedure for recording and consolidating the accounts of Union and State Governments with the objective of encouraging standardization and transparency in government accounts.
Receipts and Payments
Indian Civil Accounts Organisation administers the receipts and payment functions for more than 90% Government of India’s budget through a nation-wide network of 28,000 branches of twenty-nine scheduled commercial banks who act as agents of Reserve Bank of India, which is the banker to the Union Government.

The organisation performs accounting and reporting functions for the entire tax and non-tax receipts of the Union Government. It has accordingly developed and implemented policies to ensure timeliness and accuracy in remittance and reporting of government receipts, from its initial deposit to its final credit in the government account. As part of the country’s on-line tax information network, the organisation promotes electronic reporting and collection of direct and indirect taxes. The system relies on single source data entry for tax payment at the collecting bank branch, a national database of tax payers and electronic transfer of funds to government account. The accounting units of the organisation, through their customized IT applications, use this information for accounting, reporting and reconciliation purposes.

In addition, the organisation is responsible for payment functions in civil ministries. The exchequer control is exercised through the field level Pay and Account Offices (PAO) of different ministries who ensure compliance to budgetary appropriations made by the parliament. Payment, accounting and reporting functions in civil ministries have been e-enabled by the organization through the Computerised Accounting System (COMPACT). This application covers the entire business process of PAOs including receipts, provident fund and pension processing. It provides financial integrity to the process and has the necessary quality and security certification. COMPACT has been successfully implemented in over 400 Pay and Accounts Offices (PAOs) of Civil and some non Civil Ministries of the Government of India. In addition, it is also being used by some sub-national governments.
Pension
The organisation is responsible for disbursement and accounting of pension payments to Government employees of all Civil Ministries as well as former Presidents/Vice-Presidents, retired Supreme Court/High Court Judges, Members of Parliament, All India Service Officers and Freedom Fighters.

The Central Pension Accounting Office (CPAO) was established with the objective of enhancing service delivery for pensioners through simplification and standardization of the pension disbursement process. It is the central budgeting and accounting unit for civil pensions providing a single point interface between the government, banks and pensioners. The pension payments as processed and authorized by the pay and accounting units across Ministries are channelized through this central office for onward transmission to the concerned bank branch for disbursement to pensioners. CPAO currently serves 900,000 pensioners across the country through a payment network of 40,000 bank branches. The CPAO strives to streamline pension disbursement, ensure timely credit of pension payment, arrears of pension/dearness relief and address the grievances of these pensioners.

CPAO has been able to leverage information technology and recent developments in the banking environment to institute a pension payment system that is accurate, efficient and transparent. The monitoring, tracking and processing of pension cases have been e-enabled and the CPAO website http://cpao.nic.in/ hosts these G2C and G2G interfaces. An e-Revision initiative has recently been rolled out in civil ministries for the expeditious periodic revision of pension cases and is expected to provide relief to 500,000 pensioners.

CPAO remains committed to a seamless integration of the business process flow for pension payment to maximize pensioner convenience and satisfaction.
Accounting and Financial Reporting
CGA as head of the organisation is responsible for operating and overseeing the government’s central accounting and reporting system. The office of CGA has instituted a credible financial reporting system that is critical for enhancing transparency and accountability in the management of public resources and is consistent with the statutory obligations on financial reporting and proactive disclosure.

CGA consolidates the monthly and annual accounts of the Union Government on the basis of accounts submitted by Ministries and Departments. Annual accounts are consolidated on a provisional basis within two months of the close of the financial year for managerial purposes. The annual audited accounts comprising of the Appropriation Accounts and Finance Accounts are prepared and published by CGA and are submitted to the Parliament within nine months of the close of the financial year. In addition a meaningful analysis of the annual accounts is prepared in the form of a document “Accounts at a Glance” for wider dissemination.

CGA also prepares a monthly review of Union Government’s receipts and expenditure analyzing key fiscal performance indicators for submission to the Finance Minister. These reviews have been widely appreciated for their scope and content. Financial reports prepared by CGA are available in the public domain through CGA’s website www.cga.gov.in as per the IMF’s Special Data Dissemination Standards and are used by the private and public sector to monitor the government’s financial status. Similar reports are prepared for individual ministries by the Pr.CCAs / CCAs /CAs and placed on the website of respective ministries. In addition they also prepare customized financial reports for ministries as per their strategic requirements on internal debt, loans and grants to sub-national governments.

The organisation has developed a web-based integrated system for accounting and reporting purposes that has received national and international recognition. E-Lekha is the Core Financial Information System for Government of India that has been operational since 2005. It is built around the COMPACT application running at PAOs of the civil ministries and other stand alone systems of Ministries of Defense, Posts, Railways and Telecommunications and other offline interfaces. The system provides for the integration of daily, monthly and annual accounting processes for real time value added reporting and financial monitoring for the Union Government.
Central Plan Scheme Monitoring System
The Central Plan Scheme Monitoring System (CPSMS) is one of the recent initiatives of this organisation and CGA is responsible for its design and implementation. CPSMS has been envisaged as a comprehensive expenditure tracking system for central plans schemes that, apart from enhancing transparency and accountability, will have far reaching implications for public financial management in the country. The Scheme aims at establishing an integrated financial information system for over 1000 plan schemes being administered by different ministries of the central government. It involves bringing together thousands of sub-national, local implementing agencies, individual beneficiaries and bank branches that have till now, not been amenable to a central monitoring system.

The organisation has been able to leverage its core capability and experience in developing a web-enabled application that enables single point registration of implementing agencies, monitoring of fund flow from the central government to the implementing agencies, reconciliation with accounting data and generation of customized reports for the program managers on sources and use of funds. The process of implementation has been completed at the Union government level and the application is able to report on disbursements to regional and local governments under individual plan schemes on a real time basis. These reports are now available on the CPSMS website http://cpsms.nic.in and have been widely appreciated by the program managers.

The scope of CPSMS is being extended, technical feasibility studies have been carried out to understand the fund flow up to the grass root level and expenditure reporting has been introduced for selected schemes. CPSMS and Core Banking System interface has also been developed for interchange of data and is progressively being deployed for agency banks to enable tracking of plan funds on a real time basis.
Internal Audit
The organisation is responsible for monitoring of financial performance and effectiveness of various programs, schemes and activities of the civil ministries through its Internal Audit Units in the respective ministries.

The Centre of Excellence for Internal Audit in the office of CGA has evolved as a resource centre and advises the internal audit wings of line Ministries on different aspects of risk and performance based audit. Accordingly it has developed a risk based control framework as a guide for internal audit in ministries. Its capacity building program focuses on dissemination of audit tools and techniques within the organisation.

The CGA office also has a Quality Assurance Wing that is entrusted with the responsibility of developing and reviewing service delivery standards for accounting units of the ministries. The wing is also responsible for the implementation of ‘Sevottam’, Government of India’s flagship quality management framework for delivery of citizen-centric services, within the organisation.
Human Resource Management Personnel
The organisation has a qualified, experienced and committed work force that has set high performance standards in their field. Their expertise which runs across different aspects of public financial management has been widely acknowledged by the government.

Officers of the organisation have diverse public sector experience having served the central, sub-national governments, autonomous bodies and government corporations. In addition the organisation has been regularly deputing officers on assignments with the World Bank, International Monetary Fund and United Nations organisations. Several of our officers have served these international organisations in Africa, Asia, Europe and North America. These officers have been involved with budget process, cash management, treasury operations, internal audit and setting up of information management systems in post-conflict and developing countries.

CGA manages the pool of officers of Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS) and the entire accounts personnel working in the civil ministries and is responsible for the human resource management for the organisation. This includes their recruitment, transfers, promotions and capacity building. CGA through its regular skill augmentation programs and specially designed examination system has been actively engaged with professional development of its work force.
Capacity development
The organisation is committed to developing a well trained, high performing and diversified workforce that effectively meets its changing requirements and priorities. The Institute of Government Accounts and Finance (INGAF) as the training arm of CGA specializes in professional training in modern, technology enabled government accounting and financial systems and provides a window to the world of best learning practices. Its diversified curriculum focuses on cutting edge capacity building in a gamut of areas relating to public policy and financial management – producing transformative and empowering outcomes. INGAF (www.ingaf.in) manages a comprehensive capacity building program for employees of the organisation at all levels. It conducts training at the entry level and mid-career programs in specific job skill areas for middle and senior management reaching out to more than 7,000 participants every year. Its programs are academically rigorous, designed to catalyze change and stimulate active peer learning. The core learning programs of INGAF focus on diverse areas of public policy, financial management, government accounting, cash and treasury management, fiscal and budgetary reforms, pension and pensionary reforms, internal audit, procurement, project management, administrative procedures, leadership and change management – using interactive multimedia and advanced IT tools.

The institute also conducts training to upgrade the operational skills of personnel of central and state government departments, public sector undertakings and banks extending its outreach to areas as remote as the North East, Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

INGAF’s main campus located in the heart of the national capital of Delhi, is picturesque and bright, and offers a stimulating environment with its state-of-the-art learning facilities. In addition to its regional centers at Chennai, Kolkata and Mumbai INGAF has also opened another centre at Aizawl, Mizoram to meet the public financial management and information technology related requirements of the entire north-eastern region.
International Cooperation
The Indian Civil Accounts Organisation has played a crucial role in promoting regional and international cooperation on emergent issues relating to financial management in the public sector.

The Association of Government Accounts Organisation of Asia (AGAOA) was formed in 2004. India is one of the founding members of AGAOA along with Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Myanmar, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. As a regional organisation of accounting bodies, AGAOA (www.agaoa.org) promotes professional understanding and technical cooperation among member institutions through exchange of ideas and experiences to ensure transparency, accountability and good governance.

The annual AGAOA assembly and its experience sharing programs provide an ideal platform for meeting these objectives. The Association also has a public policy journal that was launched in Dhaka, Bangladesh in 2010. INGAF serves as the secretariat of AGAOA and has been designated as one of the regional Resource & Training Center for its member countries. It is the implementing agency for the IDF Grant received by AGAOA for development of a framework for internal control, internal audit and related capacity development.

CGA is also closely associated with the International Consortium on Government Financial Management (ICGFM) and has been part of its Board of Directors.

In addition CGA, through INGAF, executes programs as part of Government of India’s commitment to international development cooperation and capacity building in developing and neighbouring SAARC countries. These capacity development programs are organised as part of the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) and Special Commonwealth Assistance for Africa (SCAAP) of Ministry of External Affairs and other bilateral / multilateral programs. INGAF’s international, multi-cultural environment and global perspectives on a gamut of issues related to public financial management, internal audit, leadership and change management have attracted participation from more than hundred member countries.

INGAFs’ international footprint extends to countries in Asia, Africa, East Europe (including former USSR), Central and Latin America, Caribbean and Pacific regions.
E-governance initiatives
The organisation has designed and implemented IT based solutions for accounting and reporting requirements of Union Government. It has also developed customized applications as per the specific functional requirements of the line ministries. The notable ones are:

COMPACT: transaction processing application that covers the entire business process for pay and accounting units.
E-Lekha: comprehensive government-wide financial information system for real time reporting.
CPSMS: integrated financial information system for central plan schemes.
IMAS (Integrated Mission Accounting Software) for embassies and missions under Ministry of External Affairs.
Revenue Accounting Management Software (RAMS) for accounting and reporting of direct tax collections.
Electronic Accounting System in Central Excise and Service Tax (EASIEST) and Electronic Accounting Solution for e-Receipts (EASeR) for accounting and reporting of indirect taxes.
Pension Authorization Retrieval Accounting System (PARAS) for central processing of post-retirement social security payments for government employees.
Internal Debt Monitoring Software (IDMS) and an application for monitoring of Loans, Grants and Investments (LGI) for Ministry of Finance.
Future Initiatives
Electronic payment system: pilot has been successfully completed in the Ministry of Agriculture, roll out is planned in other ministries after necessary functional and security certification has been obtained.
MPLS VPN: intra-CGA network currently underway for over 400 PAO, 50 Principal Accounts Offices of Civil Ministries and National Data Centre at Hyderabad.
E-Samarth: extension of the web-based utility for management of General Provident Fund Account of government employees running successfully in Ministry of Home Affairs.
Recognition
E-Lekha & COMPACT

Best IT Implementation of the year 2007 by PCQuest Magazine, India Silver Icon Award, 2008, National e-Governance Award, Delhi Government Technology Awards 2009, FutureGov, Singapore

CPSMS

Microsoft Developer Innovation & Excellence Award 2009, New York G2G Award, eGov, Hyderabad
Significant Achievements
E-Lekha & COMPACT

Payment Services: effective and efficient electronic systems that deliver dependable and accurate payment services. This has significantly reduced transaction costs and processing times of payments for vendors and government employees including their postretirement social security payments.
Tax collection: monitoring system that has enabled comprehensive tracking, reliable reporting of tax payments and has eliminated delays in remittance of taxes to government accounts.
Accounting: significant reduction in the timelines for preparation and submission of daily, monthly and annual accounts for the Union Government.
Disclosure: promoting transparency and hence accountability in the management of public funds, that goes well beyond the statutory.
References
Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’ (IRTS)
Recruitment & Training
Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS) is one of the eight organized Group ‘A’ services in the Ministry of Railways. Earlier called Officers of the Superior Revenue Establishment of the Traffic, Transportation and Commercial Department of Indian Railways, IRTS in its present form was reconstituted in 1967. There are two modes of recruitment to IRTS Group ‘A’ :

50% through direct recruitment through the Combined Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC.
50% through promotion from Group B officers of Operating and Commercial departments of the Zonal Railways.

As of 1 April 2014, the sanctioned strength of IRTS was 781. After selection, the direct-recruit IRTS probationers undergo general foundation training at one of the training academies, that is, Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA)/ National Academy of Direct Taxes(NADT), Nagpur/ RCVP Noronha Academy of Administration, Bhopal/ Dr.Marri Chann Reddy Human Resource Development Institute, Hyderabad. Following this they go for the Railway Foundation Course at National Academy of Indian Railways, Vadodara.
Further specialized training for the probationers is imparted at the Indian Railway Institute of Transportation Management (IRITM) at Lucknow. While based at IRITM, the probationers, apart from extensive classroom input, make study and field trips to various railway activity centres and other Centralized Training Institutes of Indian Railways, workshops and organizations across the length and breadth of the country. The training also includes a parliamentary attachment, visits to important railway project sites, ports and short stints at other Civil Service academies and one of the reputed management institutes in India.

IRTS officers in the middle- and senior-level management undergo training in diverse areas including commercial management, operations management, logistics, public-private partnerships etc.
Role and Function
An IRTS officer coordinates the production and sale of transportation output and manages the customer interface of railways. There are two main streams of Traffic Department, Operations and Commercial, where these officers are posted. Immediately after the training, the officers are designated as Assistant Operations Manager or Assistant Commercial Manager and posted to one of the divisions of Indian Railways.

The role of an IRTS officer in the operating department is that of ensuring smooth and fast transportation of freight and passengers. He or she ensures optimum utilization of assets maximizing output with least inputs. This is achieved by coordinating with the service departments looking after various assets of railways like track, wagons, engines, signals, etc. He/she then combines the outputs of the various departments maintaining the assets – rolling stock and fixed infrastructure to produce a service output – passenger or freight. In the commercial department, an IRTS officer is connected with sales, pricing, marketing and service elements of the passenger business and freight business. The information technology requirement of passenger ticketing is also managed by an IRTS officer in the zonal headquarters.

The role changes depending on where an officer is placed in the organization – in the division , the zone or the railway board . In addition, an IRTS officer also has the opportunity to serve in other Ministries under the Central Staffing Scheme and in PSUs.
Organisation
At the Railway Board level, the traffic department is headed by Member(Traffic), who is a secretary level officer. He is assisted by Additional Members/ Advisors who are of the rank of HAG+/HAG officer. At present, there are additional member(s)/advisor(s), each for the commercial, traffic, computerization and information systems, tourism and catering wings of the traffic department. Within each wing, there are directorates which are headed by an Executive Director, a SAG rank officer. Some of the directorates are traffic, commercial(rates), planning, coaching, passenger marketing, statistics and economics (under Financial commissioner), freight marketing, public grievances, computerization and information systems, tourism and catering.

At the zonal level, the operating a commercial departments are headed by IRTS officers – Chief Operations Manager(COM) and Chief Commercial Manager(CCM). They are of the rank of HAG/SAG officer. COM is normally assisted by a team of SAG rank officers, viz., Chief Freight Transportation Manager(CFTM), Chief Passenger Transportation Manager(CPTM) and Chief Traffic Planning Manager(CPTM). Similarly, CCM is assisted by Chief Commercial Manager (Freight Marketing), Chief Commercial Manager (Passenger Marketing), Chief Commercial Managers (Passenger Services) and Chief Claims Officer. They are in turn assisted by Deputysecretary/Director grade officers -Dy COM, Dy CCM, Dy CCO.

At the divisional level, the operating and commercial departments are headed by IRTS officers – Senior Divisional Operations Manager (Sr. DOM) and Senior Divisional Commercial Manager (Sr. DCM). In a large division, Sr. DOM/Sr. DCM would be supervising over 2000 employees. They are linchpins interacting with customers on a day to day basis and zonal headquarters. Sr. DOM/Sr. DCM are cadre posts in the SG/JAG of IRTS. Each Sr. DOM/Sr. DCM is assisted by DOM/DCM/Assistant Operations Manager (AOM)/Assistant Commercial Manager(ACM)of the rank of undersecretary(JTS). An IRTS direct recruit officer’s first posting would be as an AOM or ACM in the division.
References
Posts of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’ (IRPS)
Overview
Induction of Group ‘A’ officers recruited through Civil Service Examination in Railway Protection Force, Ministry of Railways, Government of India, started in the year 1981. The civil services have been a hallmark of governance in India and the officers recruited through Civil Services Examination of UPSC intend to maintain such spirit, standard and quality to such as to meet the aspirations of all stake holders.

At present 50 percent posts of Junior Scale Group ‘A’ officers in RPF are filled by the officers recruited as above. As on 1.1.2014, sanctioned strength of Group ‘A’ officers in RPF is 441 including 127 officers recruited through Civil Services Examination.
Recruitment
At present there are three modes of recruitment to Group ‘A’ officers in RPF. (i) Through Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC every year; (ii) Through promotion of Inspectors of RPF in terms of RPF Recruitment Rules of 1994; and (iii) By recruiting ex army officers to 10% posts of Group ‘A’ officers.
Training
Both Direct Recruits as well as the promote officers are imparted probationary training at various National Academies including JR RPF Academy, Lucknow, one of the central training institutes of Indian Railways. Direct Group ‘A’ Recruits undergo Foundation Course and various other courses with other Group ‘A’ services officers recruited through Civil Services Examination.

After completion of successful probation period of two years, probationers are confirmed. Also, there is provision for in-service training for officers’ spread across the entire service span organized within Railways as well as through BPR&D and DOPT.
Allocation of Zone on Indian Railways
Directed recruited Group ‘A’ officers of RPF are allocated to various zones on the Indian Railways subject to administrative exigency and availability of vacancies. However, these officers are liable to be posted at any location over Indian Railways irrespective of the Zonal Railway allocated to them.
Functions of Group ‘A’ Officers of RPF
Group ‘A’ officers of RPF are responsible for overall protection and safeguarding of railway property and passenger area on/over the Indian Railways. Their functions broadly include:
  1. To provide better protection and security to railway property, passenger and passenger area.
  2. To advise the railway administration on all matters connected with railway security, and to handle all references concerning police including government railway police received from State Governments or other Ministries of the Central Government.
  3. To guide and lead the Force put under command in the protection and security of railway property, passenger and passenger area and in combating crime against it. This includes registration, inquiry/investigation and prosecution under various sections/provisions of Railway Property (Unlawful Possession) Act, 1966, RPF Act, 1957, Railway Act, 1989, etc.
  4. To compile a monthly review on the performance of the Force in regard to its statutory duties and functions; and
  5. To do all such other acts as may be necessary or incidental to the discharge of his duties under the Act and the Rules applicable and in force.
  6. To exercise all executive and administrative powers in relation to the Force and its deployment.
  7. To discharge all personnel functions in respect to Human Resource Management and Development of the Force.
  8. To take suitable action to enable optimum utilization of competence of each member of the Force put under command through a transparent, rational and strategic deployment, transfer and posting policy; and practice.
  9. To keep the manpower fit and up to date through proper training at initial level supported by in service courses as well as advanced courses.
  10. To take suitable disciplinary action against members of the Force found involved in indiscipline or undesirable activities. On the other hand to appreciate and given recognition and rewards for their good work.
Table
Sl. No. Designation
Scale/Rank/Pay Band In Division In Battalion/RPSF In Battalion/RPSF
1. Junior Scale Assistant Security Commissioner (ASC) Assistant Commandant/Adjutant ASC
2. Senior Scale Divisional Security Commissioner (DSC Commandant
3. Junior Administrative Grade (in PB-IV GP-8700) Sr. Divisional Security Commissioner (Sr. DSC) Sr. Commandant Dy. Chief Security Commissioner
4. DIG Grade DIG/RPSF Addl. Chief Security Commissioner
5. SAG/IG Grade IG & Chief Security Commissioner/RPSF Chief Security Commissioner
Appointments to other Organizations/Bodies
Besides above, the Group ‘A’ officers of RPF can be appointed in autonomous organizations/subordinate organizations/PSUs/UN Organizations/International organizations etc. In past, they have served in many organizations on deputation like Ministry of Commerce, Electricity Regulatory Authority for UTs, IOC, Oil India Limited, Civil Aviation Security, CBI, IB, MEA, and State Police etc. RPF officers have also participated in several UN Peacekeeping Missions in Kosovo, Sudan, Cyprus etc.
Table
Sl. No. Designation Remarks
1 Director General/RPF 80,000/- Fix
2 Additional Director General/RPF In Pay Scale (67,000-annual increment @3%-79,000) to be filled as per resolution of Ministry of Railways to fill the posts in HAG Grades.
3 Chief Security Commissioner/IG/RPF/RPSF In PB-4 with Rs. 10,000 as Grade Pay. DIG grade Officers in PB-IV GP-8,900 get IG Grade after completion of 05 years of service as DIG.
4 Addl. Chief Security Commissioner/DIG/RPF/RPSF In PB-4 with Rs. 8,900 Grade Pay. JAG Officers in PB-IV GP-8,700 get DIG Grade after completion of 05 years of service as Sr. DSC/Sr. Commandant.
5 Deputy Chief Security Commissioner/Sr. Security Commissioner/Sr. Divisional Security Commissioner/RPF/Sr. Commandant/RPSF In PB-4 with Rs. 8,700 Grade Pay. Sr. Scale Officers get this Grade after completion of 08 years of service as DSC/Commandant.
6 Divisional Security Commissioner/Security Commissioner/RPF/Commandant/RPSF In PB-3 with Rs. 6,600 Grade Pay. Jr. Scale Officers get this Grade after completion of 05 years of service as Jr. Scale Officers.
7 Assistant Security Commissioner/Assistant Commandant/Adjutant In PB-3 with Rs. 5,400 Grade Pay.
Procedures Governing Promotion
In his career span, a Group ‘A’ RPF officer is eligible for raise in salary and promotions like any other Group ‘A’ Services. The promotions take place after evaluating the performance on the basis of Performance Appraisal Reports, vigilance clearance and scrutiny of overall record of the officer concerned by following laid down procedures. The scrutiny for promotion is done by the Departmental Promotion Committee (DPC) nominated by the competent authority under the provisions of the Railway Protection Force (Group ‘A’ and ‘B’ posts) Recruitment Rules, 1981 and the Railway Protection Force (Group ‘A’ posts of Deputy Inspector General, (Railway Protection Force), Deputy Chief Security Commissioner/Senior Security Commissioner, Security Commissioner and Assistant Security Commissioner) Recruitment Rules, 1994..
Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group ‘A’ (IRAS)
Overview
The regulation and control of Railways was initially vested in the Railway Branch of the Public Works Department of government of India and the accounting and auditing functions for Railway Branch was under the accountant general, public works department. Consequent upon the amalgamation of the accounts and civil audit establishments of the public works department under the control of the finance member of the government of India, the post of Accountant General, Public works department was abolished and a separate post of accountant general railways was created.

As a part of the scheme of recorganization of the Railway Board as recommended by the Acworth committee (1921). Financial commissioner for Railways was appointed in April 1923. This was followed by separation convention of 1924 by which railway finances were separated from General finances of government of India. The process in 1929, with the responsibility for compilation of all accounts for the Indian Railways passing on from the accountant general to the financial commissioner, railways. This marked the beginning of the Indian accounts service (IRAS) as a cadre, distinct from that of the Indian Audit and Accounts service.

The Financial commissioner for Railways (FC/Rlys) represents the ministry of finance on the railway board and also functions ex-officio as secretary to government of India in the ministry of railways in financial matters. In this capacity. FC/Rlys is vested with full powers to sanction railway expenditure subject to the general control of Finance minister.
Recruitment
Indian railway accounts service (IRAS) is a group A central service of the government of India. There are two modes of recruitment to IRAS viz

through civil services examination conducted by UPSC every year through promotion Group ‘B’ Accounts Officers working on Zonal Railway to IRAS. Roughly, 50% posts are meant for direct recruitment and 50% posts are filled through promotion from Group ‘B’ Cadre.
Training
Directly recruited IRAS probationers are required to undergo a 90 week training programme before induction into service on various railway zones and other offices. The training program includes training at National Academy of Indian Railways (NAIR) / Vadodara, Lal Bahadur Shastri national academy for administration (LBSNAA) / Mussoorie, National academy for direct taxes (NADT) / Nagpur, National Institute of Financial management (NIFM), Faridabad and other specialized training institutes, as well as field training on zonal railways, divisions, construction organizations and manufacturing units of the Indian railways. Also there is provision for mandatory Mid Career Training for IRAS officers spread acros the entire service span.
Allocation of zonal railways to officers
Direct recruit IRAS officers are allocated to zonal railways on the basis of their ranks, preference and availability of vacancy in their category at their in terms of provision of Cadre Allocation policy as amended from time to time. Officers recruited under promotional quota are encadred on their respective railway.
Functions of IRAS officers
IRAS officers are responsible for the Finance and accounting functions of the railways. Core functions of members of this cadre include maintenance of accounts of Indian railways and rendering financial advice to the executive. They are responsible for introduction of techniques of modern financial management; exchequer control as a refinement in budgetary control; restructuring of the budgetary and accounting system including institution of a system of performance budgeting and responsibility accounting, traffic costing, implementation of incentive schemes in workshops, etc. The above is illustrative and not exhaustive. These functions inter-alia include the following:
Financial Management
  • Scrutiny of all investment and expenditure proposals of various executive departments relating to the areas of transportation, personnel, motive power, rolling stock, railway electricfication, commercial, medical, safety and security etc.
  • Control over plan expenditure, revenue expenses and revenue receipts.
  • Examination / consolidation and preparation of the Budget and to exercise the budgetary controls as per the procedure laid down.
  • Carrying out periodical financial reviews so as to monitor both the expenditure and receipts and tender appropriate advice to administration so as to arrest any budgetary deviations.
  • Association with survey teams & preparation of project reports – precursor to all capital investments decisions.
  • Mid life review of projects & revision of cost estimates.
  • Association with tenders and contracts of all departments.
  • Carrying out productivity tests so as to determine the extent of the projected benefits accruing to the system.
  • Association with manpower planning; Creation/surrender of posts.
Account keeping involves booking of all expenditure and earning to correct heads of accounting. While the capital and revenue accounts are prepared to facilitate a review of finances of railways as a commercial undertaking, the Finance accounts are compiled in accordance with requirements of government accounts. Accounting function involves pre auditing and concurrent auditing of all payments, receipts and adjustment transactions on railways. The responsibility of accounts officers in this regard involves:
  • Maintenance of the books of accounts, as per prescribed rules.
  • To carry out the internal checks as per rules and procedure of all transactions affecting receipts and expenditure on the railways. All claims against railways, whether commercial claim for loss of material, contractors bills, suppliers bills or establishment claims are required to be checked in accounts department with reference to rules or orders (known as “internal check”) before the claims are settled.
  • Inspection of stations, stores depots, executive offices. The responsibility encompasses inspection of station accounts to ensure that the accounts submitted by the stations in respect of earnings are not only correct but that all the prescribed initial records are being kept and that the transactions are carried out as per the extant rules and procedures. Similarly stores finance wing has a special role to verify the stocks and to see whether the stocks as shown in the books are actually available in the depots or not. Apart from these inspections, accounts officer also inspects the initial records being maintained in various executive offices.
  • Settlement of claims & recovery of Railways dues.
  • Stock inventory control.
  • Management of cash and pay office and co-ordination with RBI and other Banks.
  • Maintenance of assets register/block accounts necessary for determining not only the dividend liability but also depreciation.
  • The work relating to Electronic data processing and management information system.
  • All works relating to management accounting.
Designations during posting in Zones, Ministry of Railways and other Ministries:
SI.No. Scale Designation in Ministries Designation of Railways Remarks
1. Junior Scale Normally Junior Scale officers are not posted in Ministries On Railways
  • In HQ office-Assistant Financial adviser/AFA
  • In division assistant divisional financial manager/ADFM
  • In workshop-Assistant workshop accounts officer/AWAO
  • In Traffic accounts office assistant financial adviser/Traffic/AFA-T
  • In EDP Centres-Assistant Electronic Data processing Manager/AEDP
Posted on completion of probation (PB-3 with 5400/- Grade pay)
2. Senior Scale Deputy Director in government of India On Railways
  • Senior assistant financial adviser/Sr.AFA
  • Divisional Financial Manager/DFM
  • Workshop Accounts Officer/WAO
  • Senior Assistant Financial Adviser/Sr.AFA
  • Electronic Data Processing Managers (EDPM)/senior system analyst (SSA)
Railway Board:
  • Deputy Director
Senior Time Scale (PB-3 with Rs.6600/- Grade pay) and after completion of four years of service
3. JAG Deputy Secretary in government of India Railways
  • Deputy Financial Adviser & Chief Accounts Officer/ Dy.FA & CAO
  • Senior Electronic Data processing Manager/Sr.EDPM
Railway Board
  • Joint Director
Junio Administrative Grade (PB-3 with Rs.7600/- Grade pay) after completion of 9 years of service.
4. SG Director in government of India Railways
  • Deputy Financial Adviser & Chief Accounts Officer/ Dy.FA & CAO
Railway Board
  • Director
Selection Grade (PB-4 with Rs.8700/- Grade Pay) after completion of 13 years of service.
5. SAG Joint secretary to government of India/Secretary in state government Railways
  • Financial adviser & chief accounts officer/FA & CAO
Railway Board
  • Executive Director
Super Time scale (PB-4 with Rs.10000/- Grade Pay) after completion of 18 to 20 years of service.
6. HAG Additional secretary in government of India/Principal secretary in state government Railways
  • Principal Financial Adviser & chief accounts officer/principal FA & CAO
Railway Board
  • Higher Administrative Grade with Grade Pay Rs.12000/- after completion of 30 years of service.
Higher Administrative Grade with Grade Pay Rs.12000/- after completion of 30 years of service.
7. HAG+ Special Secretary to government of India / chief secretary Railways
  • General Manager/Director General
Railway Board
  • Additional member
8. Secy Secretary Financial commissioner Apex Scale (Rs.80000 fixed)
Appointment to other organizations / bodies
Apart from the cadre posts, officers of Indian Railway accounts service also serve in general administration posts of Indian railways as general manager of zonal railways/production units, director general /NAIR at HAG+ level; divisional railway manager (DRM) Additional DRM, senior deputy general manager, chairman / RRB at SAG level, Deputy General Managers/Deputy vigilance officer at JAG/SG level.

IRAS officers also serve in various government ministries on deputation as Deputy secretary / director, joint secretary, additional secretary, secretary etc. by applying through central staffing scheme of central government (DOPT)

They are also sent to various public sector undertakings on deputation to hold finance portfolios of Director/ Group general manager / general manger / joint general manager etc.
Procedure governing promotions
In the career span of an IRAS officer, he is eligible for raise in salary and promotions. The promotions take place after evaluating the performance on the basis of performance appraisal reports, vigilance clearance and scrutiny of overall record of the officer concerned by following laid down procedures. The scrutiny is done by a departmental promotion committee of appropriate level as stipulated in the rules.
References
Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’ (RPF)
Overview
Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) is a Group -A Central Service of the Government of India and the youngest of all the Group ‘A’ Organized Services on Indian Railways. It was constituted in 1976 and the first direct recruitment through the Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC, was in 1980.
Recruitment
There are two modes of recruitment to IRPS, viz., (i) through Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC every year; (ii) through promotion of Group ‘B’ Personnel Officers working on zonal Railways to IRPS. Roughly, 50% posts are meant for Direct Recruitment and 50% posts are filled through promotion from Group ‘B’ Cadre.
Training
Directly recruited IRPS probationers are required to undergo a 93 week training programme (including Civil Services foundation course of 15 weeks) before induction into service on various railway zones and other offices. The training programme includes training at National Academy of Indian Railways (NAIR)/Vadodara, Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy for Administration (LBSNAA)/ Mussorie, National Academy for Direct Taxes (NADT)/ Nagpur and other specialized training institutes like at reputed management institutes are HR & Personnel Management, as well as field training on zonal railways, divisions, construction organizations and manufacturing units of the Indian Railways.
Allocation of zonal railways to officers
Direct Recruit IRPS officers are allocated to Zonal Railways on the basis of their ranks, preference and availability of vacancy in their category in their turn in terms of provision of Cadre Allocation Policy as amended from time to time. Officers recruited under promotional quota are encadred on their respective railway.
Designations during posting in Zones Minister of Railways and other Ministries (Not exhaustive ):
Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) is a unique service as it is the only service amongst the Central Group ‘A’ Civil Services catering exclusively to the Human Resources & Personnel Management discipline in the Central Government. It is under the administrative control of Member (Staff) at Railway Board’s level. The Establishment Directorate and the Management Services Directorates are headed by the Additional Member (Staff) in the Railway Board. The Personnel Department performs a significant and major role in all the activities of Indian Railways- those, which are directly connected with train operations, safety, productivity and earnings, as also the support activities for all departments of IR. IRPS officers are posted to work on divisions, workshops, zonal headquarters, production units and the Ministry of Railways (Railway Board). The functions are broadly categorized as:
  • Personnel Management :
    • Manpower Planning.
    • Recruitment.
    • Training.
    • Promotions.
    • Reservation.
    • Transfer & Posting.
    • Payments, Salary & Wages.
    • Final Settlement.
  • Industrial Relations :
    • Maintenance of cordial Industrial Relations.
    • Worker’s participation in Management.
    • All Welfare Activities.
    • Grievance Redressal.
  • Legal & Court matters :
    • Legal & Court Cases Work.
    • Implementation of Labour Laws
    • Hours of Employment Regulations (HOER)
Like other organized Group ‘A’ services of Indian Railway IRPS officers can be posted in General Management Ex-Cadre posts like Dy. General Manager, Add. Divisional Railway Manager, Divisional Railway Manager, General Manager etc. as per seniority and merit.
Designations during posting in Zones Minister of Railways and other Ministries (Not exhaustive ):
Sl.No Scale Designation in Ministries Designation on Railways Remarks
1 Junior Scale Normally Junior Scale & Sr. Scale Officers are not posted in In HQ office/Division/ Work shop – Assistant Personnel Officer (APO) Posted on completion of probation (PB-3 with Rs.5400/- Grade Pay)
2 Sr. Scale Ministries In HQ – Sr.Personnel Officer (SPO) In Division – Divisional Personnel Officer (DPO) On completion of 4 years in Group ‘A’.
3 JAG/ SG Jt.Director/ Director In HQ – Dy.Chief Personnel Officer (Dy. CPO) In Division – Sr. Divisional Personnel Officer (Sr.DPO) On completion of 8-9 years in Group ‘A’. Non functional selection Grade is given on completion of 13 years in Group ‘A’.
4 SAG Executive Director In HQ – Chief Personnel Officer (CPO) Eligibility is 17 years in Group ‘A’.
5 HAG Advisor In HQ – Chief Personnel Officer (CPO)  
References
Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’ (IDES)
Administration
Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES) is an organized Group ‘A’ Central Civil Service. IDES Officers are appointed through the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.

Administration Division looks after:
  • Cadre management of IDES
  • Recruitment of CEOs Group B and Assistant Defence Estates Officer group B through permissible channels
  • Establishment and service matters of Defence Estates Organization including recruitments, promotions, transfers, training and other personnel matters
  • Budget formulation and its implementation
  • Implementation of various policies, guidelines and directions of the Department of Personnel & Training and Ministry of Finance
  • Implementation of Official Language Act through Rajbhasha Cell
  • RTI matters
Indian Information Service, (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’ (IIS)
Overview
The Indian Information Services (IIS), a central service, earlier known as central information service (CIS), was established as an organized service w.e.f. 1st March 1960 and consisted of both Group ‘B’ and Group ‘A’. Prior to 1960, these posts were manned by officers recruited separately for each media unit through the indian civil services from open market. In 1987, CIS was bifurcated into IIS Group ‘A’ and IIS Group ‘B’. The Indian information service consists of posts all over India including a few abroad in various media organization. As on 01.01.2014, the total sanctioned strength of IIS Group ‘A’ is 571.
Recruitment
At present there are two modes of recruitment to IIS Group ‘A’ service viz. Through civil services examination conducted by indian civil services every year (50%) Through promotion from senior grade of IIS group ‘B’ (50%)
Training
After allocation by DoP&T, the officers undergo three months Foundation training in any of the institute recognized by DoP&T. This is followed by nine months professional training in Indian institute of mass communication (IIMC) and thereafter one year media attachment in different media units i.e. PIB, NSD:AIR, DDN, DPD, DFP, RNI and NMW of M/o information & Broadcasting. Administration Division looks after:

Designations held by IIS Group ‘A’ officers:
  • Principal Director General
  • Director General
  • Additional Director General
  • Budget
  • Director/Joint Director
  • Deputy Director
  • Assistant Director
Appointments to other Ministry/Departments:
IIS officers can be appointed to other Ministry/Departments on deputation basis, including deputation under central staffing scheme. They also serve as Personal secretaries to ministers in central government on co-terminus basis.
Regulations Governing IIS:
Service conditions of IIS Group ‘A’ officers are regulated by IIS (Group ‘A’) Rules, 2013. Functions of IIS Group ‘A’ officers:

  • To look after the administration and coordination work of the press. Information bureau headquarters and day to day publicity work of the government.
  • To guide, supervise and control field publicity units of the central government spread across the country. To issue directions from time to time effective monitoring and evaluation the work of field units.
  • Control, supervision and guidance to the News services units of the All India Radio and Doordarshan including the regional news units.
  • Organization of press advertising and visual publicity campaigns for disseminating information to the people on the activities and policies of the central government through various media of mass communication such as press advertisements, folders, posters, booklets, calendars, diaries, exhibitions, cinema slides.
  • To monitor the complex legal issues involved in the verification of titles, registration and circulation for newspapers in India.
  • To plan and execute the media strategy to provide publicity to various programmes/schemes of government for the welfare of the people across the country.
Procedures Governing Promotion:
In the career span of an IIS Group ‘A’ officer, he is eligible for raise in salary and promotions. The promotions take place after evaluating the performance on the basis of performance appraisal reports, vigilance clearance and scrutiny of overall record of the officers concerned by procedures laid down in IIS Group ‘A’ Rules 2013 as well as availability of vacancies. The scrutiny for promotion is done by a Departmental promotion committee constituted by indian civil services. Promotions are dependent on the time period spent by an officer in a particular grade and availability of vacancies. Specified number of years of service is a pre requisite to be eligible for promotion.
Assessment of Suitability for Promotion & Posting:
For posting, promotion and manning of posts held in the various Media units and in order to judge their suitability for various assignments, on annual basis, performance of each officer is captured through an instrument of performance of each officer is captured through an instrument of performance. Appraisal known as annual performance appraisal report i.e. APAR. This report is initiated by the officer himself/herself, listing out various achievements and completion of activities with reference to targets assigned to him/her and mutually agreed upon and this report is written and commented by the next immediate higher officer and further reviewed by the officer higher in the hierarchy than the Reporting Officer. There is one more authority who accepts the APAR reported and reviewed by the Reporting Officer and Reviewing Officer.
References
Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (ITS)
Overview
The Indian Trade Service (ITS) was formed in 1977 and the direct recruitment through UPSC started in 1985. It is an Organized Group ‘A’ Central Service. The first batch of ITS joined in 1986. The Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), which is the Cadre Controlling Authority of ITS, is an Attached Office under the Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry. DGFT is headed by Director General of Foreign Trade (HAG level officer). The sanctioned strength of ITS, as on date, is 189, comprising of 54 posts of Assistant DGFT at JTS level, 63 posts of Deputy DGFT at STS level (inclusive of NFSG), 64 posts of Joint DGFT at JAG level and 8 posts of Additional DGFT at SAG level (inclusive of 5 posts of Development Commissioners in the Special Economic Zones encadred into ITS). Cadre Review of the ITS is under progress and is likely to be completed shortly.
Recruitment
At present, there are two modes of recruitment to ITS viz,
  • through Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC every year and
  • through promotion. Roughly 50% posts are meant for Direct Recruitment and 50% posts are meant for promotion quota.
Training
ITS officers are imparted Foundation Course Training at any of the National Academies. In addition, Direct Recruit ITS officers are imparted probationary professional training at the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT), New Delhi for about 8 – 9 months. Also, a provision is being done for mandatory Mid Career Training for ITS officers.
Functions of ITS officers
The duties of the Indian Trade Service (ITS) officers are to implement the provisions of the following Acts/Rules and Policies administered by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade, which are as under:-
  • Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act, 1992.
  • Safeguard Measures (Quantitative Restrictions) Rules, 2012.
  • Foreign Trade Policy (FTP), 2009-2014.
  • Handbook of Procedure, Volume-I, 2009-2014.
  • ITC(HS) Classification of Export and Import Items, 2012.
  • Handbook of Procedure, Volume-II (Standard).
Normally, officers are expected to work in the 36 Regional Authorities which are located across the country. In addition, ITS officers also work in Department of Commerce and Directorate General of Anti Dumping (DGAD). There are certain cadre posts in the Special Economic Zones (SEZs) where the officers work as Development Commissioners.
Designation held by ITS officers
  • Assistant Director General of Foreign Trade.
  • Deputy Director General of Foreign Trade.
  • Joint Director General of Foreign Trade / Director (Foreign Trade).
  • Additional Director General of Foreign Trade / Development Commissioner (SEZ)
Appointments to other Organizations / Bodies
The ITS officers have the option to serve in different Departments / Ministries of Government of India on deputation under the Central Staffing Scheme. Besides, ITS officers can apply in Autonomous Organizations / Subordinate Organizations / PSUs / U.N. Organizations / International Organizations like World Bank, Asian Development Bank, in various capacities on deputation.
References
Indian Corporate Law Service, Group ‘A’ (ICLS)
Overview
Indian Corporate Law Service (IAS) was constituted on 01.01.1967 for effective and efficient administration of the Companies Act: The IAS posts are spread over the offices of the Registrars of Companies, Official Liquidators, Regional Directors, Company Law Board (C113), Office of Serious Fraud Investigation Organization (SITIO) and the Headquarters of MCA at New Delhi. Till 2008, the recruitment of IAS officers up to JAG level was through UPSC on the basis of an interview. However, in the year 2008, the lateral entry in the service was stopped and all the recruitment at the entry level was started through Civil Service Examination at Junior Time Scale (JTS) grade.
Recruitment
At present, there are two modes of recruitment to ITS viz,
  • Direct recruitment through Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC every year.
  • Through promotion of Senior Technical Assistants / Company Prosecutor, etc. (Gr.B posts) The ratio of Direct Recruitment and Promotion quota is 60% : 40%.
Training
After recruitment, ICI.S officers are put on induction training for a period of 10 months. The IAS Academy, located in the Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs (JICA), has the responsibility for conducting the induction training for the Probationary Officers (Yds.. ) belonging to the Indian Corporate Law Service (1CLS).

Induction training for newly recruited IAS officers is intended to familiarize them with the provisions of Companies Act, Limited Liability Partnership Act, other corporate laws, Indian Penal Codes, book keeping & accounts, etc. etc. itment and Promotion quota is 60% : 40%.
Functions of IAS Officers
IAS officers broadly administer the Companies Act and Limited Liability Partnership Act and a few other allied acts. The officers have different roles in different offices and their functions broadly include the following –
  • The IAS officers when posted as Regional Director, becomes Administrative head of the Region (at present there are 7 regions in country). Further, the R.Ds exercise certain statutory, powers and functions of the Central Government delegated to them as per the Companies Act. Further, RD exercises administrative control over all the offices, the ROCs and OLs in the region.
  • As Registrar of Companies (ROC) under the Companies Act as well Limited Liability Partnership Act, he exercises the power regarding registration and regulation of companies/Limited Liability Partnerships.
  • As Official Liquidator (OL) attached with different 11C, he performs the statutory duties of liquidation / winding up of the companies which includes taking of possession of the properties of the companies in liquidation, realization of the assets and distribution of the assets of the company amongst the creditors, workmen, unsecured creditors and the contributories (ex-shareholders) of the company, etc.
  • The ICES officers arc posted as Assistant Director/ Deputy Director / Joint Director / Director of Inspection and investigation to conduct and supervise the inspection and investigation of the companies under relevant provision of the companies Act.
  • he 1CLS officers are posted at the Headquarter of the Ministry to discharge various functions such as farming of policies, rules/regulations etc. issuing notification and circulars of e-governance in the Ministry, legal and court matters, to examine inspection & investigation reports etc. etc.
  • ILLS Officers are posted as Bench Officers, Secretary in Company Law Board (CLB) The officers also posted in the office of Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO)
Designations held by IIS Group ‘A’ officers:
  • Principal Director General
  • Director General
  • Additional Director General
  • Director/Joint Director
  • Deputy Director
  • Assistant Director
Appointments to other Ministry/Departments:
IIS officers can be appointed to other Ministry/Departments on deputation basis, including deputation under central staffing scheme. They also serve as Personal secretaries to ministers in central government on co-terminus basis.
Regulations Governing IIS:
Service conditions of IIS Group ‘A’ officers are regulated by IIS (Group ‘A’) Rules, 2013. Functions of IIS Group ‘A’ officers:
  • To look after the administration and coordination work of the press. Information bureau headquarters and day to day publicity work of the government. To guide, supervise and control field publicity units of the central government spread across the country. To issue directions from time to time effective monitoring and evaluation the work of field units.
  • Control, supervision and guidance to the News services units of the All India Radio and Doordarshan including the regional news units.
  • Organization of press advertising and visual publicity campaigns for disseminating information to the people on the activities and policies of the central government through various media of mass communication such as press advertisements, folders, posters, booklets, calendars, diaries, exhibitions, cinema slides.
  • To monitor the complex legal issues involved in the verification of titles, registration and circulation for newspapers in India.
  • To plan and execute the media strategy to provide publicity to various programmes/schemes of government for the welfare of the people across the country.
Procedures Governing Promotion:
In the career span of an IIS Group ‘A’ officer, he is eligible for raise in salary and promotions. The promotions take place after evaluating the performance on the basis of performance appraisal reports, vigilance clearance and scrutiny of overall record of the officers concerned by procedures laid down in IIS Group ‘A’ Rules 2013 as well as availability of vacancies. The scrutiny for promotion is done by a Departmental promotion committee constituted by indian civil services. Promotions are dependent on the time period spent by an officer in a particular grade and availability of vacancies. Specified number of years of service is a pre requisite to be eligible for promotion.
Assessment of Suitability for Promotion & Posting:
For posting, promotion and manning of posts held in the various Media units and in order to judge their suitability for various assignments, on annual basis, performance of each officer is captured through an instrument of performance of each officer is captured through an instrument of performance. Appraisal known as annual performance appraisal report i.e. APAR. This report is initiated by the officer himself/herself, listing out various achievements and completion of activities with reference to targets assigned to him/her and mutually agreed upon and this report is written and commented by the next immediate higher officer and further reviewed by the officer higher in the hierarchy than the Reporting Officer. There is one more authority who accepts the APAR reported and reviewed by the Reporting Officer and Reviewing Officer.
References
Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (AFHQ)
Overview
The Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service was constituted in 1968 to provide continuity in the functioning of the Integrated Headquarters of the Ministry of Defence (Army, Navy and Air), Defence Staff Headquarters and the Inter Service Organizations under the Ministry of Defence. The Service is contributing significantly in the functioning of Armed Forces Headquarters/Inter Service Organizations except those relating to technical and combat aspects in respect of the Armed Forces. Joint Secretary (Trg) & Chief Administrative Officer is the Cadre Controlling Authority and Head of the Department for AFHQ Civilian employees.
Service Profile
  • The Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service has at present the following grades :-
  • S.No Grade Name of the Pay Band/Scale Corresponding Band/Scale (Rs) Corresponding Grade Pay (Rs)
    1 Principal Director (Group `A’) PB-4 37400-67000 10000
    2 Director (Group `A’) PB-4 37400-67000 8700
    3 Joint Director (Group `A’) PB-3 15600-39100 7600
    4 Deputy Director (Group `A’) PB-3 15600-39100 6600
    5 Section Officer (Group `B’) PB-2
    • 9300-34800 (on initial appointment)
    • 15600-39100 (Non-functional scale/Grade Pay on completion of 4 years approved service)
    • 4800
    • 5400 (Nonfunctional Grade Pay)
    6 Assistant (Group `B’, Non Gazetted) PB-2 9300-34800 4600
  • 50% of the posts of Section Officers are filled by Direct Recruitment through the Civil Services Examination. Unfilled DR Quota vacancies will be diverted to promotion quota in the fourth year (after three years of carry forward). The remaining 50% are filled by promotion of Assistants.
  • At Assistant grade level also recruitment is done by Direct Recruitment (50%) through Staff Selection Commission and 50% by Promotion from UDC grade.
  • Conditions of service including leave, pension etc of officers of AFHQ are governed by the rules, regulations and orders of the Central Government issued from time to time. In addition, canteen facility is also available to the AFHQ Civilian Officers/Staff.
Career Prospects :
Under the existing rules and subject to availability of vacancies, Section Officers have the following promotional avenues :-
  • Section Officers of the AFHQ Civil Service will be eligible for promotion to the grade of Deputy Directors on completion of 06 years approved service in the grade. In addition, there is upgradation (Non Functional Scale) to the Grade Pay of Rs. 5400/- in PB-3 on completion of 4 years approved service as Section Officer.
  • Deputy Directors of the AFHQ Civil Service will be eligible for appointment to the Joint Director grade and to other administrative posts on completion of 05 years of approved service in the grade.
  • Joint Directors of the AFHQ Civil Service will be eligible for appointment to the Director grade and to other administrative posts on completion of 05 years of approved service in the grade.
  • AFHQ Civil Service has 04 posts of Principal Director (Group `A’, PB-4, Rs. 37400-67000, Grade Pay Rs. 10,000) above the level of Director. These four posts are filled by promotions from amongst Directors with three years approved service.
Cadre Review Committee :
IAS officers broadly administer the Companies Act and Limited Liability Partnership Act and a few other allied acts. The officers have different roles in different offices and their functions broadly include the following – Cadre reviews are carried out from time to time for enhancing the career prospects of AFHQ Civil Service. The third Cadre Review Committee has been constituted in Jul 2013 to carry out the cadre restructuring/review of AFHQ Civil Service.
DUTIES OF SECTION OFFICERS IN AFHQ CIVIL SERVICE
  • General duties such as management, distribution and coordination of work including supervision of staff.
  • Analysis and Independent disposal of cases.
  • Initiating notes and proposals in relevant cases.
  • Keeping track of ongoing cases and subsequent follow up.
  • Submission of periodic Reports & returns including collation of data.
  • Responsibility of efficient and expeditious disposal of work and checks on delays.
  • Ensuring strict compliance with instructions regarding treatment and safeguarding of Classified documents and record maintenance.
  • Any other action which a Section Officer is authorized to take independently.
Appointments to other Ministry/Departments:
IIS officers can be appointed to other Ministry/Departments on deputation basis, including deputation under central staffing scheme. They also serve as Personal secretaries to ministers in central government on co-terminus basis.
References
Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, D D & NH Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (DANICS)
Overview
  • The Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Police) services (DANIPS) provide officers to administer the Police administration of the union territory segments, i.e., Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, DANIPS officers are liable to be transferred from one union territory to the other, DANIPS is governed by DANIPS rules and other central civil services rules amended from time to time by ministry of Home affairs (MHA) or by Department of personnel and training.
  • The DANIPS Rule, 2003 and its amended version date 11.06.2009 can be assessed from the website of the MHA http://www.mha.nic.in

  • Name, number and scale of pay of duty posts in the grades of the national capital territory of Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli Police service.
Grades of the service
Sl.No Grade of the service Scales of pay
1 Junior Administrative Grade I (Group A) Rs.37400-67000+GP 8700
2 Junior Administrative Grade II (Group A) Rs.15600-39100+GP 7600
3 Selection Grade (Group A) Rs.15600-39100+GP 6600
4 Entry Grade (Group B)
  • Rs.9300-34800+GP 4800 (on initial appointment)
  • Rs.15600-39100+GP 5400 (on completion of 4 years approved service subject to vigilance and integrity clearance).
Sanctioned strength of the service
Sl.No Sanctioned strength
1 Specific posts under the government of the national capital territory of Delhi 309
2 Specific posts under the Andaman and Nicobar Islands administration 24
3 Specific posts under the Lakshadweep administration 14
4 Specific posts under the Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Administration 16
5 Deputation, Leave and training reserves 109
Total 472
Details regarding promotion in the service
Sl.No Grade Method of promotion Eligibility for promotion
1 Junior Administrative Grade-I By promotion in the order of seniority subject to rejection of unfit on the recommendations of the departmental promotion committee. A regularly appointed Junior Administrative Grade-II officer with a minimum of eighteen years approved service shall be eligible to be considered for promotion to the Junior Administrative Grade-I
2 Junior Administrative Grade-II By promotion on selection basis on the recommendations of the departmental promotion committee A regularly appointed selection grade officer with a minimum of thirteen years of approved service shall be eligible to be considered for promotion to the junior administrative Grade-II
3 Selection Grade By promotion in the order of seniority subject to rejection of unity on the recommendations of the departmental promotion committee. A regularly appointed entry grade officer with a minimum of eight years approved service shall be eligible to be considered for promotion to the selection Grade.
References
Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, D D & NH Police Service, Group’B’ (DANIPS)
Overview
  • The Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Police) services (DANIPS) provide officers to administer the Police administration of the union territory segments, i.e., Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, DANIPS officers are liable to be transferred from one union territory to the other, DANIPS is governed by DANIPS rules and other central civil services rules amended from time to time by ministry of Home affairs (MHA) or by Department of personnel and training.
  • The DANIPS Rule, 2003 and its amended version date 11.06.2009 can be assessed from the website of the MHA http://www.mha.nic.in

  • Name, number and scale of pay of duty posts in the grades of the national capital territory of Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli Police service.
Grades of the service
Sl.No Grade of the service Scales of pay
1 Junior Administrative Grade I (Group A) Rs.37400-67000+GP 8700
2 Junior Administrative Grade II (Group A) Rs.15600-39100+GP 7600
3 Selection Grade (Group A) Rs.15600-39100+GP 6600
4 Entry Grade (Group B)
  • Rs.9300-34800+GP 4800 (on initial appointment)
  • Rs.15600-39100+GP 5400 (on completion of 4 years approved service subject to vigilance and integrity clearance).
Sanctioned strength of the service
Sl.No Sanctioned strength
1 Specific posts under the government of the national capital territory of Delhi 315
2 Specific posts under the Andaman and Nicobar Islands administration 10
3 Specific posts under the Lakshadweep administration 01
4 Specific posts under the Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Administration 03
5 Deputation, Leave and training reserves 105
Total 434
Details regarding promotion in the service
Sl.No Grade Method of promotion Eligibility for promotion
1 Junior Administrative Grade-I By promotion in the order of seniority subject to rejection of unfit on the recommendations of the departmental promotion committee. A regularly appointed Junior Administrative Grade-II officer with a minimum of eighteen years approved service shall be eligible to be considered for promotion to the Junior Administrative Grade-I
2 Junior Administrative Grade-II By promotion on selection basis on the recommendations of the departmental promotion committee. A regularly appointed selection grade officer with a minimum of thirteen years of approved service shall be eligible to be considered for promotion to the junior administrative Grade-II
3 Selection Grade By promotion in the order of seniority subject to rejection of unity on the recommendations of the departmental promotion committee. A regularly appointed entry grade officer with a minimum of eight years approved service shall be eligible to be considered for promotion to the selection Grade.
References
Pondicherry Police Service, Group 'B' (PONDIPS)
Overview
The recruitment, promotion, pay etc., of the members of the Pondicherry Police Service Governed under the provision of the Pondicherry Police Service Rules, 2003 issued under the notification No. A12021/1/92/Pol I-Vol. II dated 6th December, 2004 by the Government of Pondicherry (Home Department). The service shall have 4 grades as specified in schedule-I of the said rules.

The name, number and scale of pay of duty Grades Sanctioned Scale of Pay Strength
  • Junior Administrative Grade –I (JAG – Group A) Rs. 14,300-400-18,300
  • Junior Administrative Grade-II (JAG-Group A) Rs. 12,000-375-16,500
  • Selection Grade (Group A) – Rs. 10,000-325-15,200
Entry Notwithstanding anything contained in the PPS Rules, the Govt. may
  • From time to time make temporary additions or alterations to the duty posts in various grades ;
  • in consultation with the Union Public Service Commission include in the service such posts as can be deemed to be equivalent to the posts included in the service in status, grade, pay scale and professional content or exclude from the service a duty post already included in the service; [Note: Duty post means any post included in Schedule – I of the PPS Rules]
  • in consultation with the Commission, appoint the regular incumbent of the post which has been included in the service as a duty post to the appropriate grade of the service and fix his / her seniority taking into account the regular service rendered by him / her in the said post or analogous grade as specified below:
    • JAG – Grade – I
      By promotion in the order of seniority subject to rejection of unfit on the Recommendations of the DPC; A regularly appointed Administrative Grade-II office with a minimum of eighteen years approved service.
    • JAG- Grade-II By promotion on selection on the recommendations of the DPC; A regularly appointed selection grade officer with a minimum of thirteen years approved service. Selection Grade By promotion in the order of seniority subject to rejection of unfit on the recommendations of the DPC; a regularly appointed entry grade officer with a minimum of eight years approved service.
Note : For JAG – Grade I and II The (DPC) Departmental promotion Committee consists of the chairman (Chairman or member of the Union Public Service Commission), 3 Members (i.e.) Joint Secretary in charge of the Union territories division in the Ministry of Home Affairs, Chief Secretary of the Government of Pondicherry and the Inspector.

General of Police, Pondicherry. The same Committee will also consider the Promotion to JAG – Grade II. for selection grade, the composition of the Departmental Committee is as follows:-
  • Chairman / Member, UPSC – Chairman
  • Chief Secretary, Govt. of Puducherry – Chairman
  • Deputy Secretary / Director in the Ministry of Home Affairs in charge of – Member the Union Territory of Puducherry
  • Inspector General of Police, Puducherry – Member
  • Secretary (Finance), Govt. of Puducherry – Member

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